The role of VE-cadherin in blood-brain barrier integrity under central nervous system pathological conditions.
The role of VE-cadherin in blood-brain barrier integrity under central nervous system pathological conditions. Curr Neuropharmacol. 2018 Feb 22;: Authors: Li W, Chen Z, Chin I, Chen Z, Dai H Abstract The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is a layer between the blood circulation and neural tissue. It plays a pivotal role in maintaining the vulnerable extracellular microenvironment in the neuronal parenchyma. Neuroinflammatory events can result in BBB dysregulation by disturbing adherens junctions (AJs) and tight junctions (TJs). VE-cadherin, as one of the most important components of the vascular system, is specifically responsible for the assembly of AJs and BBB architecture. Here, we present a review, which highlights recently available insights into the relationship between the neuroinflammation and BBB dysregulation. We then explore the specific interaction between VE-cadherin and BBB. Finally, we discuss the changes of VE-cadherin with different neurological diseases from both experimental and clinical studies. An understanding of VE-cadherin in BBB regulation may indicate that VE-cadherin can partially be a biomarker of neuroinflammation disease and lead to novel approaches for abating BBB dysregulation under pathological conditions and the opening of the BBB following central nervous system (CNS) drug delivery. PMID: 29473514 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: Available online 24 April 2019Source: Journal of Critical CareAuthor(s): Philippe Montravers, Ignacio Martin-Loeches
Publication date: Available online 25 April 2019Source: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck DiseasesAuthor(s): G. Dumas, H. Tan, L. Dumas, P. Perrin, A. Lion, S. SchmerberAbstractObjectiveTo establish optimum stimulus frequency and location of bone conducted vibration provoking a skull vibration induced nystagmus (SVIN) in superior semi-circular canal dehiscences.MethodsSVIN 3D components in 40 patients with semi-circular canal dehiscence (27 unilateral and 13 bilateral) were compared with a group of 18 patients with severe unilateral vestibular loss and a control group of 11 volunteers.ResultsIn unilater...
Conclusion: The high IGF-II/IGFBP-3 molar ratio was not the cause of the sustained high growth velocity, due to the low affinity of IGF-II for IGF type 1 receptor. The key finding was theHESX1 mutation, as similar cases have been described before, suggesting a common mechanism for growth without GH. However, the variable penetrance of this variant in heterozygous relatives suggests that modifier genes or mechanisms involving combinations with mutations of other genes involved in intracellular signaling pathways might be responsible.Horm Res Paediatr
Publication date: Available online 24 April 2019Source: The Lancet Diabetes &EndocrinologyAuthor(s): Stuart W Flint
Publication date: Available online 24 April 2019Source: The Lancet Diabetes &EndocrinologyAuthor(s): Peter H Bennett
Publication date: Available online 13 April 2019Source: Molecular and Cellular EndocrinologyAuthor(s): Matti Poutanen, Trevor M. Penning
ConclusionSGLT2 inhibitors have relatively safe profiles and can efficiently decrease HbA1c as well as fasting and postprandial glucose levels. Furthermore, SGLT2 inhibitors administrations are not associated with significant hypoglycemic episodes or weight gain. Thus, combination of SGLT2 inhibitors and other less harmful anti-diabetic medicines could be considered if there is no any contraindication.
ConclusionDiabetes was correlated significantly with dyslipidemia and atherogenic risk in parallel with an increase in IFN-γ production and hematological inflammatory biomarkers; leukocytes, neutrophil/lymphocyte and platelet/lymphocyte ratios, MPV and PDW values. The amelioration in inflammatory biomarkers was associated with improvement in glycemic control.