Fewer Scientists Are Studying Insects. Here ’s Why That’s So Dangerous

In the summer of 2016, Jerome Goddard, a medical entomologist in Mississippi, received an email from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) with a desperate ask. The agency was conducting an “urgent” search for insect scientists around the U.S. who could take up to a six-month paid leave from work to help the CDC fight the Zika outbreak in the U.S., and possibly respond to areas with local transmission if needed. “That’s how bad it is—they need to borrow someone,” says Goddard, an extension professor of medical entomology at Mississippi State University. “We can’t find people to investigate an outbreak.” Medical entomology—the study of insects and arthropods that impact human health—has been a shrinking field for at least two decades, and the lack of bug scientists is now interfering with the nation’s ability to respond to infectious disease outbreaks. The CDC, which has about 12,000 employees, only has 13 medical entomologists on staff. The dwindling workforce has serious consequences for human health; diseases spread by insects are on the rise in the United States. Chikungunya, a new disease spread by mosquitoes, has emerged in the past five years, and since 1999, seven new tick-borne diseases have been discovered in the United States. Cases of Lyme disease have increased from a reported 17,209 in 2001 to 36,429 in 2016—a 111% rise. (The CDC estimates that the number of people ...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized healthytime public health Source Type: news

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In this study, silver nanoparticles were covalently-bonded on polyvinylchloride (PVC) film, and zinc oxide nanowires with a radiating acicular structure were then self-assembled on the composite surface. The composite film reduced the attachment of Staphylococcus aureus by nearly two orders of magnitude in 24 hours. The integration of silver nanoparticles and zinc oxide nanowires holds potential for antimicrobial applications.
Source: Materials Letters - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is common and can be profoundly debilitating. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) —the delivery of high-frequency stimulation via electrodes to neural targets—is safe and effective for the treatment of refractory OCD (1,2). DBS has been approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration for treatment of Parkinson's disease since 2002 and OCD since 2009. Although this treatment is effective on a group level, why specific patients respond but others less so remains an open question.
Source: Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Commentary Source Type: research
Deliberate self-harm, encompassing suicide attempts, completed suicides, and nonsuicidal self-injurious behavior, is a global public health problem with a particularly strong impact on the world ’s youth and young adults. In the United States, suicide is the third leading cause of death among children 10 to 14 years of age and the second leading cause of death among adolescents and adults 15 to 34 years of age (1). Suicide attempts far outnumber completed suicides, and the personal, socia l, and economic costs of suicidal behavior are staggering.
Source: Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Commentary Source Type: research
Publication date: 18 April 2019Source: Cell, Volume 177, Issue 3Author(s): Ali Torkamani, Eric TopolObesity is one of the most serious health challenges of our time. In this issue of Cell, Khera and co-authors demonstrate the striking ability of genetics, in the form of a polygenic risk score, to identify those individuals at high risk for obesity. This genetic risk expresses itself early as childhood obesity, reinforcing the notion that early prevention is essential to combatting the obesity epidemic.
Source: Cell - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
In conclusion, our data show for the first time the presence of TBEV in ticks and the related sero-reactivity in goats, confirming the presence of TBEV in the environment of the Canton of Ticino. Further surveillance studies will have to be conducted to follow the persistence of TBEV in this region.
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 April 2019Source: Veterinary MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Min-Goo Seo, Oh-Deog Kwon, Dongmi KwakAbstractA 23-year-old male Thoroughbred horse at the Korean Military Academy appeared thin with visible rib bones and presented clinical signs of fever, anorexia, lethargy, and severe dehydration. To determine the presence of various febrile disease-causing agents, the 23 cohabiting horses at the academy, including this horse, were subjected to hematology, blood chemistry, and molecular analysis using whole blood samples collected during regular medical check-ups. On the basis of clinical history,...
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
PMID: 30995209 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Anesth Analg Source Type: research
Abstract During the past decade several notable viruses have suddenly emerged from obscurity or anonymity to become serious global health threats, provoking concern regarding their sustained epidemic transmission in immunologically naive human populations. With each new threat comes the call for rapid vaccine development. Indeed, vaccines are considered a critical component of disease prevention for emerging viral infections because, in many cases, other medical options are limited or non-existent, or that infections result in such a rapid clinical deterioration that the effectiveness of therapeutics is limited. W...
Source: Clinical and Developmental Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Clin Exp Immunol Source Type: research
Abstract In this two-part series of reviews, we have invited experts in their fields to contribute articles on the status of vaccine research and development for emerging pathogens. This topic has been brought into sharp focus in recent years following significant outbreaks of viral diseases such as those causing severe acute respiratory syndrome and Middle East respiratory syndrome, as well as devastating outbreaks of diseases caused by the Ebola, Marburg, Zika and Lassa fever viruses, to name only a few examples. Additionally, bacterial infections leading to bubonic and pneumonic plague, most notably in Madagasc...
Source: Clinical and Developmental Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Clin Exp Immunol Source Type: research
Publication date: August 2019Source: Safety Science, Volume 117Author(s): Nicola Wright, John Hollohan, Eldeen Pozniak, Perry RuehlenAbstractThis thematic paper explores the development of the occupational health and safety profession in Canada, including: a review of the OHS professional bodies – the national membership and national certification boards, a brief history of the profession in Canada, the impact of the Singapore Accord and the INSHPO Framework, OHS professional certification in context, including accreditation model and the historical development of examination competencies in Canada, an overview of th...
Source: Safety Science - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
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