Cognitive behavioural therapy for fear of falling and balance among older people: a systematic review and meta-analysis - Liu TW, Ng GYF, Chung RCK, Ng SSM.

BACKGROUND: fear of falling is prevalent among older people and associated with various health outcomes. A growing number of studies have examined the effects of interventions designed to reduce the fear of falling and improve balance among older people, y...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

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(Northumbria University) Three-quarters of prisoners struggling to sleep have reported major improvements after receiving cognitive behavioural therapy to treat their insomnia. In the first study of its kind in the world, experts from Northumbria University have found that a single one-hour session of cognitive behavioural therapy was effective in preventing the development of chronic insomnia in 73% of prisoners. Inmates also reported that the therapy made notable improvements to their anxiety and depression.
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
This study investigated whether pre-treatment attitudes aligned with cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) (termed CBT-mindedness) predicts CBT outcome within a clinical sample of adults diagnosed with social phobia (N = 50). Pre-treatment CBT-mindedness, measured by the CBT Suitability Scale, was found to predict treatment outcome immediately and 3 months following treatment. Higher CBT-mindedness was associated with lower clinician-rated diagnostic severity and client self-reported social anxiety symptoms following CBT. CBT-mindedness predicted self-reported, but not clinician-reported severity, even when ...
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
The Journal of Forensic Practice, Ahead of Print. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore to what extent neuro-typical theories of sexual offending apply to clients with Levels 2 and 3 autism with a co-morbid intellectual disability (ID). The paper develops a model of harmful sexual behaviour (HSB) for this client group and makes suggestions for how these behaviours can be understood and reduced. Design/methodology/approach The revised Integrated Theory of Sexual Offending (ITSO) (Ward and Beech, 2016) is used as a starting framework to understand HSB in this client group. This attends to specific neuropsychologica...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research
This report presents a case of compassion focused therapy for a Japanese female with major depressive disorder and suicidal feelings. After receiving compassion focused therapy, the patient recovered and began to have social interaction with others again. This case suggested the importance of psychoeducation, exercises involving compassionate images and breathing, and a compassionate relationship in conducting compassion focused therapy. PMID: 30416837 [PubMed]
Source: Case Reports in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Case Rep Psychiatry Source Type: research
OBJECTIVE:: Identify the core 'interaction structures' between therapists and depressed adolescents within and across two common forms of psychotherapy. METHOD:: A total of 70 audio-recorded psychotherapy sessions representing short-term psychoanal...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Abstract Depression is undisputedly common among individuals with End-Stage Kidney Failure and associated with adverse outcomes. It is well recognized that effective treatments for depression are needed within routine dialysis care. But, are we any closer to successfully treating depression in dialysis patients? We consider this question here with respect to two common treatments, antidepressant medication and cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). Currently, there are limited data from randomized placebo-controlled trials regarding the acceptability and efficacy of antidepressants. CBT trials appear to show more co...
Source: Seminars in Dialysis - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Semin Dial Source Type: research
Previously, we reported a randomized placebo-controlled trial, the Qure study, showing that cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), and not doxycycline, was significantly more effective than placebo in reducing fatigue severity in Q fever fatigue syndrome (QFS) patients. This follow-up study evaluates the long-term effect of these treatment regimens, 1  year after completion of the original trial.
Source: Journal of Psychosomatic Research - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The limited range of studies for all conditions except MS suggests a need firstly to synthesise systematically the available evidence across conditions and secondly to develop well-designed studies to provide evidence about the effectiveness of CR and other psychological interventions. PMID: 30412509 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research
Condition:   Insomnia Interventions:   Behavioral: Cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia;   Behavioral: Sleep hygiene education Sponsor:   The University of Hong Kong Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Late-life Depression;   Major Depressive Disorder;   Major Depressive Episode;   Major Depressive Disorder, Recurrent Interventions:   Behavioral: Psychotherapy;   Diagnostic Test: Questionnaires;   Other: Magnetic Resonance Imaging;   Other: Blood analysis Sponsor:   University of Cologne Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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