How can radiologists prepare for future of AI?

Yes, artificial intelligence (AI) will likely be a useful adjunct for radiologists...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: How will artificial intelligence enhance radiology? AI, radiomics help distinguish lung nodules on CT scans AI's role in radiology evolving toward a promising future Video from RSNA 2017: How will AI change radiology? Should radiologists and pathologists unite to master AI?
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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Treatment decisions in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) patients with severe heart failure (HF) and short clinical history are challenging because of the difficulty of determining HF stage or prognosis in the acute HF phase. We hypothesized that persistent decreased systemic or increased pulmonary arterial pressure, including in the subclinical phase, may affect the main pulmonary artery diameter (PAD), ascending aortic diameter (AoD), and their ratio (PAD/AoD). The aims of this study were to assess AoD, PAD, and PAD/AoD by non-contrast computed tomography (CT) scans in DCM patients in the acute phase of HF and to examine the ...
Source: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Original Clinical Science Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The median transplant-free survival in patients with LAM is greater than 20 years. Menopausal status as well as structural and physiological markers of disease severity significantly affect the rate of decline of FEV1 and progression to death or lung transplantation in LAM. PMID: 29940164 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Chest - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Chest Source Type: research
We present the case of a 65-year-old male with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis who developed refractory status epilepticus secondary to hyperammonemia following lung transplant. The patient presented on postoperative day 7 with super-refractory status epilepticus and normal computed tomography scan of the head. Hyperammonemia was suspected due to refractory seizures and confirmed with peak ammonia level >1000 μmol/L. Despite aggressive treatment, the patient developed global cerebral edema and died. Postmortem investigations revealed that the patient was positive for Ureaplasma parvum. Additional studies are needed ...
Source: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine - Category: Intensive Care Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion18F-FDG PET/CT and radiolabeled leucocyte scintigraphy single-photon emission computed tomography carry high performance in the diagnostic of LVAD infections.18F-FDG PET/CT shows significantly higher sensitivity and could be proposed as first-line nuclear medicine procedure.
Source: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: Gotti M, Chiumello D, Cressoni M, Guanziroli M, Brioni M, Safaee Fakhr B, Chiurazzi C, Colombo A, Massari D, Algieri I, Lonati C, Cadringher P, Taccone P, Pizzocri M, Fumagalli J, Rosso L, Palleschi A, Benti R, Zito F, Valenza F, Gattinoni L Abstract BACKGROUND: The leading cause of early mortality after lung transplantation is Primary Graft Dysfunction (PGD). We assessed the lung inflammation, inflation status and inhomogeneities after lung transplantation. Our purpose was to investigate the possible differences between patients who did or did not develop PGD. METHODS: We designed a prospective observ...
Source: Minerva Anestesiologica - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Minerva Anestesiol Source Type: research
Abstract Mutations of the surfactant protein (SP)-C gene (SFTPC) have been associated with neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) and childhood interstitial lung disease (ILD). If accurate diagnosis and proper management are delayed, irreversible respiratory failure demanding lung transplantation may ensue. A girl was born at term but was intubated and given exogenous surfactant due to RDS. Cough and tachypnea persisted, and symptoms rapidly progressed at 16 months of age despite treatment with antibiotics, oral prednisolone, methylprednisolone pulse therapy, and intravenous immunoglobulin. At 20 months, she...
Source: J Korean Med Sci - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research
Researchers from the U.K. have developed an artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: AI can prescreen chest CT studies for pneumothorax AI can help distinguish lung nodules on CT scans AI, radiomics help distinguish lung nodules on CT scans Infervision debuts AI stroke screening software AI predicts dementia years before symptoms occur
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
An artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm can be highly sensitive for detecting...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Big data for sale: A solution to spur AI research Summers: Radiologists shouldn't be intimidated by AI Education is needed to harness power of AI in radiology Google AI algorithm shows promise for chest x-rays AI can help distinguish lung nodules on CT scans
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
In this study, we proposed an imaging related parameter, that is, the ratio of injured lung volume fraction, for the prognosis evaluation of acute PQ poisoning based on the correlation between disease progress and lung imaging features. An artificial neural network was trained and then used to classify the injured and normal lung regions. The ratio of injured lung volume fraction was calculated from the injured lung volume fractions in the first and second CT scans after three-dimensional reconstruction. Parameters of blood tests were collected. A significant difference was observed with respect to the ratio of injured lun...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
A deep-learning algorithm can transform low-resolution, thick-slice knee MR...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Machine learning may identify medulloblastoma subtypes Is artificial intelligence ethical in healthcare? Deep learning may produce sharp reductions in DBT dose AI can help distinguish lung nodules on CT scans Can AI help in the fight against gadolinium deposition?
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
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