Alcohol damages the brain more than cannabis, study finds
Researchers from the University of Colorado Boulder found that, unlike booze, marijuana does not affect the size or integrity of white or grey matter in the brain, even after years of exposure.
American Journal of Gastroenterology 113, 195 (February 2018). doi:10.1038/ajg.2018.4 Author: Renuka Umashanker
CHARLOTTE, NC – Benjamin J. Lawner, DO, MS, EMT-P, FACEP, has been awarded the 2018 John P. Pryor, MD/Street Medicine Society Award at the EMS Today conference in Charlotte, NC. Dr. Benjamin J. Lawner is recognized as an emergency medicine advocate focusing on clinical and educational excellence. Dr. Lawner is currently the Medical Director of Prehospital Services for Allegheny General Hospital in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. His academic and operational responsibilities include oversight for EMS agencies, a critical care transport program, and graduate medical education in emergency medical services. D...
Conclusions: From a research perspective, better agreement on both diagnoses and outcomes is urgently needed to improve the overall quality of the evidence. Clinically, despite the limitations in the literature, it is unacceptable for PD services to ignore AUD and for AUD services not to screen for PD. Both are likely to have an impact on health and functioning and should be considered in routine reviews. A better conceptualization of the putative mechanisms of this interaction, as well as an understanding of the neurobiology and reasons for the impact on treatment outcomes, will help to move the field forward.Psychopathology
DISCUSSION: Mental health services should focus on integrated approaches via multimodal treatment interventions that encapsulate harm reduction and educational initiatives: Despite the modest sample, the findings have emphasized the importance of a broad range of treatment approaches delivered within a unitary delivery system. PMID: 29461932 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that individuals with dual diagnosis AUD and PTSD have higher levels of negative affect and higher levels of hostility compared to individuals with single diagnosis AUD. In addition, these heightened levels of negative affect intensity and hostility appear to function somewhat independently of diagnosis severity and symptomology improvement. To our knowledge, this is the first study to compare negative affect intensity and hostility levels between single diagnosis AUD and dual diagnosis AUD and PTSD individuals. PMID: 29461925 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
The purpose of thisworkshop is to address challenges related to clinical trial designs and drug development in Alcoholic Associated Liver Disease (AALD) and Alcoholic Hepatitis (AH) including populations to study, endpoints, and diagnostic criteria. For additional details visit https://niaaa.nih.gov/alcoholic-hepatitis-workshop-fda-niaaa-aasld
No abstract available
CONCLUSION: In a community-based sample of Japanese men, we found an association between reduced lung function and WMLs and lacunar infarcts in never smokers. PMID: 29459517 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]