Can relationships with fictional characters aid our self development?
This study examines the extent to which parasocial relationships facilitate “self-expansion,” or the sense of greater possibilities for the self. Real-world relationships lead to self-expansion when people view their relationship partner as “a valuable source of new knowledge and experiences.” Can fictional characters have the same effect of helping us envision a bigger, better version of ourselves?They can. University students were asked to read an unfamiliar short story about a young person competing in a race, and then to rate the story’s protagonist, along with two real-life contacts (a close friend and a classmate) and two television characters (the participants’ favorite and a non-favorite character) across various dimensions of likability and relevance to the self. Self-expansion was measured by a 14-item scale (e.g. “How much does X help to expand your sense of the kind of person you are?” and “How much has knowing X made you a better person?”) and was found to vary upwards in line with the intensity of the relationship, not its real-life or fictive origin.Close friends inspired the most self-expansion, followed by favourite television characters, then non-favourite characters, and finally casual acquaintances. The more a character was perceived as being like the participant’s ideal (as opposed to actual) self, the stronger the effect. Participants’ “narrative transport,” or the degree...
CONCLUSION: The small amount of evidence that is currently available suggests that presbycusis is underdiagnosed and under- treated in Germany. Early detection by physicians of all specialties, followed in each case by a specialized differential diagnostic evaluation, is a desirable goal. PMID: 31196393 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Herold J, Bauersachs R PMID: 31196392 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Bahra M, Geisel D, Müller T PMID: 31196391 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Beck H PMID: 31196390 [PubMed - in process]
Sports Rehabilitation ("Rehabilitationssport") Is Effective in Improving Motor Function. Dtsch Arztebl Int. 2019 Apr 26;116(17):298 Authors: Krakor S, Jakob E PMID: 31196389 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Brons F PMID: 31196388 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Eichhorn L PMID: 31196387 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Straube E PMID: 31196386 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Leidel BA, Dormann H, Busch HJ, Kluge S PMID: 31196385 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSION: The causes of visual impairment are manifold. Loss of vision is often the combined effect of multiple pathological factors. The etiology of visual impair- ment is thus a more complex matter than is commonly assumed. PMID: 31196384 [PubMed - in process]