An outbreak of Leishmania major from an endemic to a non-endemic region posed a public health threat in Iraq from 2014-2017: Epidemiological, molecular and phylogenetic studies

Conclusions and significanceIn conclusion, the genotype confirmation of theL.major strain will improve our understanding of the epidemiology of the disease. This is important for facilitating control programs to prevent the further spread of CL. Furthermore, this area could be considered as a model for further research on the risk of global CL epidemics in other non-endemic countries where both reservoir hosts and sandfly vectors are present.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 18 January 2020Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and WildlifeAuthor(s): Serene Yu, Joseph Modarelli, John M. Tomeček, Justin T. French, Clayton Hilton, Maria D. Esteve-GasentAbstractDetermining which wildlife hosts are involved in the enzootic cycles of tick-borne diseases (TBD) enables enhanced surveillance and risk assessment of potential transmission to humans and domestic species. Currently, there is limited data to indicate which tick-borne pathogens (TBP) can infect coyotes. Additionally, limited surveillance data for white-tailed deer (WTD) in south Texas i...
Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
In this study, we established a continuous epithelial cell line, named PT cell, from the pig tonsil. This cell is susceptible to JEV. We determined the growth characteristics, molecular properties, microstructure profiles of PT cell. JEV is easy to enter PT cell which may partly explain the reason of persist infection. We further determined that LMAN2L, a mannose lectin proteins, is the primary viral receptors for JEV entry in PT cell. IFITM3, an cellular surface antiviral factor, is underexpression in PT cell after JEV infection. All these results provide solid evidence that PT cell will promote additional research on JEV...
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
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Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Neuroscience Belgium Europe Medical research Source Type: news
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe childhood obesity epidemic is widely considered to have reached pandemic proportions. Across the world, children with obesity are facing numerous psychological and physiological issues that follow them into adulthood, frequently leading to chronic illness and early death. In an effort to combat the compounding effects of childhood overweight, researchers are attempting to identify biological and environmental contributors to child weight. Parenting styles are one recognized influence on child diet and body mass index (BMI). This review is a comprehensive examination of the literature on the inf...
Source: Current Nutrition Reports - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
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Authors: Lizardo K, Ayyappan JP, Ganapathi U, Dutra WO, Qiu Y, Weiss LM, Nagajyothi JF Abstract Chagas disease is caused by Trypanosoma cruzi which is endemic in Latin America. T. cruzi infection results in a latent infection with approximately a third of latently infected patients developing chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCM). CCM is a common cause of cardiomyopathy in endemic regions and has a poor prognosis compared to other cardiomyopathies. The factors responsible for the transition from the asymptomatic indeterminate latent stage of infection to CCM are poorly understood. Our previous studies demonstrated th...
Source: Disease Markers - Category: Laboratory Medicine Tags: Dis Markers Source Type: research
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