Lab notes: Cheddar Man and Falcon X – not a crimefighting duo, but this week in science!

Where to even begin this week? Could it be with the news thathuman eggs have been developed in the lab for the first time? Or that researchers think they may have spotted a link between asparagine – a compound found in asparagus and other foods – and thespread of breast cancer? Maybe thatarchaeologists have discovered an exciting new Neolithic monument in Windsor? All of those things are certainly exciting, but really the two most thrilling stories this week are certainly Cheddar Man and Falcon Heavy: not a crimefighting duo but an exciting double-header of science and archaeology. Cheddar Man is Britain ’s oldest complete skeleton, and agroundbreaking analysis of his 10,000-year-old DNA has revealed that he had blue eyes, dark skin and dark curly hair, rather than the pale skin and fair hair that had always been assumed. By contrast, the incredible technological leap that has been made with thelaunch of Elon Musk ’s giant SpaceX rocket, and the safe return to Earth of at least two of three reusable rockets, promises a new new chapter in humankind ’s existence.Continue reading...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Science Source Type: news

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ConclusionThe prescription of compression garments for lymphoedema is highly varied and may be due to lack of underpinning evidence to inform treatment.
Source: Supportive Care in Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundSurgical procedure for breast cancer is not without its side effects and one such side effect is axillary web syndrome (AWS), characterized by palpable fibrotic-like cords in the operated arm. As physical evaluation is the only gold standard method used, our study aims to assess the incidence and early detection of AWS with a self-assessment questionnaire.MethodsFrom July 2013 to July 2014, 370 breast cancer patients were enrolled. AWS incidence was 51.1%, with 94.1% onset in the first 4  weeks after surgery; 43.5% of the patients did not recover in the first 8 weeks. Univariate analysis showed that BMI (P 
Source: Supportive Care in Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Ovarian stimulation for IVF and risk of primary breast cancer in BRCA1/2 mutation carriers, Published online: 25 June 2018; doi:10.1038/s41416-018-0139-1Ovarian stimulation for IVF and risk of primary breast cancer in BRCA1/2 mutation carriers
Source: British Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
Interaction of WBP2 with ERα increases doxorubicin resistance of breast cancer cells by modulating MDR1 transcriptionInteraction of WBP2 with ERα increases doxorubicin resistance of breast cancer cells by modulating MDR1 transcription, Published online: 25 June 2018; doi:10.1038/s41416-018-0119-5Interaction of WBP2 with ERα increases doxorubicin resistance of breast cancer cells by modulating MDR1 transcription
Source: British Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: TRAM flap reconstruction after mastectomy is an appropriate way to improve the patient’s postoperative physical appearance. The results of this study indicated that TRAM flap reconstruction after mastectomy is safe, with an acceptably low number of complications and can be performed by a single surgeon in conjunction with a mastectomy procedure; furthermore, the majority of patients were satisfied with their reconstructed breast. PMID: 29927563 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research
Authors: Lokejareonlarb S, Chamalerk P Abstract Background: Latissimus Dorsi flap (LD flap) has been used since the eighteenth century to cover large chest wall defects after total mastectomy and is thought to be superior to split thickness skin graft in terms of both cosmetic results and functionality. The outcomes and complications resulting from the use of LD flap reconstruction for large breast cancer are not well documented in Thailand. Objective: To describe a technique using the Latissimus Dorsi musculocutaneous flap for breast reconstruction. The outcomes, complications and length of stay after operatio...
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research
Authors: Laohavinij S, Paul V, Maneenil K Abstract Background: Prognostic factors for survival of metastatic breast cancer (MBC) patients are important for identifying risks and deciding on patient treatment; however, few studies of prognostic factors in MBC have been performed in Thailand. Objective: To determine the survival duration and prognostic factors for overall survival in metastatic breast cancer. Material and Method: This retrospective cohort study was conducted by reviewing 232 files of MBC patients treated in the Oncology Unit, Department of Medicine, Rajavithi Hospital from January 1st 2005 to...
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research
Authors: Marinovich ML, Macaskill P, Bernardi D, Houssami N Abstract Introduction Tomosynthesis is proposed to improve breast cancer assessment and staging as a complementary role to its detection capability. We examine the accuracy of tomosynthesis in measuring tumor size relative to pathology and compared with other tests. Areas covered A systematic literature search identified studies of tomosynthesis in estimating the size of newly-diagnosed breast cancers. Descriptive analyses were performed due to heterogeneity in patients, technology and methods between studies. Eight studies were eligible (678 patients). Me...
Source: Expert Review of Medical Devices - Category: Medical Devices Tags: Expert Rev Med Devices Source Type: research
Conclusion In the current analysis residual disease in simultaneous additional excisions was associated with an increased risk for IBTR despite negative final margin status. This should be considered in the overall therapeutic concept.
Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology (EJSO) - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Conclusion These results indicate that icariin is likely to be a candidate for bone-related disease treatment and that icariin provides insights into the molecular mechanisms that influence RANKL-induced osteoclast differentiation. Graphical abstract
Source: Phytomedicine - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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