Subclinical thyroid dysfunction and cardiovascular diseases: 2016 update

AbstractSubclinical thyroid dysfunction comprises subclinical hypothyroidism (SHypo), defined as elevated thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) by normal free thyroxine (FT4), and subclinical hyperthyroidism (SHyper) with decreased or undetectable TSH and normal FT4. Up to 10% of the elderly have SHypo, which is usually asymptomatic. Individual participant data (IPD) analyses of prospective cohort studies from the international Thyroid Studies Collaboration show that SHypo is associated with increased coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality [hazard ratio (HR) 1,58 for TSH ≥ 10 mIU/L, 95% CI 1.10–2.27), as well as increased risk of stroke, and heart failure (HF) for both higher and lower TSH. Small studies found that SHypo affects carotid intima media thickness (CIMT), diastolic function, peripheral vascular resistance, endothelial function, and lipid profile. SHy per is associated with increased risk of atrial fibrillation (AF) (HR 1.68, 95% CI 1.16–2.43) and CHD events (HR 1.21, 95% CI 0.99–1.46). The TSH threshold for initiating treatment is unclear. In the absence of large randomized controlled trials, the best evidence suggests SHypo therapy should b e started at TSH ≥ 10 mIU/L, and SHyper therapy at TSH
Source: European Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

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ConclusionLET is a rare cutaneous lupus-specific lesion that may be associated with SLE. AITD, hypothyroidism in particular, could be an initial presentation of SLE. Increased awareness and early diagnosis of such clinical presentations may improve patient outcomes.
Source: The Egyptian Rheumatologist - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
The objective of this research article was to assess the trend of hospitalization, epidemiological characteristics and economic burden in the young adult, aged 18–45 years, presenting with atrial fibrillation.MethodsHospitalization data from the National Inpatient Sample between 2005 and 2015 were used to analyze prevalence of risk factors and financial burden in young adults with atrial fibrillation.ResultsFrom 2005 to 2015, a total of 260,080 admissions were included in the study. From 2005 to 2015, there was a decreasing trend of total admissions with atrial fibrillation among the age group of 18–45 years co...
Source: Heart and Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
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Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
Conclusion CAS in maintenance hemodialysis patients may be feasible and effective for the prevention of stroke with proper case selection, appropriate technique and strict perioperative management. The most common causes of death during the follow-up of maintenance hemodialysis patients were diseases other than stroke. PMID: 32062623 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our study showed that NLVS defines a group of systolic HF patients which not only did not have less severe disease than those with enlarged left ventricules (i.e., DCM), also had more HF rehospitalization. These NLVS patients also had steady clinical, laboratory, and echocardiographic profile during follow-up.
Source: Critical Pathways in Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Conclusions: AUD patients with excessive alcohol use had a higher risk of arrhythmia and sudden death compared to the control group. Consideration of ECG and referral to cardiologic examinations would contribute to the follow-up and health of patients with AUD. PMID: 32065846 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Primary Care Companion for CNS Disorders - Category: Primary Care Tags: Prim Care Companion CNS Disord Source Type: research
Authors: Wu X, Xu G, Zhang S Abstract BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the association between cystatin C and cardiac function and long-term prognosis in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). MATERIAL AND METHODS We selected 418 CHF patients admitted to our hospital as subjects. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to the cystatin C level (Quantile 1 group: 0.65-1.04 mg/L, Quantile 2 group: 1.05-1.35 mg/L, and Quantile 3 group: 1.36-7.84 mg/L), and patients were followed up for 5 years. We used odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) to compare the results. RESULTS The cyst...
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AbstractPulmonary hypertension (PH) has been described in myelofibrosis (MF), but it is rare and typically found in advanced disease. Although the etiology of PH in MF is unclear, early predictors may be detected by echocardiogram. The goals of our study were to evaluate the prevalence of PH as determined by echocardiography in a cohort of MF patients and to identify clinical risk factors for PH. We performed a retrospective review of MF patients from October 2015 to May 2017 at MD Anderson Cancer Center in the ambulatory clinic, and those with echocardiogram were included. Clinical, echocardiographic, and laboratory data ...
Source: Annals of Hematology - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
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Source: European Respiratory Review - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Epidemiology, occupational and environmental lung disease, Respiratory infections and tuberculosis Editorial Source Type: research
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