B-Type Natriuretic Peptide May Predict Prognosis In Older Adults Admitted With A Diagnosis Other Than Heart Failure

The diagnosis of heart failure (HF) in elderly patients is often difficult, due to overlap of typical signs and symptoms with those of comorbidities. B-type Natriuretic Peptide (BNP) predicts diagnosis and prognosis of HF, but little is known on its predictive role of short-term prognosis when admission diagnosis is other than HF.
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - Category: Nutrition Authors: Source Type: research

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We present an unusual case of indapamide-induced hyponatremia and hypokalemia complicated by cardiac arrhythmia. The adverse drug reaction was reversible and non-life-threatening, but this case serves as a reminder that careful evaluation and constant monitoring are necessary when prescribing diuretics. PMID: 31827736 [PubMed]
Source: American Family Physician - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Malays Fam Physician Source Type: research
Authors: von Kodolitsch Y, Demolder A, Girdauskas E, Kaemmerer H, Kornhuber K, Muino Mosquera L, Morris S, Neptune E, Pyeritz R, Rand-Hendriksen S, Rahman A, Riise N, Robert L, Staufenbiel I, Szöcs K, Vanem TT, Linke SJ, Vogler M, Yetman A, De Backer J Abstract Introduction: The revised Ghent nosology presents classical features of Marfan syndrome. However, behind its familiar face, Marfan syndrome hides less well-known features.Areas covered: The German Marfan Organization listed unusual symptoms and clinical experts reviewed the literature on clinical features of Marfan syndrome not listed in the Ghent nosol...
Source: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy - Category: Cardiology Tags: Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther Source Type: research
No abstract available
Source: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Commentary to Accompany Source Type: research
We propose that abnormalities of the pulmonary system contribute significantly to the exertional dyspnea and exercise intolerance observed in patients with chronic heart failure. Interventions designed to address the deleterious pulmonary manifestations of heart failure may, therefore, yield promising improvements in exercise tolerance in this population.
Source: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Purpose Left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) are associated with an increased aerobic capacity in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). However, studies evaluating the impact of LVAD implantation on physical activity (PA) are lacking. The aim of this study was to compare daily PA levels in participants with LVAD with well-matched CHF participants. Methods Sixteen participants with an LVAD (age, 59.1 ± 10.8 yr) were case-matched to 16 participants with advanced CHF (age, 58.3 ± 8.7 yr), who were listed or being considered for cardiac transplantation. Participants underwent a cardiopulmonary exercis...
Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: CLINICAL SCIENCES Source Type: research
ConclusionOur study suggests PRISM score performed as well as modified SHFM for one-year mortality prediction. Moreover, the addition of modified SHFM to PRISM score increases discriminatory ability in predicting 1-year mortality in heart failure patients compared to either of the two models alone. Together, when combined in a CART model, they can be used to identify the population subset with the highest mortality risk and hence guide goals of care discussion.
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: February 2020Source: IJC Heart &Vasculature, Volume 26Author(s): Xizhen Xu, Dao Wen WangAbstractBeta blockers are a recommended therapy in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction(HFrEF). Beta blockers markedly and unequivocally reduce mortality in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. However, the beneficial effects of beta blockers in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction(HFpEF) are not well established. In this review, we will assess the evidence basis of the recommendations for beta blockers and discuss emerging concerns about the use ...
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Roever L, Tse G, Biondi-Zoccai G. Continuous positive airway pressure and adaptive servoventilation in heart failure patients with central sleep apnea with Cheyne Stokes respiration: are they useful in ameliorating cardiac systolic dysfunction?J Clin Sleep Med. 2019;15(12):1715–1716.
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
Study Objectives:Early evidence with transvenous phrenic nerve stimulation (PNS) demonstrates improved disease severity and quality of life (QOL) in patients with central sleep apnea (CSA). The goal of this analysis is to evaluate the complete prospective experience with PNS in order to better characterize its efficacy and safety, including in patients with concomitant heart failure (HF).Methods:Using pooled individual data from the pilot (n = 57) and pivotal (n = 151) studies of the remedē System in patients with predominant moderate to severe CSA, we evaluated 12-month safety and 6- and 12-month effectiveness based on p...
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusions:CPAP and ASV are effective in improving LVEF in patients with heart failure and CSA/CSR to a clinically relevant amount, whereas nocturnal O2 is not. There is no difference between CPAP and ASV in the comparative beneficial effect on cardiac function.Citation:Schwarz EI, Scherff F, Haile SR, Steier J, Kohler M. Effect of treatment of central sleep apnea/Cheyne-Stokes respiration on left ventricular ejection fraction in heart failure: a network meta-analysis.J Clin Sleep Med. 2019;15(12):1817–1825.
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
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