Perioperative Inpatient Use of Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors Is Associated With a Reduced Risk of THA and TKA Revision.

We examined (1) whether perioperative depression is associated with all-cause revisions, revisions for aseptic loosening, revisions without infection, and periprosthetic joint infections (PJIs) in patients undergoing THA and TKA; and (2) whether perioperative antidepressant use reduces the risk of all-cause revisions, revisions for aseptic loosening, aseptic revisions, and PJIs in patients undergoing THA and TKA. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of adult patients (≥ 18 years) who underwent 20,112 primary and revision THAs and TKAs from January 1, 2002, through December 31, 2009, at a large US tertiary care hospital. Data on patient and surgery characteristics and outcomes (dates and types of revisions, death) were ascertained through the institutional joint registry. Perioperative antidepressant use was assessed by searching the daily medication administration records beginning at admission and ending at discharge. A diagnosis of depression was present in 4466 (22%), and antidepressants were administered at the time of 5077 (25%) surgical procedures. Multivariable Cox proportional hazard models were used to estimate associations between antidepressant use and the risk of all-cause revisions, revisions for aseptic loosening, aseptic revisions, and PJIs. RESULTS: Depression was associated with an increased risk of all-cause revisions (hazard ratio [HR], 1.73; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.42-2.02; p
Source: Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Clin Orthop Relat Res Source Type: research

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