Scientists discover a key function of als-linked protein

(Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health) The protein FUS, whose mutation or disruption causes many cases of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD), works as a central component of one of the most important regulatory systems in cells, according to a new study in Molecular Cell from scientists at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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Abstract Expansion of a hexanucleotide repeat (HRE), GGGGCC, in the C9ORF72 gene is recognized as the most common cause of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS), frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and ALS-FTD, as well as 5-10% of sporadic ALS. Despite the location of the HRE in the non-coding region (with respect to the main C9ORF72 gene product), dipeptide repeat proteins (DPRs) that are thought to be toxic are translated from the HRE in all three reading frames from both the sense and antisense transcript. Here, we identified a CUG translation initiation codon that has a good Kozak consensus sequence as the t...
Source: Neurobiology of Disease - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neurobiol Dis Source Type: research
Contributors : Tassa K Saldi   ; Patrick Gonzales ; Alfonso Garrido-Lecca ; Vishantie Dostal ; Christine M Roberts ; Lenoard Petrucelli ; Christopher D LinkSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing ; Genome binding/occupancy profiling by high throughput sequencing ; OtherOrganism : Caenorhabditis elegansTDP-1 is the  C. elegans ortholog of mammalian TDP-43, which is strongly implicated in the etiology of Frontotemporal Dementia (FTD) and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). We discovered that deletion of the tdp-1 gene results in enhanced transcriptional gene silencing leadin...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Genome binding/occupancy profiling by high throughput sequencing Other Caenorhabditis elegans Source Type: research
Conclusion: The complex molecular underpinnings of these disorders are currently elusive. Despite heterogeneous clinical and pathological expressions, common features have been recognized in many NDs which provide evidence of their convergence. PMID: 29755292 [PubMed]
Source: Current Genomics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Curr Genomics Source Type: research
Abstract TAR DNA-binding protein-43 KDa (TDP-43) and fused in sarcoma (FUS) as the defining pathological hallmarks for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD), coupled with ALS-FTD-causing mutations in both genes, indicate that their dysfunctions damage the motor system and cognition. On the molecular level, TDP-43 and FUS participate in the biogenesis and metabolism of coding and noncoding RNAs as well as in the transport and translation of mRNAs as part of cytoplasmic mRNA-ribonucleoprotein (mRNP) granules. Intriguingly, many of the RNA targets of TDP-43 and FUS are involved ...
Source: Neural Plasticity - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neural Plast Source Type: research
We evaluated the genetic contribution of the T cell-restricted intracellular antigen-1 gene (TIA1) in a European cohort of frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients. Exonic resequencing of TIA1 in 1120 patients (693 FTD, 341 ALS, 86 FTD-ALS) and 1039 controls identified in total five rare heterozygous missense variants, affecting the TIA1 low-complexity domain (LCD). Only one missense variant, p.Met290Thr, identified in a familial FTD patient with disease onset at 64 years, was absent from controls yet received a CADD score of 11.42.
Source: Neurobiology of Aging - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Negative results Source Type: research
Authors: Liu X, Jiao B, Zhang W, Xiao T, Hou L, Pan C, Tang B, Shen L Abstract Recently, the coiled‑coil‑helix‑coiled‑coil‑helix domain 2 (CHCHD2) gene was identified as a possible causative gene for Parkinson's disease (PD). Three other neurodegenerative diseases, Alzheimer's disease (AD), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD), share significant overlaps with PD in clinical phenotypes, pathological features and genetic heredities, and it is still unclear whether CHCHD2 variants could explain these three diseases. The present study screened all exons of the CHCHD2 gene...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
AbstractThe ability to reject an automatic tendency, i.e. inhibition, has been linked to the prefrontal cortex, but its neural underpinnings are still controversial. Neurodegenerative diseases represent an interesting model to explore this issue, given its frequent impairment in these disorders. We investigated the inhibitory impairment and its neural basis using four different tests, which evaluate the presence of inhibitory dysfunction (Stroop test, Hayling test, and two graphical perseveration tests), and assessed their correlation with brain metabolism using18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography in a group...
Source: Brain Imaging and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Brain Pathology,Volume 28, Issue 3, Page 422-426, May 2018.
Source: Brain Pathology - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
In a prospective study of dementia in Flanders-Belgium, we observed a substantial fraction of early-onset dementia patients who did not fulfill the criteria for a specific dementia subtype, leaving the patients without a precise clinical diagnosis. We selected 211 of these patients for genetic testing of causal genes linked to neurodegenerative brain diseases. In this group, the onset or inclusion age was 59.9 ± 8.2 years and 27% had a positive family history. We used a panel of 16 major genes linked to Alzheimer’s disease, frontotemporal dementia, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease and prion diseases.
Source: Neurobiology of Aging - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Source Type: research
go JL Abstract Aluminum (Al), a potentially neurotoxic element, provokes various adverse effects on human health such as dialysis dementia, osteomalacia, and microcytic anemia. It has been also associated with serious neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and Parkinsonism dementia of Guam. The "aluminum hypothesis" of AD assumes that the metal complexes can potentiate the rate of aggregation of amyloid-β (Aβ), enhancing the toxicity of this peptide, and being able of contributing to the pathogenesis of AD. It has been supported by a number o...
Source: Biological Trace Element Research - Category: Biology Authors: Tags: Biol Trace Elem Res Source Type: research
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