Students ’ effort allocation to their perceived strengths and weaknesses: The moderating effect of instructional strategy

Publication date: Available online 13 February 2018 Source:Learning and Instruction Author(s): Djoerd Hiemstra, Nico W. Van Yperen, Marieke E. Timmerman To become competent professionals, students should work on both their strengths and weaknesses. Considering students' limited amount of time and energy to work on multiple subjects, it is important to know what determines their allocation of effort to their perceived relative strengths or weaknesses. In a series of five studies, we examined the moderating effect of instructional strategy (i.e., self-directed versus test-directed) on the within-person relation between perceived relative strength (i.e., strengths versus weaknesses) and allocated effort across multiple subjects. We used different methodologies (scenario, field, and experimental studies), research designs (within-person and mixed factorial), populations (secondary school, college, and university students), and measures of effort (intentions, self-reported, and behavioral). The results consistently indicate that students in a self-directed instructional strategy condition tend to allocate more effort to their relative strengths, whereas students in a test-directed instructional strategy condition tend to allocate more effort to their relative weaknesses. Graphical abstract
Source: Learning and Instruction - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Related Links:

Authors: Fischetti A, Romano N, Mussetto I, Merlo G, Burlando M, Cozzani E, Muda A, Garlaschi G, Parodi A PMID: 30229643 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia - Category: Dermatology Tags: G Ital Dermatol Venereol Source Type: research
Authors: Brambilla L, Minuti A, Brambilla M, Tourlaki A, Genovese G, Berti E PMID: 30229642 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia - Category: Dermatology Tags: G Ital Dermatol Venereol Source Type: research
Authors: Veraldi S, Moltrasio C, Spinelli F, Nazzaro G PMID: 30229641 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia - Category: Dermatology Tags: G Ital Dermatol Venereol Source Type: research
Authors: Radi G, Campanati A, Diotallevi F, Molinelli E, Offidani A Abstract BACKGROUND: Apremilast is a "small molecule", an oral phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitor indicated for the twice- daily treatment of adults with psoriasis (PsO) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Data concerning clinical experience in real world setting with Apremilast for psoriasis are still exiguous, and aim of this report is to provide our experience in the use of Apremilast in out-patient setting. METHODS: Ten caucasian individuals (6 male, 4 females; mean age 69,3; range 53-81 years) affected by moderate to severe plaque psoriasi...
Source: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia - Category: Dermatology Tags: G Ital Dermatol Venereol Source Type: research
Authors: Di Prete M, Ferlosio A, Mazzilli S, Bianchi L, Orlandi A, Campione E PMID: 30229639 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia - Category: Dermatology Tags: G Ital Dermatol Venereol Source Type: research
Authors: Rossi A, Garelli V, Muscianese M, Pranteda G, Caro G, D'arino A, Fortuna MC PMID: 30229638 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia - Category: Dermatology Tags: G Ital Dermatol Venereol Source Type: research
Authors: Gualtieri B, Panduri S, Chiricozzi A, Romanelli M PMID: 30229637 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia - Category: Dermatology Tags: G Ital Dermatol Venereol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated the increased risk of skin cancer in transplant patients during the first 7 years of follow-up and made the dermatologists aware about the need of a regular cutaneous follow up for this subset of patients. PMID: 30229636 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia - Category: Dermatology Tags: G Ital Dermatol Venereol Source Type: research
Authors: Caposiena Caro RD, Coppola A, Didona D PMID: 30229635 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia - Category: Dermatology Tags: G Ital Dermatol Venereol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that topical EGF is a safe, noninvasive, and effective treatment for melasma. J Drugs Dermatol. 2018;17(6):970-973. PMID: 30235384 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Tags: J Drugs Dermatol Source Type: research
More News: Learning | Psychology | Students | Study | Universities & Medical Training