Is preoperative gastroscopy necessary before sleeve gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass?

CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative EGD is indicated before SG but not before RYGB for asymptomatic patients without a risk for gastric pathology. PMID: 29477376 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases : official journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Surg Obes Relat Dis Source Type: research

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AbstractFat-mass and obesity-associated protein (Fto) plays important roles in energy metabolism. It also acts as a demethylase and is most abundantly found in the brain. In the present study, we examined the spatial and temporal changes of Fto immunoreactivity after five minutes of transient forebrain ischemia in the hippocampus. In the control group, Fto immunoreactivity was mainly observed in the nucleus of pyramidal cells in the CA1 and CA3 regions as well as the polymorphic layer, granule cell layer, and subgranular zone of the dentate gyrus. Fto immunoreactivity was transiently, but not significantly, increased in th...
Source: Metabolic Brain Disease - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Authors: Ruiz Rebollo ML, González Obeso E, Burgueño Gómez B, Santos Fernández J Abstract A 75-year-old male was referred due to dysphagia and iron-deficiency anemia. An upper endoscopy was performed which revealed a friable mass at 30 to 37 cm from the incisors, consistent with esophageal malignancy. However, the pathology only demonstrated granulation inflammatory tissue. An endoscopic ultrasound exam showed a 2-3 cm esophageal wall thickening with a 1.5 cm lymph node, which was staged as a T2-3 N1 esophageal tumor. A CT-scan also identified a 7.5 cm esophageal malignancy surrounded by...
Source: Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Rev Esp Enferm Dig Source Type: research
Conclusion: There was a high prevalence of MetS and abnormal ECG among the studied population. Abnormal ECG findings were more common in men with no differential association in people with or without MetS. However, a significant association existed between certain components of MetS and ECG abnormalities in men only. Male gender and HDLc were independent predictors of ECG Abnormalities.Keyword: Electrocardiography, metabolic syndrome, africans.
Source: African Health Sciences - Category: African Health Source Type: research
Background: The 2017 ACC/AHA Guideline categorized blood pressure into 4 levels:normal (SBP
Source: African Health Sciences - Category: African Health Source Type: research
Introduction: Hypertension is a cause and consequence of chronic kidney disease globally. The other factors that work in concert with hypertension to cause CKD are yet to be clearly elucidated. Studies have identified proteinuria, dyslipidemia, obesity, smoking and family history of CKD as renal risk factors. Due to the high morbidity and mortality associated with occurrence of CKD including the enormous financial burden involved in its management, the knowledge of prevention and understanding of the risk factors for development of CKD is highly essential. Therefore, Identifying well defined risk factors that display stron...
Source: African Health Sciences - Category: African Health Source Type: research
Conclusion: The current study provides evidence that aerobic exercise is more appropriate than resisted exercise training in modulating inflammatory cytokines and quality of life among obese post-menopausal women.Keywords: Aerobic exercise; resisted exercises; inflammatory cytokine; quality of life; obesity; menopause.
Source: African Health Sciences - Category: African Health Source Type: research
Conclusion: Women who use CAM usually use it with information that is out of the knowledge of health profession and lack of information. It is recommended to carry out extensive studies for CAM methods and the mechanisms of action that women use.Keywords: Menopause, hot flashes, complementary and alternative medicine.
Source: African Health Sciences - Category: African Health Source Type: research
Background: Malnutrition (under and overnutrition) presents significant threats to child health. The co-existence of under and overnutrition in a population is increasingly being described in the literature .Objective: To identify the prevalence of malnutrition among under-five children in Enugu metropolis.Methods: A cross-sectional study of pre-primary school children conducted from January to May 2016. using stratified sampling technique. Caregiver-administered questionnaire was used to obtain relevant information. Weights and heights were measured using a standard weight scale and stadiometer/ length mat respectively. W...
Source: African Health Sciences - Category: African Health Source Type: research
Conclusion: The seroprevalence ofH. pylori antibodies was lower compared to most developing countries. Keeping a dog, household size, indoor tap water, fathers ’ occupation and diabetes mellitus type 1 were found to be independent predictors of presence ofH. pylori antibodies.Keywords:Helicobacter Pylori.
Source: African Health Sciences - Category: African Health Source Type: research
People who undergo gastric bypass surgery are more likely to achieve remission of diabetes than those who try to lose weight by dieting and exercising, researchers say.Reuters Health Information
Source: Medscape General Surgery Headlines - Category: Surgery Tags: Diabetes & Endocrinology News Source Type: news
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