Kenya:Women at Higher Risk of Chronic Kidney Diseases
[Capital FM] Nairobi -Women are at a higher risk of developing chronic kidney diseases compared to men.
AbstractBackgroundIron deficiency is a common cause of anemia in pediatric patients with hemodialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease (CKD-5HD). Ferric pyrophosphate citrate (FPC, Triferic ®) donates iron directly to transferrin, bypassing the reticuloendothelial system and avoiding iron sequestration. Administration of FPC via dialysate or intravenously (IV) may provide a suitable therapeutic option to current IV iron preparations for these patients.MethodsThe pharmacokinetics and safety of FPC administered via dialysate and IV to patients aged
ConclusionsIn pediatric dialysis patients, ferric citrate may be able to concurrently lower phosphate levels and treat iron deficiency. However, larger studies are needed to further evaluate safety and efficacy in the pediatric chronic kidney disease population.
AbstractBackground25-Hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) deficiency is common in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD). It has been associated with an increased risk for anemia in both healthy US children and in adults with CKD. This association has not been explored in children with CKD.MethodsChildren aged 1 –16 enrolled in the Chronic Kidney Disease in Children (CKiD) study with mild to moderate kidney dysfunction, and with 25OHD measured at baseline (n = 580), were included in the analysis. The cross-sectional associations between 25OHD and hemoglobin (g/dL) and anemia were assessed. Anemia was defined as hemoglobin
ConclusionsOur findings support the presence of erythropoiesis inhibitory substances in uremic sera. EPO/EPO-R-dependent mechanisms may play a role in inhibiting erythropoiesis. The in vitro bioassay described herein may serve as an indicator of rHuEPO responsiveness which may encourage further investigation of underlying mechanisms of EPO resistance.
This study aimed to evaluate plasma concentrations of leptin and total ghrelin in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and assess their roles in protein-energy wasting (PEW).MethodsThis study consisted of three different CKD populations [CKD group (20 patients with non-dialysis CKD), dialysis group (39 patients on dialysis), and kidney transplant (KTx) group (35 KTx recipients)] and control group (18 healthy children). Plasma leptin and total ghrelin levels were measured. Multi-frequency bioimpedance analysis was used for the assessment of fat and lean mass. PEW was defined using criteria including body mass, muscle ...
Conclusion: Herein, we present a case of infantile hypercalcemia 2 with a very different phenotype from that of previously described patients. Our findings provide further evidence for the wide range of phenotypic heterogeneity associated with NaPi-IIa impairment.Horm Res Paediatr
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe DEVOTE study compared the cardiovascular safety of two basal insulins, degludec, and glargine U100 in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) at high risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). In this review, we summarize the results of DEVOTE and provide a clinical perspective.Recent FindingsDEVOTE was a phase 3b, multicenter, international, treat-to-target, double-blind, event-driven trial. Patients with T2D> 50 years of age with prior CVD or> 60 years of age with CVD risk factors were randomly assigned to receive either degludec (n = 3818) or insulin glarg...
ConclusionIn hypertriglyceridemic patients treated with fenofibrate, the association with a combined lipid lowering nutraceutical seem to be more effective in optimizing residual hypertriglyceridemia than pravastatin 40 mg, while being more tolerable and having similar effect on LDL-C plasma level.
Publication date: December 2018Source: Biomedicine &Pharmacotherapy, Volume 108Author(s): Badreldin H. Ali, Mohammed Al Za'abi, Sirin A. Adham, Yousuf Al Suleimani, Turan Karaca, Priyadarsini Manoj, Jamila Al Kalbani, Javid Yasin, Abderrahim NemmarAbstractThe erectile dysfunction drug sildenafil has cardiopulmonary protective actions, and a nephroprotective action in cisplatin and ischemia-reperfusion–induced acute kidney injury. Here, we assessed its possible ameliorative action in a model of chronic kidney disease (CKD) using adenine feeding. Eight groups of rats were treated with saline (controls), adenine (0....
CONCLUSION: This analysis provides us with knowledge on those patients who may benefit from an earlier preparation in RRT. We suggest that patients with previous cardiac events, especially with a risk of gastrointestinal bleeding, should start the preparation for RRT even with GFR rates of 20-25ml/min. In spite of the retrospective nature of this study, and taking into account the difficulties of carrying out clinical trials in this population, we propose this suggestion as complementary to the current recommendations for a scheduled start using this technique. PMID: 30219338 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]