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The Relationship between Soft-Tissue Balance and Intraoperative Kinematics of Guided Motion Total Knee Arthroplasty

In this study, intraoperative kinematics of 95 patients whose TKA was performed with a guided-motion prosthesis (Journey II BCS Smith and Nephew) were measured using the computed tomography (CT)-free navigation system. All procedures were performed via the same soft-tissue balancing technique, which focused on the medial compartment because guided-motion TKA must acquire medial stability to induce medial pivot motion. We measured the extension and flexion osteotomy gaps using a force-controlled compartment-specific ligament tensioner with a distraction force of 80 N for each compartment and divided patients into three groups based on the relationship between extension and flexion joint osteotomy gaps of the medial compartment: group1– loose flexion gap, group 2–equal joint gap, and group 3–tight flexion gap. We compared the preoperative demographic characteristics, implant alignment, and intraoperative kinematics among the three groups. There was no difference between the preoperative demographic characteristics and postoperative implant alignment in the three groups. The relative tibial internal rotational angles in groups 1 and 2 were significantly larger than that in group 3 at 60°, 90°, and maximum flexion (p 
Source: Journal of Knee Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

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