Managers, conservatives, Europeans and the non-religious show higher levels of psychopathic traits

Christian Bale played the archetypalpsychopath in American Psycho (2000).Mention psychopathic personality traits and the mind turns to criminals. The archetype is a callous killer who entraps his victims with a smile and easy charm. However, recent years have seen an increasing recognition that psychopathic traits are on a continuous spectrum in all of us (akin to other personality factors like extraversion), that they don't always manifest in criminality, and that in certain contexts, they may even confer advantages.This perspective is captured in the title of psychologist Kevin Dutton's recent book The Wisdom of Psychopaths, and in the article published earlier this year in The Psychologist magazine: "On the trail of the elusive successful psychopath".A useful consequence of this increased popular interest in the positive side of psychopathy is that it's given researchers the chance to conduct large-scale public surveys. This summer, Scott Lilienfeld and his colleagues have published the results of an online survey they ran in collaboration with Scientific American Mind magazine in 2012 (the invitation to participate appeared alongside extracts from Dutton's book).Over three thousand people (51 per cent were female; the sample was skewed towards the highly educated) completed a 56-item measure of psychopathic traits known as The Psychopathic Personality Inventory-Revised Short Form, together with brief questions about religion, occupation and political orientation...
Source: BPS RESEARCH DIGEST - Category: Psychiatrists and Psychologists Authors: Source Type: blogs

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ConclusionThe twin block is effective in the long-term management of masticatory myofascial pain as compared to trigger point injections.Trial RegistrationClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03870191
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
AA Nadhreen, NM Alamoudi, HM ElkhodaryNigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2019 22(10):1313-1318 Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) is considered as a recent technique in the dental field. Nowadays, it is used by many clinicians in dentistry. The stimulation of the healing process and pain relief are among its most popular uses. The purpose of this paper is to discuss and review the latest extra-oral applications of LLLT in the dental field. An electronic search of English scientific papers from 2000 to 2018 was accomplished using PubMed and Google Scholar search engines. The following key words were used extra-oral, applica...
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - Category: Rural Health Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: The DC-TAV program is an ambitious, civilian-military, nationwide and long-term program, based on a harmonised standard of care and including multidimensional training. Further studies are required to assess its efficacy.
Source: Anaesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 October 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Suzanne A. Nasser, Elham A. AfifyAbstractSex-related differences in pain and opioids has been the focus of many researches. It is demonstrated that women experience greater clinical pain, lower pain threshold and tolerance, more sensitivity and distress to experimentally induced pain compared to men. Sex differences in response to opioid treatment revealed inconsistent results. However, the etiology of these disparities is not fully elucidated. It is, therefore, conceivable now that this literature merits to be revisited comprehensively. Poss...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Pretreatment with trospium 60 mg ER reduces the incidence and severity of CRBD in the early postoperative period. PMID: 31602966 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Anesthesiol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: LZT treatment appears to be a feasible, non-pharmacological therapy amenable to SMs. Results from this pilot study promote further investigation of LZT as an intervention for SMs with persistent symptoms following TBI. PMID: 31603218 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of the twin block in comparison to trigger point injections for the treatment of masticatory myofascial pain.
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontics - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: In spite of the lack of high-quality evidence, recommendations for pain management at the end-of-life in the ICU are homogeneous and are justified by ethical principles and agreement among experts. Considering the growing demand for the involvement of palliative care teams in the management of the dying patients in the ICU, there is a need to clearly define their early involvement and to further develop comprehensive evidence-based pain management strategies. Based on the study findings, we propose a management algorithm to improve the overall care of dying critically ill patients.
Source: Critical Care Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 October 2019Source: Anaesthesia Critical Care &Pain MedicineAuthor(s): Marc Leone, Jason A. Roberts, Matteo Bassetti, Adrien Bouglé, Jean-Philippe Lavigne, Matthieu Legrand, Michael Neely, José-Artur Paiva, Didier Payen, Jordi Rello, Claire Roger, Fredrik Sjövall, Boris JungAbstractThe 2019 Nîmes International Symposium in Antibiotic Therapy Optimisation aimed at determining the best approaches of a number of the antibiotic management strategies for critically ill patients. Experts reviewed the latest literature relating to requirements for an optimal antib...
Source: Anaesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeThere is anecdotal evidence that many patients who undergo reduction mammoplasty (RM) procedures, to relieve symptoms of large breasts, also report improvement in existing back pain. Given how important back pain is as a healthcare burden, the literature which explores the relationship between RM and back pain is sparse. Thus, we aimed to appraise whether such a correlation exists, through systematic review and meta-analysis.MethodAdhering to PRISMA methodology, we used the OVID engine to search the MEDLINE and Embase databases with predefined search terms and inclusion criteria. MeSH terms were not exploded...
Source: European Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
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