Impact of sheath size and hemostasis time on radial artery patency after transradial coronary angiography and intervention in Japanese and non ‐Japanese patients: A substudy from RAP and BEAT (Radial Artery Patency and Bleeding, Efficacy, Adverse evenT) randomized multicenter trial

Abstract BackgroundDuring transradial (TR) access, it remains unclear whether differences in baseline patients characteristics and hemostasis care impact the rate of radial artery occlusion (RAO). We sought to compare the rate of RAO after TR access with the 6 French(Fr) Glidesheath Slender (GSS6Fr, Terumo, Japan) or a standard 5 Fr sheath in Japanese and non‐Japanese patients. Methods and ResultsThe Radial Artery Patency and Bleeding, Efficacy, Adverse evenT (RAP and BEAT) trial randomized 1,836 patients undergoing TR coronary angiography and/or interventions to receive the GSS6Fr or the standard 5 Fr Glidesheath (GS5Fr, Terumo, Japan). Out of this study population, 1,087 were Japanese patients and 751 non‐Japanese patients. The overall incidence of RAO was significantly higher in Japanese patients (3.6% vs. 1.2%, P = 0.002). Use of GSS6Fr was associated with higher rates of RAO than GS5Fr in Japanese patients (5% vs. 2.2%, P = 0.02) and with similar RAO rates in non‐Japanese patients (1.3 vs. 1.1%, P = 1). The mean hemostasis time was significantly longer in Japanese patients (378 ± 253 vs. 159 ± 136 min, P 
Source: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL STUDIES Source Type: research

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auml; M Abstract Inferior vena cava atresia (IVCA) is a rare vascular condition that may be treated by venous stenting. The authors report on the microsurgical removal of an intraspinally misplaced stent causing nerve root compression and neurological deficits.A 42-year-old patient with IVCA and painful cutaneous collaterals had been scheduled for treatment by stenting of the iliocaval confluence and associated venous collaterals. Initial stenting of the right iliac vein was successful; however, during recanalization of the left paravertebral plexus, the stent entered the spinal canal via extraspinal-to-intraspina...
Source: Journal of Neurosurgery.Spine - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: J Neurosurg Spine Source Type: research
Cystic artery pseudoaneurysm is an exceedingly rare complication of biliary interventions, such as cholecystectomy, or cholecystitis [1]. Prompt intervention is often required due to their predisposition to bleeding. Ideal diagnosis and treatment would have the patient go directly to Interventional Radiology for angiography and embolization, followed by a short interval cholecystectomy [2, 3]. However, due to their low incidence patients often undergo several less invasive diagnostic tests prior to diagnosis [4].
Source: Clinical Imaging - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Patients, Policy and Practice Improvements Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography angiography (CTA) can be used for diagnosis of CSHB. Finding and blocking the nutrient arteries during surgery is necessary reduce bleeding. Total tumor resection requires accurately identifying and separating the proliferative area around the tumor. PMID: 31953074 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research
ConclusionMultidisciplinary management of spontaneously ruptured HCC results in the same survival outcome as non-ruptured HCC at the same stage of hepatopathy.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Abstract Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a condition characterised by an obstruction of the pulmonary arterial system by one or more emboli. Advanced clinical practitioners are often faced with ruling out a diagnosis of PE in patients with non-specific symptoms such as dyspnoea and pleuritic chest pain, which can be fairly mild and therefore a diagnosis of PE easily missed. PEs can be a challenge to diagnose, especially in elderly people, since it can be difficult to differentiate their symptoms from other less serious illnesses. Widely used scoring tools are helpful to calculate a patient's probability of having a PE....
Source: British Journal of Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Br J Nurs Source Type: research
We examined whether HVSs can be predicted by using arterial spin labeling (ASL) imaging.MethodsA total of 103 patients with VSs underwent ASL imaging and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) before surgery. Regional cerebral blood flow (CBF) of gray matter and regional tumor blood flow (TBF) were calculated from ASL imaging, and we defined the ratio of TBF to CBF as the relative TBF (rTBF = TBF/CBF). Angiographic vascularity was evaluated by DSA, and clinical vascularity was evaluated by the degree of intraoperative tumor bleeding. Based on the angiographic and clinical vascularity, the VSs were divided into two categorie...
Source: Neuroradiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
This article reviews some older technologies like colonoscopy, nuclear scintigraphy, and conventional angiography and will also review the newest additions to the lower GI bleeding diagnostic toolbox, which are video capsule endoscopy and computed tomography (CT) angiography. The management algorithm used at a given institution depends on the available expertise and resources. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery 2020; 33: 016-021 DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1695032Bleedings from small intestine account for 5% of all gastrointestinal bleeding. With advanced endoscopic tools, such as video capsule endoscopy and deep enteroscopy, accurate diagnosis and treatment is possible in majority of cases with low mortality and morbidity. Nonoperative management includes endoscopic hemostasis and angiographic embolization. Recurrence after initial treatment is relatively common. Surgery is reserved for the cases that are refractory to endoscopic or angiographic treatment, bleeding from tumor or mass lesions, or hemod...
Source: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVES: Acute lower limb ischaemia (ALI) as a result of popliteal artery aneurysm (PAA) thrombosis represents a significant problem. The aim of this study was to investigate outcome of intra-operative intra-arterial thrombolysis in the treatment of acute ischaemia due to PAA thrombosis in terms of major adverse limb events (MALE), overall survival, and intrahospital complications, especially those associated with bleeding. METHODS: A total of 156 patients with Rutherford grade IIa and IIb acute ischaemia resulting from PAA thrombosis were admitted between 1 January 2011 and 1 January 2017. T...
Source: PubMed: Eur J Vasc Endovasc ... - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg Source Type: research
Conclusions: Pulmonary artery catheter-directed thrombolysis is a technically feasible therapeutic option for children and adolescents with submassive and massive pulmonary emboli.
Source: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine - Category: Pediatrics Tags: Online Clinical Investigations Source Type: research
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