Medical renal disease in tumor nephrectomies: The silent killer.

Medical renal disease in tumor nephrectomies: The silent killer. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl. 2018 Jan-Feb;29(1):50-56 Authors: Tewari R, Bajaj R, Bharadwaj R Abstract In tumor nephrectomy specimens, the evaluation of the normal renal parenchyma is often overlooked. A patient with both end-stage renal diseases (ESRDs) with a renal cell carcinoma is more likely to die of the ESRD rather than cancer. At the time of nephrectomy, a pathologist has a large amount of tissue available to him to comment upon the presence of disease in the nonneoplastic kidney. Hence, this study was undertaken with the idea of characterizing disease in the nonneoplastic kidney at the time of tumor nephrectomy. A two-year retrospective study was carried out on all tumor nephrectomies and partial nephrectomies. Glomerular, tubulointerstitial, and vascular compartments were evaluated for abnormalities. Twenty-four cases were included in the study. A total of 17 cases showed abnormalities in the nonneoplastic renal parenchyma. In the glomeruli, two cases showed IgA nephropathy, one case showed segmental sclerosis, and one case showed the presence of cellular crescents. A single case showed diabetic glomerulosclerosis. Interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy were noted in seven cases. Fifteen cases showed intimal sclerosis and medial hypertrophy and six cases showed nodular hyalinosis. Tumor nephrectomy specimens may very often show the presence of various nonneoplastic diseases. Hyp...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

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