Toenail mercury Levels are associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis risk
Discussion: Biomarker data show that ALS is associated with increased with mercury levels, which were related to estimated methylmercury intake via fish. Replication of these associations in additional populations is warranted. Muscle Nerve, 2018
CONCLUSION: A literature search found 22 cases through PubMed and Ovid, with key words "amyotrophic lateral sclerosis" and "pregnancy." Both slow progression and rapid progression of ALS during pregnancy have been reported. Worsening of symptoms seems to be common, but little is still known about the influence of pregnancy on ALS onset and progression. PMID: 30528837 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Yuishin Izumi, Ryosuke Miyamoto, Koji Fujita, Yuki Yamamoto, Hirotsugu Yamada, Tomoyasu Matsubara, Yuki Unai, Ai Tsukamoto, Naoko Takamatsu, Hiroyuki Nodera, Shinya Hayashi, Masaya Oda, Atsuko Mori, Yoshihiko Nishida, Shunsuke Watanabe, Hirohisa Ogawa, Hisanori Uehara, Shigeo Murayama, Masataka Sata, Ryuji Kaji
In conclusion, Axon-seq provides an improved method for RNA-seq of axons, increasing our understanding of peripheral axon biology and identifying therapeutic targets in motor neuron disease.Graphical Abstract
Conclusion: We have investigated 217 differential pathways and 21 significant differential pathways between SALS and normal controls based on network strategy. The findings might provide potential biomarkers for detection and therapy of SALS clinically and give great insights to reveal molecular mechanism underlying this disease. However, how these pathways cooperated with each other is still not clear, and future study should focus on this aspect.
Abstract Hepatocyte growth factor is an endogenous pleiotropic factor shown to act as a potent neuroprotectant against disease progression in animal models of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, which is a devastating, adult-onset motor neuron disease. To evaluate the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of recombinant 5-residue-deleted human hepatocyte growth factor (KP-100) injected intrathecally through an implantable catheter connected to a subcutaneous port, we conducted a first-in-human phase I trial of intrathecal KP-100 in 15 Japanese patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. The regimen was a single i...
Authors: Torres-Navarro I PMID: 30502297 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
In conclusion, this is the first report to show that pyroptotic cell death occurs in the aging brain and that the inflammasome can be a viable target to decrease the oxidative stress that occurs as a result of aging. Reducing Levels of Protein Manufacture Slows Measures of Aging in Nematodes https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2018/12/reducing-levels-of-protein-manufacture-slows-measures-of-aging-in-nematodes/ Researchers here demonstrate that an antibiotic slows aging in nematode worms, providing evidence for it to work through a reduction in protein synthesis. Beyond a slowing of aging, one of the con...
Diagnostic criteria for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) have been developed to standardise diagnosis and patient recruitment in trials. A research group of the World Federation of Neurology (WFN) devised the “El Escorial criteria” (EEC) (Brooks et al., 1994), which were later modified to increase their diagnostic sensitivity as the “revised El Escorial Criteria” (rEEC) (Brooks et al., 2000) with the objective of encouraging earlier inclusion in trials (Ross et al., 1998). The rEEC have been foun d to have high specificity, but to lack sensitivity, thus failing to promote earlier patient inclusio...
CONCLUSIONS We identified a novel frameshift mutation associated with JALS. JALS and generally typical ALS, with the same FUS mutation, can appear in a family and present a phenomenon of anticipation. For diagnosis of central nervous system degeneration in adolescents with bulbar symptoms, great attention should be paid to JALS. PMID: 30507891 [PubMed - in process]
Marta Simone, Antonio Trabacca, Elena Panzeri, Luciana Losito, Andrea Citterio, Maria Teresa Bassi