Molecular survey on the occurrence of arthropod-borne pathogens in wild brown hares (Lepus europaeus) from Central Italy.
Molecular survey on the occurrence of arthropod-borne pathogens in wild brown hares (Lepus europaeus) from Central Italy. Infect Genet Evol. 2018 Feb 05;: Authors: Rocchigiani G, Ebani VV, Nardoni S, Bertelloni F, Bascherini A, Leoni A, Mancianti F, Poli A Abstract Data about the spreading of arthropod-borne pathogens among hare populations are very scant, so the aim of the present preliminary study was to investigate, through molecular analysis, the occurrence of Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Bartonella sp., Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, Coxiella burnetii, Francisella tularensis, Leishmania spp. and piroplasms DNA in blood of 51 wild hares (Lepus europaeus) living in protected areas in Tuscany. All hares resulted negative for A. phagocytophilum, Bartonella sp., B. burgdorferi s.l., C. burnetii and F. tularensis. Five animals (9.8%) were positive for Leishmania and one hare (1.9%) tested positive for piroplasms. Sequencing of this sample showed a piroplasm similar to one Babesia isolate from the same animal species in Turkey. Therefore, to the best of our knowledge, this is the first molecular report of piroplasms occurring in wild hares from Italy, and the second worldwide. The examined hares appeared to be in good health status, corroborating the hypothesis of a chronic carrier state of some vector borne agents for this animal species. PMID: 29421225 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: 1 November 2020Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, Volume 402Author(s): Leonid Yu. Mironov, Anna V. Shurukhina, Maxim N. Krivchun, Peter S. Parfenov, Maxim K. Rabchinskii, Ilya E. Kolesnikov, Zarina M. Efimenko, Mikhail A. Baranov
Publication date: Available online 6 August 2020Source: Journal of CatalysisAuthor(s): M. Olga Guerrero-Pérez, Alan J. McCue, James A. Anderson
CONCLUSION: We report a varying distribution of PTB in small and different areas over 10 years. Spatial and temporal analysis of disease distribution can be used to identify areas with a high burden of disease and predictors of clustering, which helps in making policy decisions and devising targeted interventions. PMID: 32746745 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Baek J, Jung SJ, Shim JS, Jeon YW, Seo E, Kim HC Abstract OBJECTIVES: We compared the associations of 3 computed tomography (CT)-based abdominal adiposity indexes with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) among middle-aged Korean men and women. METHODS: The participants were 1366 men and 2480 women community-dwellers aged 30-64 years. Three abdominal adiposity indexes-visceral fat area (VFA), subcutaneous fat area (SFA), and visceral-to-subcutaneous fat ratio (VSR)-were calculated from abdominal CT scans. NAFLD was determined by calculating the Liver Fat Score from comorbidities and blood tests. A...
CrystEngComm, 2020, Accepted Manuscript DOI: 10.1039/D0CE00986E, CommunicationJannick Benecke, Erik Svensson Grape, Tobias Engesser, Andrew Ken Inge, Helge Reinsch Electron and powder diffraction were combined to elucidate the structure of the new coordination polymer [Sc2(FcDC)3] based on 1,1 ’-ferrocenedicarboxylate (FcDC2-), denoted as CAU-50. Remarkably, three different conformers of the very... The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
Publication date: 8 August 2020Source: New Scientist, Volume 247, Issue 3294Author(s): Alice Klein
Timber rattlesnakes, which are a species of conservation concern and threatened or endangered in many states in the U.S., play an important role in the ecosystem and are associated with decreased levels of Lyme disease. [Research supported by a U.S. National Science Foundation Graduate Research ...This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item.
Publication date: 5 February 2021Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 403Author(s): Necla Pehlivan, Kenan Gedik, Rengin Eltem, Ertugrul Terzi
We present case studies on the role of rodents in the cycles of Bartonella spp., of wild ungulates in the cycle of Babesia spp., and of various wildlife species in the life cycle of Leishmania infantum, Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Rickettsia spp. These examples highlight the usefulness of surveillance strategies focused on neglected zoonotic agents in wildlife as a source of valuable information for health professionals, nature managers and (local) decision-makers. These benefits could be further enhanced by increased collaboration between researchers and stakeholders across Europe and a more harmonised and coordinated a...
This study reveals disparate results in terms of dog exposure to fleas and ticks in the studied communities, which may be related to factors such as the owners’ capability/willingness to afford the use of ectoparasiticides on their dogs and level of restriction. Further research is needed to establish the relationship between dog owners’ socioeconomic situation and the level of exposure to ectoparasites and their transmitted pathogens.