The genetic susceptibility in the development of malignant pleural mesothelioma.

The genetic susceptibility in the development of malignant pleural mesothelioma. J Thorac Dis. 2018 Jan;10(Suppl 2):S246-S252 Authors: Melaiu O, Gemignani F, Landi S Abstract Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a cancer of the pleural cavity whose main risk factor is exposure to asbestos. However, it has been shown that only a minority of exposed people develops MPM. In fact, the incidence among professionally exposed workers was shown to vary between 0.5% and 18.0%. Various hints suggested that other important cofactors could play a role, in particular the genetic susceptibility. Impressive is the case of Cappadocians families exposed to erionite and affected by an "epidemic" of MPM with about half of the inhabitants dying for the disease. However, no results for a "Cappadocia" gene of susceptibility to MPM have been obtained yet and more studies are needed. Among asbestos-exposed workers, several studies reported familial cases of MPM, suggesting that heredity could be important in the tumor development. However, large studies on familial clusters showed only weak increased risks that could be attributable also to indirect exposures in a contaminated household. Moreover, the risk of developing MPM is increased of a limited extent among people exposed to asbestos with a positive history of familial cancers. A particular is represented by carriers of germline mutations within BAP1 gene. In families and in animal models, mutations w...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

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Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
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Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
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Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
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Source: Current Radiopharmaceuticals - Category: Radiology Tags: Curr Radiopharm Source Type: research
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Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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