Incidence of infective endocarditis among patients considered at high risk

ConclusionAll IE high-risk groups carried a higher risk of IE than the matched controls from the general population. These results justify the European and American guidelines in considering these groups at high risk of IE.
Source: European Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

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The aim of this study was to evaluate the application of transthoracic echocardiography for the diagnosis of infective endocarditis (IE) to provide a basis for the better treatment of IE. From October 2016 to October 2018, 87 consecutive patients with IE at our hospital were selected for this study. All the patients were subjected to transthoracic echocardiography. The morphology, structure, activity, and closure of the patients’ heart valves were observed for vegetation identification, and the size, number, location, morphology, and echo intensity of vegetation, as well as degree of valve involvement, were determine...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Diagnostic Accuracy Study Source Type: research
Abstract Right-sided infective endocarditis (IE) represents 5-10% of IE. It may occur in patients with electronic intracardiac device, central venous catheter or congenital heart disease, but the most frequent situation is intravenous drug use. Prosthetic valve IE is the most severe form of IE. The diagnosis is more challenging than that of native valve IE, as is treatment, both antibiotic treatment and surgical indications. The infection of an electronic intracardiac device is a severe disease. Both diagnostic and therapeutic strategies are difficult. PMID: 31109767 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Presse Medicale - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research
Conclusions: The mortality rate and the risk of thromboembolic events and endocarditis were similar between BP and MP patients. The risk of bleeding was approximately one third lower for BP patients than for MP patients, while the risk of reoperations was more than three times higher for BP patients.Resumo Fundamento: A escolha de pr óteses mecânicas ou biológicas para pacientes com doença de válvula cardíaca ainda não é um consenso. Objetivo: Determinar os desfechos clínicos de próteses mecânicas e biológicas nesses pacientes. Métodos...
Source: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Though heart is known primarily as a pump, it is the four cardiac valves that ensures the critical , non-stop unidirectional flow that sustain the circulation . It is to be recalled these valves originate in the very early days of cardiac development when the primitive heart tube loops , even as the chambers expand from primitive ventricle. Mesenchymal differentiation controlled by various genes that cleaves the valve from myocardial tissue. While heart by itself is the supreme vascular organ ,  its surprising  few structures inside the heart , like the valves are quiet avascular ( or is it really so ?)...
Source: Dr.S.Venkatesan MD - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: cardiac embryology Embryology : Heart valve development Infective endocarditis : Pathology valvular heart disease blood supply to heart valves hematogenous spread of infective endocarditis how bacteria reach mitral valve in infective endocardi Source Type: blogs
The objectives of this study were to describe and compare the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with definite and possible infective endocarditis (IE) involving prosthetic heart valve, and to identify prognostic factors for long-term mortality, using data from an unselected cohort of consecutive patients. We studied data from 133 consecutive patients with IE involving prosthetic heart valve seen in an academic institution between 1990 and 2012. Patients were classified according to the modified Duke criteria for IE: patients with possible IE (n  = 47, 35%) and patients with definite IE (n&thin...
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Valvular Heart Disease Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Despite advanced systemic disease, the surgical treatment of patients with carcinoid heart syndrome is associated with an acceptable perioperative risk and satisfactory mid-term survival. Those patients who survived valve surgery benefited from a significant improvement in their functional capacity. Percutaneous procedures may represent a useful tool to reduce the risk of late valvular reinterventions. PMID: 27989047 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Heart Valve Disease - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Heart Valve Dis Source Type: research
Authors: Hitzeroth J, Beckett N, Ntuli P Abstract Although infective endocarditis (IE) is relatively uncommon, it remains an important clinical entity with a high in-hospital and 1-year mortality. It is most commonly caused by viridans streptococci. Staphylococcus aureus is responsible for a malignant course of IE and often requires early surgery to eradicate. Other rarer causes are various bacilli, including the HACEK (Haemophilus, Actinobacillus,Cardiobacterium, Eikenella and Kingella spp.) group of organisms and fungi. The clinical presentation varies. Patients may present with a nonspecific illness, valve dysfu...
Source: South African Medical Journal - Category: African Health Tags: S Afr Med J Source Type: research
The post below first appeared on HuffPost Healthy Living on April 20. Jen Hyde, a 30-year-old poet and artist living in Brooklyn, has a congenital heart defect. By the age of 25, Hyde had two open-heart surgeries, including a heart valve replacement. “I know that heart disease is the number one killer of women in America,” Hyde said. “I’m currently in great shape, but part of staying this way means building a strong relationship with my cardiologist so that the care I receive is preventative, not reactive.” Hyde is not alone in suffering from heart health issues — in the U.S., cardiova...
Source: Disruptive Women in Health Care - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Chronic Conditions Source Type: blogs
We present a case of a 50-year-old man with advanced liver cirrhosis and native valve infective endocarditis caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis. Bacterial infections are one of the most common complications of liver cirrhosis, but reports of infective endocarditis in patients with liver cirrhosis are relatively rare. Because of vulnerability of patients with advanced cirrhosis for developing infections, it is necessary to pay attention to the pathogens that are sometimes considered contamination and actively seek for the seat of infection, even in less expected areas (e.g., native heart valves witho...
Source: Acta Clinica Croatica - Category: Journals (General) Tags: Acta Clin Croat Source Type: research
Purpose of review: In recent years, great emphasis has been placed on reconstructive techniques for the surgical management of heart valve disease. In this review, we discuss recent data and current practice as it pertains to the subject of reconstructive valve surgery. Recent findings: New techniques and an improved understanding of the mechanisms of aortic insufficiency have led to marked improvement in the early and late outcomes of aortic valve repair. While mitral valve repair is the established approach for the management of degenerative mitral valve disease, surgical technique continues to be refined, with valve re...
Source: Current Opinion in Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: VALVULAR HEART DISEASE: Edited by Subodh Verma Source Type: research
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