Chinese researchers report first lung stem cell transplantation clinical trial

A research team from Tongji University in China have made a breakthrough in human lung regeneration technology. For the first time, researchers have regenerated patients' damaged lungs using autologous lung stem cell transplantation in a pilot clinical trial. The study can be found in the open access journal Protein &Cell which is published by Springer Nature.
Source: World Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Featured Research Research and Development Source Type: news

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This study provides a therapeutic strategy for targeting asthma inflammation.Graphical Abstract
Source: Stem Cell Reports - Category: Stem Cells Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 October 2018Source: Microvascular ResearchAuthor(s): Reza Rahbarghazi, Rana Keyhanmanesh, Mohammad Reza Aslani, Mehdi Hassanpour, Mahdi AhmadiAbstractObjectivesAlthough excitements related to stem cell therapeutic outcomes have been highlighted enormously in asthma, the vast majority of works were conducted by researchers in animal models. Elucidating the mechanisms underlying the therapeutic effects of MSCs in asthmatic rats will provide a rational basis for assuring maximal safety of future clinical application of stem cells. In the current study, we sought to investigate the possibl...
Source: Microvascular Research - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
This article, unfortunately paywalled, is interesting to note as a mark of the now increasingly energetic expansion of commercial efforts in longevity science. David Sinclair has been building a private equity company to work in many areas relevant to this present generation of commercial longevity science; while I'm not sold on his primary research interests as the basis for meaningful treatments for aging, he is diversifying considerably here, including into senolytics, the clearance of senescent cells demonstrated to produce rejuvenation in animal studies. This sort of approach to business mixes aspects of investing and...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Contributors : Stephen Dalton ; Thomas Colunga ; Miranda Hayworth ; Luoman Chen ; Kristopher L NazorSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing ; Genome binding/occupancy profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Homo sapiens ; Mus musculusMesothelium is a multipotent resident progenitor cell of the coelomic organs that functions in organogenesis, repair and possible regeneration. We used hESCs to generate mesothelium of the epithelial and mesenchymal forms. Mesenchymal derivatives of mesothelium have been previously reported to function in tissue repair by promoting and participating in angiog...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Genome binding/occupancy profiling by high throughput sequencing Homo sapiens Mus musculus Source Type: research
Publication date: 1 November 2018Source: Life Sciences, Volume 212Author(s): Rana Keyhanmanesh, Reza Rahbarghazi, Mohammad Reza Aslani, Mehdi Hassanpour, Mahdi AhmadiAbstractAimsWith respect to recent advantage in stem cell application, given the concern reported previously after stem cell transplantation, mesenchymal stem cell-derived conditioned media (MSC-CM) could be a potential approach to guarantee more safety and efficient outcomes than the current stem cell–based regenerative therapies.Main methodsMale rats were assigned into four experimental groups (n = 6); healthy rats (C group), OVA sensitized rats (S...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Purpose of review To provide an overview of recently published work on autologous hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT) in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). Recent findings Superiority of HSCT vs. intravenous cyclophosphamide pulses was demonstrated in the randomized controlled American Scleroderma: Cyclophosphamide or Transplantation (SCOT) Trial (n = 75), supporting the results from earlier studies. In the SCOT Trial, total body irradiation was used instead of the nonmyeloablative regimens used in other trials, and considered well tolerated during a follow-up time of 4.5 years. Three small uncontr...
Source: Current Opinion in Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: RAYNAUD PHENOMENON, SCLERODERMA, OVERLAP SYNDROMES AND OTHER FIBROSING SYNDROMES: Edited by John Varga Source Type: research
The objective of this review is to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies assessing the prevalence of latent TB infection (LTBI) in transplant candidates.MethodsElectronic databases, including MEDLINE (via PubMed), SCOPUS were searched until 30 June 2017. The prevalence of LTBI was estimated using the random effects meta-analysis. Heterogeneity was evaluated by subgroup analysis. Data were analyzed by STATA version 14.ResultsThe pooled prevalence of LTBI based on tuberculin skin test (TST) in different transplant types was as follows: liver 24% (14%–33%, 95% CI), lung 22% (18%–26%), renal 21% ...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
The human gut microbiota gained tremendous importance in the last decade as next-generation technologies of sequencing and multiomics analyses linked the role of the microbial communities to host physiology and pathophysiology. A growing number of human pathologies and diseases are linked to the gut microbiota. One of the main mechanisms by which the microbiota influences the host is through its interactions with the host immune system. These interactions with both innate and adaptive host intestinal and extraintestinal immunity, although usually commensalistic even mutualistic with the host, in some cases lead to serious ...
Source: Journal of Innate Immunity - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Authors: Kawai H, Tsujigiwa H, Siar CH, Nakano K, Takabatake K, Fujii M, Hamada M, Tamamura R, Nagatsuka H Abstract Background: The tumor microenvironment and its stromal cells play an important role in cancer development and metastasis. Bone marrow-derived cells (BMDCs), a rich source of hematopoietic and mesenchymal stem cells, putatively contribute to this tumoral stroma. However their characteristics and roles within the tumor microenvironment are unclear. In the present study, BMDCs in the tumor microenvironment were traced using the green fluorescent protein (GFP) bone marrow transplantation model. Methods: C...
Source: International Journal of Medical Sciences - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Int J Med Sci Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Mucormycosis has a high mortality rate, especially the pulmonary forms. Musculoskeletal involvement had a better prognosis. The main group at risk was that of patients with haematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Combination therapy had better results than monotherapy, although more experience is needed to define the most appropriate treatment. PMID: 30274955 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revista Iberoamericana de Micologia - Category: Biology Authors: Tags: Rev Iberoam Micol Source Type: research
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