Use of Uncrossmatched Erythrocytes in Emergency Bleeding Situations

UNCROSSMATCHED erythrocytes are a lifesaving bridge between a hemorrhaging patient of unknown ABO blood group not receiving erythrocyte transfusions and the provision of crossmatched units. Unless the recipient ’s ABO group is known, group O uncrossmatched erythrocytes will be issued, which are compatible with the preformed anti-A and/or anti-B (hemagglutinins) that are present in all recipients who are not blood group AB (table 1). Issuing group O erythrocyte units prevents acute, intravascular hemolytic reactions from occurring when uncrossmatched erythrocytes are transfused to a recipient of unknown ABO group. An acute (occurring within 24  h of the transfusion) intravascular reaction occurs when complement-fixing antibodies, such as the naturally occurring IgM isotype anti-A and/or anti-B found in all recipients who are not blood group AB, bind to their target antigen and fix complement, thereby causing the destruction of the eryth rocytes inside the vascular system.1 These reactions can be life threatening because of the nature of the substances released from the lysed erythrocytes. In contrast, an extravascular hemolytic reaction is caused by IgG antibodies and tends to be less life threatening because the erythrocytes are destroyed in a contained manner in the liver and spleen, thereby not releasing intra-erythrocyte substances directly into the bloodstream. Thus, uncrossmatched erythrocytes can be administered to any patient with severe anemia or acute he...
Source: Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research

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Authors: Abstract Heavy menstrual bleeding is defined as excessive menstrual blood loss that interferes with a woman's physical, social, emotional, or material quality of life. If obstetrician-gynecologists suspect that a patient has a bleeding disorder, they should work in coordination with a hematologist for laboratory evaluation and medical management. Evaluation of adolescent girls who present with heavy menstrual bleeding should include assessment for anemia from blood loss, including serum ferritin, the presence of an endocrine disorder leading to anovulation, and evaluation for the presence of a bleeding d...
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
Authors: Abstract Heavy menstrual bleeding is defined as excessive menstrual blood loss that interferes with a woman's physical, social, emotional, or material quality of life. If obstetrician-gynecologists suspect that a patient has a bleeding disorder, they should work in coordination with a hematologist for laboratory evaluation and medical management. Evaluation of adolescent girls who present with heavy menstrual bleeding should include assessment for anemia from blood loss, including serum ferritin, the presence of an endocrine disorder leading to anovulation, and evaluation for the presence of a bleeding d...
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
Conclusion: Dilutional anemia as a result of CPB mostly occurs in patients with borderline preoperative hemoglobin concentrations and its correction with RBC transfusion does not normalize the degree of microcirculatory and oxygenation problems, which the patients are already prone to because of the nature of CPB. Preventing dilutional anemia and transfusion, especially in patients with preoperative borderline hemoglobin levels, may therefore reduce the burden of impaired microcirculation-associated organ failure in on-pump cardiac surgery. PMID: 31408294 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - Category: General Medicine Tags: Turk J Med Sci Source Type: research
Conclusion: Dilutional anemia as a result of CPB mostly occurs in patients with borderline preoperative hemoglobin concentrations and its correction with RBC transfusion does not normalize the degree of microcirculatory and oxygenation problems, which the patients are already prone to because of the nature of CPB. Preventing dilutional anemia and transfusion, especially in patients with preoperative borderline hemoglobin levels, may therefore reduce the burden of impaired microcirculation-associated organ failure in on-pump cardiac surgery. PMID: 31287248 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - Category: General Medicine Tags: Turk J Med Sci Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Given optimal management JW patients can undergo major surgery without an excessive risk of death. The 6.6% in-hospital mortality observed in this institution was in the range of the 4% generally observed after surgery in Europe. The majority of JW patients accepted a variety of blood conservation strategies following appropriate elucidation. This also included coagulation factor concentrates extracted from human plasma enabling an effective treatment of even severe bleeding complications. In this analysis postoperative hemoglobin concentrations below 6 g/dl in older JW patients were associated with a&nb...
Source: Der Anaesthesist - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Anaesthesist Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 June 2019Source: Surgery (Oxford)Author(s): Sean R. Bennett, Mahasen Al HarbiAbstractBoth red blood cell (RBC) transfusion and anaemia or low haematocrit increase morbidity and mortality associated with surgery. Chronic anaemia in the elective patient carries a small risk in non-haemorrhagic surgery. Where bleeding is anticipated anaemia should be treated medically to avoid (RBC) transfusion which will increase the risk to the patient. Major bleeding (MB) has the biggest impact on adverse outcomes. Acute anaemia is caused by surgical bleeding and requires RBC transfusion to keep the ha...
Source: Surgery (Oxford) - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
We report an extremely rare case of PPP and PA complicated with anemia and an unexplained decrease in the hemoglobin (Hb) levels after transfusion of 3 units of allogeneic red blood cells. Diagnoses: The patient was diagnosed with unexplained anemia, and hemolysis resulting from donor red blood cell transfusion was suspected preoperatively. Interventions: To minimize blood loss for safety, a new operative technique, parallel transverse uterine incisions (PTUI) in CS (PTUI CS), was used under general anesthesia in this case. Inhaled volatile sevoflurane was used for uterine relaxation during PTUI. Cell salvage was als...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
Conclusions: Anemia on admission was associated with higher mortality and an increased risk of poor outcome in patients with ICH. However, the results were limited by the high heterogeneity of included studies. Prospective, multi-center or population-based, large sample cohort studies are needed in the future. Introduction Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is the second most common cause of stroke and a highly lethal disease (1), which still lacks effective therapeutic interventions (2, 3). Although age, baseline ICH volume and neurological status on admission are well-known predictors of outcome of ICH (4), none of t...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONThe institution of appropriate treatment and adequate intra- and perioperative measures can ensure safe surgery in patients with EPP even under emergency conditions.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
This is a narrative review of recent articles (mainly published in 2017 and 2018) related to the conduct of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) that should be of interest to the cardiac anesthesiologist. Some of the topics covered include recent guidelines on temperature management, anticoagulation, perfusion practice, use of transesophageal echocardiography during CPB, optimal mean arterial pressure, vasoplegia, bleeding, perioperative anemia, post-cardiac surgery transfusion, acute kidney injury, delirium and cognitive decline, CPB during pregnancy, lung management, radial-to-femoral artery pressure gradients during CPB, prophy...
Source: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Special Article Source Type: research
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