Place recognition from distant landmarks: human performance and maximum likelihood model.
We present a simple behavioral experiment on human place recognition from a configuration of four visual landmarks. Participants were asked to navigate several paths, all involving a turn at one specific point, and while doing so incidentally learned the position of that turning point. In the test phase, they were asked to return to the turning point in a reduced environment leaving only the four landmarks visible. Results are compared to two versions of a maximum likelihood model of place recognition using either view-based or depth-based cues for place recognition. Only the depth-based model is in good qualitative agreement with the data. In particular, it reproduces landmark configuration-dependent effects of systematic bias and statistical error distribution as well as effects of approach direction. The model is based on a place code (depth and bearing of the landmarks at target location) and an egocentric working memory of surrounding space including current landmark position in a local, map-like representation. We argue that these elements are crucial for human place recognition. PMID: 29480375 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
[Evolution of the number of incident cases, stage and first treatments for prostate cancer in France between 2001 and 2016]. Prog Urol. 2019 Jan 08;: Authors: Delporte G, Olivier J, Ruffion A, Crouzet S, Cavillon C, Helfrich O, Leroy X, Villers A Abstract INTRODUCTION: No studies of French hospital registries for prostate cancer (PCa) have been published since the 2012 USPSTF recommendations. MATERIAL: This is a multicenter cohort study based on hospital data of prostate biopsies (PB) in 3 health centers between 2001 and 2016. The main objective is to describe the evolution of i...
No human cases have been identified, but health officials warn the disease can be passed to people from infected animals
Data from two phase 3 trials show the efficacy of single-dose tafenoquine in preventing malarial relapse but underscore the need for appropriate patient selection.Medscape Medical News
This report titled Double Jeopardy: The Older Negro in America Today presented data that documented the hardships faced by African Americans as they aged in a society that marginalized them. Using critical race theory (CRT), this article reviews the report and addresses the contemporary state of African Americans. It specifically focuses on income, education, poverty, and health status. The article also includes the scholarship of seminal scholars on the Black aged as context. It ends with policy implications that address changes that will continue to improve quality of life for older African Americans. PMID: 30636560 ...
At least three wrongful death lawsuits have now been filed against Dr. William Husel, the Columbus-area Mount Carmel Health System, and nurses and pharmacists employed by the system
CONCLUSIONS: The patient's perception of safety is good, although it can be improved. No strengths have been identified. The weaknesses identified are staffing, management support for patient safety, handoffs and transitions, and safety perception. PMID: 30642698 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Kalani M, Choopanizadeh M, Rasouli M Abstract Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a life threatening disease in which a variety of cytokines regulating the immune responses can determine its outcome. As based on their region in the gene, some single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) can influence the expression of their corresponding proteins, this study aimed to investigate the association between SNP in the IL-10, IL-12, IFN-γ genes and susceptibility to VL. The study was carried out on 120 patients with VL, 67 patients' families (family group), and 102 healthy individuals with positive leishmanin skin tes...
An attorney says an additional wrongful death lawsuit has been filed alleging an Ohio doctor and the hospital where he worked caused a patient's death by improperly prescribing a lethal dose of pain medication
Authors: Lang TA PMID: 30644797 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Tobin-Tyler E, Teitelbaum JB PMID: 30644791 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]