Unveiling Issues Limiting Participation of Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder: From Early Identification to Insights for Intervention
This study is significant as it assists therapists, teachers, and parents to a greater understanding of the underlying issues that may interfere with children’s participation at home, at sc hool, and in the community.
In this study, we examined the benefits of a combined action observation and motor imagery (AO + MI) intervention designed to alleviate deficits in internal modelling and improve eye-hand coordination during a visuomotor rotation task. Twenty children with DCD were randomly assigned to either an AO + MI group (who watched a video of a performer completing the task whilst simultaneously imagining the kinaesthetic sensations associated with action execution) or a control group (who watched unrelated videos involving no motor content). Each group then attempted to learn a 90° visuomotor rotation while measurements...
Conditions: Specific Developmental Disorders of Speech and Language; Specific Learning Disorder; Dyslexia, Developmental; Developmental Coordination Disorder; Dyspraxia Intervention: Diagnostic Test: Diagnostic of specific learning disabilities or of Developmental Coordination Disorder Sponsors: CNGE IRMG Association; Scalab CNRS 9193 Recruiting
ConclusionsDCD prevalence based on DSM-5 is not significantly different from MABC-2, though it tends to estimate less than MABC-2. Future studies should consider our findings when selecting an assessment tool.
Conclusions and implicationsThe findings showed that CRISP test could induce fatigue in children. The CRISP test was also found to have positive construct (i.e. known-group) validity. The differences in muscle power and endurance between children with p-DCD and TD peers tend to widen when assessments are performed with tests having high agility components.
Conclusions and implicationsThe findings suggest that a school-based FMS training program has the potential to promote physical and psychological health in children with DCD in the long run.
Publication date: June 2019Source: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, Volume 182Author(s): Venera Gashaj, Nicole Oberer, Fred W. Mast, Claudia M. RoebersAbstractThe aim of the current study was to explore individual differences in basic numerical skills in a normative sample of 151 kindergarteners (mean age = 6.45 years). Whereas previous research claims a substantial link between executive functions and basic numerical skills, motor abilities have been put forward to explain variance in numerical skills. Regarding the current study, these two assumptions have been combined, revealing interesting results. Name...
CONCLUSIONS: Both the Wii and task-specific training improved overall motor performance and balance. On other MABC-2 component scores, treatment effects differed between groups: Task-specific training had more pronounced effects on balance skills, while Wii training had slightly stronger treatment effects than task-specific training on manual dexterity. It was concluded that task-specific training affords stronger benefits for general motor skill than Wii-based training. Whether Wii training can promote clinically significant benefits for upper-limb function remains to be seen. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study is regist...
ConclusionsA high percentage of Spanish schoolchildren are at risk for developing DCD. There is a strong connection between suspected DCD and socio-demographic factors. Protocols aimed to detect DCD and intervention programmes in classrooms designed to promote motor coordination skills need to take these factors into consideration.