Body language: UCLA's surgical residents sharpen their skills in special lab
Under the glare of operating-room lights, six UCLA neurosurgery residents embarked on a rare adventure into the human body. As they started cutting into three bodies, Dr. Warwick Peacock, professor of surgery, encouraged them onward. “That should be the linea alba,” he said in his gentle South African accent. “There are some adhesions. Always stick your finger in to make sure you’re not cutting into the bowel. It spoils the day.” Incisions made, the residents approached the spine from the front, sawing through the sternum, moving beyond the lungs and following the rib head to the pedicle, then removing a thoracic disc on each body — in two hours. Completing a discectomy in two hours on a living patient would be extraordinary. But this was no OR. The bodies are cadavers, and the bitter and antiseptic scent of embalming fluid, not blood, fills the air. In UCLA’s Surgical Science Laboratory — one of the few of its kind dedicated to the training of surgical residents — the fledgling surgeons can practice and make mistakes. They bubble with excitement, viewing anatomy rarely seen in this era of minimally invasive surgery and computer modeling: lungs, the front of the spine, the aorta. For Dr. Peacock, an emeritus pediatric neurosurgeon — who developed new techniques for treating children with cerebral palsy by first trying these techniques out on cadavers — teaching residents and exploring the human body on a daily ...
Journal Name: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism Issue: Ahead of print
A Houston hospital that suspended its renowned heart transplant program for two weeks amid scrutiny following the deaths of two patients could lose federal Medicaid funding
CONCLUSIONS: after transplantation, hemophilia A cure and improved bleeding phenotype of type-3 vWD reduced morbidity and mortality. However, potential graft reinfection with HCV and relapsing HCC cast a shadow over these optimum results. PMID: 29931985 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusion: Due to the high relative prevalence of fungal infections in our study, it is necessary to take precautions for fungal infection prevention and choose the best way management to obtain optimal results in these patients. PMID: 29930928 [PubMed]
Recurrent granulation tissue or anastomotic stenosis cause major morbidity for patients undergoing lung transplantation. Common therapeutic options include bronchoscopic interventions (BI) like surgical debridement, cryotherapy, LASER coagulation, balloon bronchoplasty and stent placement. Small institutional experiences have suggested efficacy of endobronchial brachytherapy (EBB) for recurrent post-transplant bronchial stenosis (PTBS) which has an anti-inflammatory effect similar to it's use for keloids or heterotopic ossification.
Background and Objectives Postoperatively, transplant recipients receive immunosuppressants, as well as sedatives and analgesics. The immunomodulatory effects of these other agents during the induction period following transplantation remain unclear. We aimed to determine whether the agents dexmedetomidine hydrochloride (Dex) and fentanyl (Fen) have immunomodulatory effects during the induction period following heart transplantation (HTx). Methods Fifty mice were used for antinociception tests after administration of Dex and Fen, and T cells from 3 naive animals were used for in vitro lymphocyte transformation test (s...
ConclusionThe Hepatocyte cell line derived from liver injury model were used for hepatocyte transplantation and showed the significantly higher survival rate.
ConclusionCollectively, SP can block the loss of therapeutic potential of MSCs by preserving their proliferative and paracrine potential. This study indicates the potential of SP as a supplement in stem cell culture for therapy.
With the proposed changes to the Affordable Care Act (ACA), 20 million Americans are at risk of losing their health care coverage. A survey, conducted by Brunswick Partners, found that “75 percent of Americans agree that the proposed changes to Medicaid in the AHCA are a bad idea. And that we should not allow 14 million Americans to become uninsured even if there is a potential to reduce Medicaid spending. These results are significant because they find majorities of Americans identifying as conservatives (55 percent), moderates (82 percent) and liberals (90 percent) are opposed to the AHCA’s Medicaid pro...
Conclusion: The use of human embryonic stem cell therapy may be a safe and effective treatment for patients with autism spectrum disorder. Studies with larger sample sizes are needed to support the use of human embryonic stem cell therapy in this patient population. Introduction Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by social disconnection, incomplete verbal and nonverbal communication, severely restricted interests, and display of stereotyped and repetitive obsessive behaviors.[1,2] The current diagnosis of ASD is based on the revised criteria in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic ...
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