GSE103666 Human primary macrophages derived in vitro from circulating monocytes comprise adherent and non-adherent subsets with differential expression of Siglec-1 and CD4 and permissiveness to HIV-1 infection
This study highlights the interplay of macrophage heterogeneity in HIV-1 pathogenesis. We show that monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM) could be divided into two distinct subsets: CD14+Siglec-1hiCD4+ (non-adherent MDM), and CD14+Siglec-1LoCD4- (adherent MDM). The CD14+Siglec-1hiCD4+MDM subset represented the smaller proportion in the macrophage pool, and varied among different donors. Fractionation and subsequent exposure of the two MDM subsets to HIV-1 revealed opposite outcomes in terms of HIV-1 capture and infection. Although the CD14+Siglec-1hiCD4+MDM captured significantly more HIV-1, infection was significantly higher in the CD14+Siglec-1LoCD4-MDM subset. Thus, CD14+Siglec-1hiCD4+MDM were less permissive to infection. Depletion of CD14+Siglec-1hiCD4+MDM or a decrease in their percentage, resulted in increased infection of MDM, suggestive of a capacity of these cells to capture and sequester HIV-1 in an environment that hinders its infectivity. Increased expression of innate restriction factors and cytokine genes were observed in the non-adherent CD14+Siglec-1hiCD4+MDM, both before and after HIV-1 infection, compared to the adherent CD14+Siglec-1LoCD4-MDM. The differential expression of gene expression profiles in the two macrophage subsets may provide an explanation for the differences observed in HIV-1 infectivity.
Conclusion: We observed high prevalence of HPV infection followed by trichomoniasis, while other STIs were rare among women in rural Nepal. There was no association between genitourinary symptoms and laboratory-confirmed STIs. PMID: 30224859 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Romano S, Buccheri S, Mehran R, Angiolillo DJ, Capodanno D Abstract INTRODUCTION: Despite the significant advances in the pharmacological and interventional management of patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) over the last decades, cardiovascular mortality remains the leading cause of death. Large randomized clinical trials have investigated the efficacy and safety of different antithrombotic medications in patients with CVD. Although female gender is generally under-represented in these clinical trials, most analyses clearly indicate that both men and women may accrue therapeutic benefits from antith...
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2018Source: PlasmidAuthor(s): João Alves Gama, Rita Zilhão, Francisco DionisioAbstractNaturally occurring plasmids have medical importance given that they frequently code for virulence or antibiotic resistance. In many cases, plasmids impose a fitness cost to their hosts, meaning that the growth rate of plasmid-bearing cells is lower than that of plasmid-free cells. However, this does not fit with the fact that plasmids are ubiquitous in nature nor that plasmids and their hosts adapt to each other very fast – as has been shown in laboratory evolutionary as...
Conclusion: Normal reference values andZ-scores of fetal MTD and MTD index were provided against GA and EFW, which may be useful tools for quantitative assessment of some cardiac and extracardiac diseases.Fetal Diagn Ther
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