What Growth Charts Are Best?

Discussion “The value of growth assessment is thus its principal utility as a key screening tool in order to assess children’s general well-being, to identify faltering and excessive growth, to evaluate maternal lactation performance and infant feeding practices, and to manage her children with medical conditions known to adversely affect growth,….” Thus having assessment tools is important. Growth charts are assessment tools measuring height/length, weight, head circumference and body mass index. Some commonly used growth charts are: WHO child growth chart standards They were developed using long-term assessment of children in Brazil, Ghana, India, Norway, Oman and the United States. The children studied had to live in homes where the infants were mainly breastfed until 12 months of age, had no maternal smoking and lived in socioeconomic conditions favorable to growth. Therefore they are considered standards for optimal growth for children. The WHO standards are currently the best charts available for children
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 20 August 2018Source: The Lancet HIVAuthor(s): Yohhei Hamada, Johnny Lujan, Karl Schenkel, Nathan Ford, Haileyesus GetahunSummaryBackgroundSince 2011, WHO recommends a four-symptom screening rule to exclude active tuberculosis in people living with HIV before starting tuberculosis preventive treatment (ie, absence of current cough, weight loss, night sweats, or fever). We assessed the sensitivity and specificity of the screening rule among people living with HIV based on antiretroviral therapy (ART) status and the added contribution of chest radiography.MethodsWe did a systematic review a...
Source: The Lancet HIV - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
In the future, a midwife could do an ultrasound of a high-risk pregnancy in the comfort of the mother’s home, a doctor with a backpack could examine entire refugee camps, or emergency services could diagnose trauma patients at an accident scene. It’s all possible with portable ultrasound machines. It’s peak technological performance. That’s why The Medical Futurist got thrilled when Philips sent us their Lumify system for testing. Check out our Philips Lumify portable ultrasound review below. Portable ultrasounds are the future Looking at the evolution of diagnostic devices, it becomes apparent that...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Future of Medicine Medical Professionals Patients Portable Diagnostics Telemedicine & Smartphones digital health Health 2.0 Innovation lumify philips review technology ultrasound Source Type: blogs
Immunotherapy is the indispensable part for melanoma. Polyethylenimine (PEI) is a kind of cationic polymer, which has shown great adjuvanticity in previous studies, possessing as both immunostimulant and antigen vehicle. However, its positive charge-related cytotoxicity limits its medical application. Here, we systematically quantified and balanced these two properties in a series of branched PEI. First, we found that only certain branched PEI has direct immunoactivation effects, and the cytotoxicity of proper intensity induced by branched PEI seems essential to its adjuvanticity.
Source: Journal of Investigative Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Innate Immunity, Microbiology, Inflammation Source Type: research
VXM01 is an orally-administered vaccine that elicits a systemic T-cell response targeting VEGFR-2. Here, Wolfgang Wick, MD, from the German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg, Germany, discusses the r... Author: VJOncology Added: 08/21/2018
Source: Oncology Tube - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: podcasts
ConclusionUS was found to be highly sensitive and specific in diagnosing, staging and predicting the outcome of NEC patients, based on group of findings that were categorized per their risk ratio and correlated with outcome.
Source: The Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
Speaking from the American Society of Oncology (ASCO) 2018 Annual Meeting, held in Chicago, IL, Wolfgang Wick, MD, of the German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg, Germany, discusses GAPVAC-101 (NCT0... Author: VJOncology Added: 08/21/2018
Source: Oncology Tube - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: podcasts
Conclusion: Both systolic pressure and diastolic pressure can be estimated using this novel noninvasive ultrasound-based method (systolic accuracy/precision: $-$ 2.36 mmHg/10.21 mmHg; diastolic accuracy/precision: $-$ 0.32/8.23 mmHg). Significance: The method occupies a clinical middle ground between the arteri- l catheter and cuff-based techniques. It has the potential to give accurate results for patients with hypertension and atherosclerosis.
Source: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering - Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research
As the key component of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) imaging systems, traditional commercial side-looking IVUS transducers are flat and unfocused, which limits their lateral resolution. We propose a PMN-PT single crystal IVUS transducer with a half-concave geometry. This unique configuration makes it possible to conduct geometric focusing at a desired depth. To compare performances, the proposed and the traditional flat transducer with similar dimensions were fabricated. We determined that the half-concave transducer has a slightly higher center frequency (35 MHz), significantly broader −6 dB bandwidth (...
Source: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering - Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research
Germinal centers (GCs) are major sites of clonal B cell expansion and generation of long-lived, high-affinity antibody responses to pathogens. Signaling through TLRs on B cells promotes many aspects of GC B cell responses, including affinity maturation, class switching, and differentiation into long-lived memory and plasma cells. A major challenge for effective vaccination is identifying strategies to specifically promote GC B cell responses. Here, we have identified a mechanism of regulation of GC B cell TLR signaling, mediated by αv integrins and noncanonical autophagy. Using B cell–specific αv-KO mice,...
Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
T cell–dependent germinal center (GC) reactions are the pinnacle of adaptive immune responses, with profound effects on human health and disease. It has long been known that ligands of an innate immune pattern recognition receptor subgroup, TLRs, amplify antibody responses; however, the mechanisms regulating this phenomenon are poorly understood. In this issue of the JCI, Raso et al. demonstrate that αvβ3 integrins regulate the magnitude and speed of TLR-augmented GC reactions, limiting both short- and long-term humoral immunity. This phenomenon is dependent on a noncanonical form of the autophagy pathway ...
Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
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