Effect of early palliative care on quality of life in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer.

Effect of early palliative care on quality of life in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer. Curr Oncol. 2018 Feb;25(1):e54-e58 Authors: Zhuang H, Ma Y, Wang L, Zhang H Abstract Background: Patients with metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (nsclc) experience great pain and stress. Our study aimed to explore the effect of early palliative care on quality of life in patients with nsclc. Methods: A total of 150 patients were randomly divided into two groups: control group with conventional care and study group with early palliative care. The quality of life (qol) rating scale and self-rating scale of life quality (sslq) were used to analyze the patients' quality of life. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale-D/A (hads-d/a) and Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (phq-9) were used to analyze the patients' mood. Pulmonary function indexes of peak expiratory flow (pef), functional residual capacity (frc), and trachea-esophageal fistula 25% (tef 25%) were analyzed using the lung function detector. Results: The qol and sslq scales scores of patients receiving early palliative care were significantly higher than those in the control group (p
Source: Current Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Curr Oncol Source Type: research

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This article reviews the current problems associated with the routine use of breast fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB), and discusses the potential impact that the new International Academy of Cytology (IAC) Yokohama Reporting System and the use of rapid on site evaluation (ROSE), should have on reducing these problems to optimise breast care for patients. The recently published IAC System aims to establish best practice guidelines for breast FNAB, emphasizes the importance of the FNAB technique and the skilful preparation of direct smears, proposes a standardized report, and establishes clear terminology for defined rep...
Source: Journal of the American Society of Cytopathology - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS.: One out of two Venezuelan migrants in Peru presents NUHCF. Having SIS increases the likelihood of Venezuelan migrants in Peruvian territory seeking medical attention. Increasing public health insurance for this population, which is currently low, could increase the utilization of health services. PMID: 31967249 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista Peruana de Medicina de Experimental y Salud Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica Source Type: research
Authors: Lancellotti P, De Pauw M, Claeys M Abstract Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancer represent the two main causes of death in industrialised countries. Both share common risk factors (diabetes, obesity, hypertension, diet, smoking, etc.). The associated timing of CVD and cancer onset is thus largely influenced by modifiable risk factors. Advances in cancer treatment have extended the lives of patients with cancer, but for some at the cost of adverse cardiovascular events. The rapidly growing number of patients surviving cancer, often in the setting of advanced age, new or pre-existing CV disease and risk f...
Source: Acta Cardiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Acta Cardiol Source Type: research
AbstractOsteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic joint disease that leads to pain and functional incapacity. The aim of the study is to investigate the effects of the incorporation of photobiomodulation (PBM) (via cluster) into a physical exercise program on the level of pain, lower limb muscle strength, and physical capacity, in patients with knee OA. Sixty-two female volunteers with a diagnosis of knee OA were distributed in 4 groups: exercise associated with placebo PBM group, exercise associated with active PBM group, active PBM group, and placebo PBM group. Sixteen sessions of lower limb strength exercises and PBM via cluster...
Source: Lasers in Medical Science - Category: Laser Surgery Source Type: research
Authors: Lai G, Guo N, Jiang Y, Lai J, Li Y, Lai R Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the duration of one-lung ventilation (OLV) affects postoperative pulmonary complications after McKeown esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of data stored in a database for esophageal cancer was carried out to identify predictors of postoperative pulmonary complications in patients undergoing McKeown esophagectomy at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between 2010 and 2012. RESULTS: Patients in the OLV ⩾150 minutes group had a higher incidence of postoperative pulmonary complication...
Source: Tumori - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Tumori Source Type: research
Authors: Wang S, Yu J Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.3892/ol.2019.10806.]. PMID: 31966087 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Wang XQ, Zheng Y, Fang PF, Song XB Abstract The lack of reliable plasma biomarkers limits their use in the diagnosis of gastric cancer (GC). The current study aimed to determine whether plasma nesfatin-1 can be used as a novel non-invasive biomarker for the diagnosis of GC. The levels of nesfatin-1 in 40 patients with GC and 40 healthy individuals, who were selected from the Chaohu Hospital Affiliated to Anhui Medical University, were assessed. ELISA was used for the measurement of plasma nesfatin-1 levels, while immunohistochemistry was applied to determine Ki67 protein expression in GC and normal gastric...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Ren L, Li Y, Zhao Q, Fan L, Tan B, Zang A, Yang H Abstract Breast cancer is one of the most prevalent types of cancer among women that leads to millions of deaths worldwide every year. The mechanisms of breast cancer pathogenesis remain unclear. It has been reported that aberrant expression of miR-519, is associated with breast cancer development; however, the effects of miR-519 on breast cancer cell proliferation remain unknown. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine whether miR-519 could regulate breast cancer cell proliferation. A total of 20 pairs of primary breast cancer and adjacent normal t...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Nardone V, Tini P, Pastina P, Botta C, Reginelli A, Carbone SF, Giannicola R, Calabrese G, Tebala C, Guida C, Giudice A, Barbieri V, Tassone P, Tagliaferri P, Cappabianca S, Capasso R, Luce A, Caraglia M, Mazzei MA, Pirtoli L, Correale P Abstract Immune checkpoint blockade is an emerging anticancer strategy, and Nivolumab is a human mAb to PD-1 that is used in the treatment of a number of different malignancies, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), kidney cancer, urothelial carcinoma and melanoma. Although the use of Nivolumab prolongs survival in a number of patients, this treatment is hampered b...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
In conclusion, cfDNA and cftDNA exhibit the potential to become novel biomarkers for the response assessment following cancer treatment, and may serve as a tool for the estimation of tumor volume. The current study further supports the increasingly important role of cfDNA and cftDNA as new monitoring tools for use during cancer therapy. PMID: 31966080 [PubMed]
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
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