Chinese researchers report first lung stem cell transplantation clinical trial

A research team from Tongji University in China have made a breakthrough in human lung regeneration technology. For the first time, researchers have regenerated patients' damaged lungs using autologous lung stem cell transplantation in a pilot clinical trial. The study can be found in the open access journal Protein &Cell which is published by Springer Nature.
Source: World Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Featured Research Research and Development Source Type: news

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Histopathology, EarlyView.
Source: Histopathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Source Type: research
We present two siblings with PRKDC (Protein Kinase, DNA-Activated, Catalytic Polypeptide) mutation who presented with granulomatous skin lesions and recurrent lung infections. Primary immune deficiencies may initially present with skin findings. Disruption in central and peripheral B-cell tolerance and impaired intrathymic T-cell maturation,a central player in T-cell tolerance, have been identified as the mechanism of autoimmunity and granuloma seen in patients. The variation in clinical phenotypes of patients with PRKDC mutation suggests that additional factors such as modifying genes, epigenetic and environmental factors...
Source: Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Clin Immunol Source Type: research
We report that the disruption of excitation-contraction coupling contributes to impaired force generation in the mouse model of Sod1 deficiency. Briefly, we found a significant reduction in sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase (SERCA) activity as well as reduced expression of proteins involved in calcium release and force generation. Another potential factor involved in EC uncoupling in Sod1-/- mice is oxidative damage to proteins involved in the contractile response. In summary, this study provides strong support for the coupling between increased oxidative stress and disruption of cellular excitation contraction mac...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
With the development of medical technology, transplantation has prevailed and become an important tool in the treatment of disease. According to the WHO ’s statistics, as of 2015, approximately 120000 cases of solid organ transplantation have been performed globally. Renal transplantation is the most common, followed by liver transplantation, heart transplantation, lung transplantation, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, etc. [1]. And, in re cipients of transplantation, seizures usually occur during the postoperative period [2,3].
Source: Seizure: European Journal of Epilepsy - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 August 2018Source: Stem Cell ReportsAuthor(s): Adele Mucci, Elena Lopez-Rodriguez, Miriam Hetzel, Serena Liu, Takuji Suzuki, Christine Happle, Mania Ackermann, Henning Kempf, Roman Hillje, Jessica Kunkiel, Ewa Janosz, Sebastian Brennig, Silke Glage, Jens P. Bankstahl, Sabine Dettmer, Thomas Rodt, Gudrun Gohring, Bruce Trapnell, Gesine Hansen, Cole TrapnellSummaryInduced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived hematopoietic cells represent a highly attractive source for cell and gene therapy. Given the longevity, plasticity, and self-renewal potential of distinct macrophage subpopulations, ...
Source: Stem Cell Reports - Category: Stem Cells Source Type: research
Authors: Hosseinirad H, Rashidi M, Moghaddam MM, Tebyanian H, Nouraei S, Mirhosseini SA, Rasouli M, Habibian S Abstract The respiratory system is a complex group of organs in the human body, all of which are necessary in breathing. Due to its special anatomy and composition, after exposure to various damaging factors such as micro particles, carbon granules and toxic gases, the respiratory system can be affected by a variety of damage without return to its original state. Currently, the prevalence of lung diseases, including asthma, and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, such as emphysema, has increased remark...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research
AbstractAchieving the optimal clinical outcome of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is particularly dependent on fundamental understanding of therapeutic mechanisms. The current study was focused on the possible mechanisms by which rat bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (rBMMSCs) and/or conditioned media (CM) display broad immunomodulatory properties for ameliorating of asthma-related pathological changes. Male rats were divided equally into four experimental groups (n = 6): healthy rats received 50 μl PBS intravenously (group C), sensitized rats received 50 μl PBS intravenously (group OVA...
Source: Inflammation - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
On August 3, 2018 FDA warned that the antibiotic azithromycin (brand name Zithromax, Zmax) should not be given long-term to prevent a certain inflammatory lung condition in patients with cancers of the blood or lymph nodes who undergo a donor stem cell transplant.
Source: FDA Drug Safety Podcasts - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Source Type: podcasts
Curry J, Featherston S, Foglesong J, Shoberu B, Gulbis A, Mireles ME, Hafemeister L, Nguyen C, Kapoor N, Rezvani K, Neelapu SS, Shpall EJ, Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and Sepsis Investigators (PALISI) Network Abstract In 2017, an autologous chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapy indicated for children and young adults with relapsed and/or refractory CD19+ acute lymphoblastic leukaemia became the first gene therapy to be approved in the USA. This innovative form of cellular immunotherapy has been associated with remarkable response rates but is also associated with unique and often severe toxicities, which ...
Source: Clinical Lymphoma and Myeloma - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Nat Rev Clin Oncol Source Type: research
Management guidelines for paediatric patients receiving chimeric antigen receptor T cell therapy, Published online: 06 August 2018; doi:10.1038/s41571-018-0075-2Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapies have impressive activity in the treatment of cancer but are associated with potentially fatal toxicities. In light of the approval of CAR T cell therapy for paediatric patients, a panel of experts from the Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT) Subgroup of the Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and Sepsis Investigators (PALISI) Network, the CAR T Cell Therapy-Associated Toxicity (CARTOX) Program at The University of...
Source: Nature Reviews Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
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