Comparison between maternal and neonatal outcome of PPROM in the cases of amniotic fluid index (AFI) of more and less than 5 cm.
Comparison between maternal and neonatal outcome of PPROM in the cases of amniotic fluid index (AFI) of more and less than 5 cm. J Obstet Gynaecol. 2018 Feb 09;:1-5 Authors: Mousavi AS, Hashemi N, Kashanian M, Sheikhansari N, Bordbar A, Parashi S Abstract The study was performed on pregnant women with a gestational age of 26-32 weeks of pregnancy, who had been admitted to the hospital with a confirmed diagnosis of premature rupture of membranes. In all eligible women, ultrasounds were performed for the evaluation of amniotic fluid index. Then, the women were divided into two groups according to amniotic fluid index of ≥5 cm and
By Mare Elston, Technical services manager, USAID Promote: Women in the Economy programFebruary 22, 2019Female clients often want care from female health workers, but they're in short supply.Communities across Afghanistan —especially the dispersed populations in rural areas—have long endured a lack of basic health services due to low numbers of trained health workers and chronic security issues. But this situation is improving.Today, a program to bolster women ’s inclusion in Afghanistan’s mainstream economy is also serving to fill high-priority needs in maternal and infant care, vaccination, skil...
DISCUSSION: The MA-consumption increases the risk for mother and child significantly during the pregnancy and delivery (pregnancy complications, premature delivery, increased rate of abortion, intrauterine death). A special attention must be taken for the young pregnant, non-working women without a partner who do not take the routine examinations in account or start having them late. PMID: 30786289 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Werlang A, Suen MWH, Singh S, Moretti F PMID: 30772314 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Introduction: Congenital anomalies occur more frequently in multiple pregnancies, particularly cardiac, central nervous system and genito-urinary malformations. Ultrasound is essential because it allows not only to diagnose malformations but also to screen chromosomal defects, given the lower sensitivity of maternal biochemistry in multiple pregnancy. Genito-urinary anomalies constitute about 20% of all congenital anomalies, most of them diagnosed in the prenatal period, around 16 –20 weeks.
Introduction: Galen vein aneurysm is the most common congenital arteriovenous (AV) malformation. It consists of an arteriovenous shunt dilating vascular bed. Brain structures of the posterior cranial fossa are often compressed by this dilatation. The most often manifestations are ischemic changes of neonatal brain as a stroke, steal phenomenon, hydrocephalus or heart failure.
Introduction: Many ectopic pregnancies are diagnosed with ultrasound features of adnexal mass or fluid in the pelvis. The absence of intrauterine pregnancy, especially with a B-hCG above the discriminatory level, can raise the level of suspicion. Pregnancy causes a choriodecidual reaction in the endometrium, producing the sonographic appearance of the echogenic trophoblastic endometrium, which could be, theoretically predictive of the location of pregnancy.
Introduction: The rate of pregnancy of unknown location (PUL) across early pregnancy units (EPUs) is variable, 8 –31%. An acceptable PUL standard of less than 15% of all pregnancy outcomes within EPUs using transvaginal ultrasound was recommended by an expert panel in 2006.
Introduction: Preterm delivery (PTD) is a major cause for neonatal morbidity and mortality. Strategies to prevent PTD were developed using risk factors, ultrasonographic examinations and cervical fluid biomarkers. Tissue elastography is a technique using ultrasound color doppler to evaluate the amount of fluids in the tissue. The higher the fluid content, the more tissue elasticity is found. This technique is used for breast and prostate pathologies, and recently was described for the prediction of PTD.
Introduction: An accurate estimation of fetal gestational age is the cornerstone for the management of all pregnancies, especially necessary for determining the fetal viability, involving obstetric interventions terminating pregnancies and assess and predict fetal outcome. Ultrasound gave clinicians a method to estimate gestational age, growth and accuracy by measuring fetal biometry . However, non-biometric parameters such as Transcerebellar diameter and foot length can be reliably used as surrogate parameters in those situations.
Introduction: HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection is the typical example of an emergent disease with an explosive pandemic evolution. HAART therapy (highly active antiretroviral therapy) dramatically influenced AIDS evolution, reducing the incidence of associated diseases and also its mortality.