Low-intensity, evidence-based cognitive-behavioural therapy of a patient with Crohn's disease.

[Low-intensity, evidence-based cognitive-behavioural therapy of a patient with Crohn's disease]. Orv Hetil. 2018 Mar;159(9):363-369 Authors: Antal-Uram D, Harsányi L, Perczel-Forintos D Abstract Inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease and colitis ulcerosa) is a chronic, long-term condition that causes chronic inflammation in the digestive tract, and shows an increasing incidence and prevalence worldwide. Changes in disease activity over time affect psychological distress which increases the risk of exacerbations. Beside somatic symptoms (such as abdominal pain, diarrhoea and weight loss), psychiatric comorbidity (in particular major depression, anxiety, social phobia) is common in patients with Crohn's disease. This case study illustrates the management and stabilization of a 21-year-old adult male patient with active Crohn's disease and with severe psychiatric comorbidity. The patient was diagnosed with avoidant personality disorder and dysruptive mood dysregulation disorder based on the results of psychodiagnostics (SCID-II structured clinical interview, MMPI personality inventory and disease-specific clinical questionnaires such as Beck Depression Inventory, Beck Hopelessness Scale, Social Cognition Questionnaire, Anger Expression Scale, Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale). The main aim of psychotherapy is to increase the adherence to pharmacotherapy, to promote psychosocial functioning, to improve well-...
Source: Orvosi Hetilap - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Orv Hetil Source Type: research

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In conclusion, the role of the anesthetist should be to supervise endoscopy activities at every level. PMID: 31808663 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minerva Anestesiologica - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Minerva Anestesiol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: CNB and SSNB have similar effects on pain relief, complications and functional recovery in patients receiving TKA. The optimal analgesic regimen for patients after TKA needs further identification. PMID: 31808660 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minerva Anestesiologica - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Minerva Anestesiol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 7 December 2019Source: Saudi Pharmaceutical JournalAuthor(s): Kinga OstrowskaAbstractA number of psychiatric disorders, including anxiety, schizophrenia, Parkinson’s disease, depression and others CNS diseases are known to induce defects in the function of neural pathways sustained by the neurotransmitters, like dopamine and serotonin. N-arylpiperazine moiety is important for CNS-activity, particularly for serotonergic and dopaminergic activity. In the scientific literature there are many examples of coumarin-piperazine derivatives, particularly with arylpiperazines linked to a coum...
Source: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Functional coupling of M1 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor to Gαq/11 in dorsolateral prefrontal cortex from patients with psychiatric disorders: a postmortem study. Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2019 Dec 05;: Authors: Odagaki Y, Kinoshita M, Meana JJ, Callado LF, García-Sevilla JA Abstract Accumulating studies have implicated intracellular signaling through muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChRs) in psychiatric illness. In the present study, carbamylcholine chloride (carbachol)-induced Gαi/o and Gαq/11 activation was identified in postmortem human prefrontal cortical ...
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Prenatally initiated CBT did not improve maternal symptoms or child outcomes among non-help-seeking women with antenatal depression or anxiety. Our findings are not in line with present recommendations for universal screening and treatment for antenatal depression or anxiety, and future work may include the relevance of baseline help-seeking. PMID: 31806071 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research
We present the case of a 4-year-old child who was admitted owing to the complaint of recurrent pancreatitis and had not previously been diagnosed with having metabolic disease. During inpatient treatment for acute pancreatitis, convulsions occurred with concomitant hyperammonemia, metabolic acidosis, coagulopathy, and shock 1 week after the administration of total parenteral nutrition. He was diagnosed to have PA after a metabolic work-up and confirmed to have novel mutation by molecular genetic analysis. Because children with PA may have acute pancreatitis, although rare, vomiting and abdominal pain should raise a suspici...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research
Conclusions The sincalide and EP cholecystagogues did not lead to significantly different HBS findings for similar patient populations or postcholecystectomy outcomes.
Source: Clinical Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Physician burnout can be a contributing factor to depression, substance abuse, problems with relationships, and thoughts of suicide. Burnout of physicians also results in decreased quality, safety, and outcomes for patients and more financial costs for health-care institutions. It is not enough for health-care systems to focus on helping the individual; these organizations also need to understand that they are the main cause of physician burnout and take appropriate action to reform their processes.
Source: Clinical Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: From the American College of Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
We present 4 cases of pathology-confirmed BIA-ALCL to illustrate varying presentations and imaging features of this disease process. Breast implant–associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma presents most commonly approximately 10 years after implantation of textured silicone or saline breast implants. Patients may present with breast enlargement, peri-implant effusion, a palpable breast or axillary mass, lymphadenopathy, breast skin erythema, or pain. Diagnosis of BIA-ALCL may be confirmed by sampling of peri-implant fluid or biopsy of peri-implant masses or regional lymph nodes.
Source: Clinical Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Interesting Images Source Type: research
We describe herein the incidental detection of a giant hypometabolic fecaloma on PET/CT with 18F-FDG during the initial staging of a patient with osteosarcoma using opioids for pain management.
Source: Clinical Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Interesting Images Source Type: research
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