Congenital hypofibrinogenemia in pregnancy: a report of 11 cases
To investigate the obstetrical outcomes and plasma concentrations of fibrinogen (FIB) in patients with congenital hypofibrinogenemia in pregnancy, 11 cases with hypofibrinogenemia in pregnancy were analyzed retrospectively. The demographic database, bleeding tendency, plasma levels of FIB throughout pregnancy, peripartum management, as well as, maternal and neonatal outcomes were assessed. FIB levels in our patients remained relatively stable throughout the pregnancy. The mean FIB levels during the three trimesters of pregnancy were 75.7 ± 43.9 (25–148), 67.6 ± 33.7 (22–146), and 77.9 ± 29.2 (32–148) mg/dl, respectively. Twelve full-term deliveries were achieved using FIB replacement therapy only on the group of labor or cesarean deliveries. The postpartum courses were unremarkable without hemorrhagic or thrombotic complications. Five out of twelve neonates were diagnosed with low levels of FIB in 6 weeks after birth. The pregnancies were uneventful with no signs of bleeding in these congenital hypofibrinogenemia women. Vaginal delivery, instead of cesarean section, may be the superior choice. Successful maternal and neonatal outcomes could be achieved by accurate monitoring of the FIB levels and adequate supportive therapy.
CONCLUSION: This study proposed alternate IVF adjustment factors that will produce more accurate screening results within the population of Ontario. PMID: 30539731 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSION: Since the government of Ontario began funding IVF and ICSI cycles, more patients are accessing treatment, many for the first time. The clinical pregnancy rate was maintained, whereas multiple gestations were significantly reduced. These findings support the benefit of single embryo transfer in the context of funded IVF and ICSI and demonstrate the importance of government-funded assisted reproductive technology. PMID: 30528839 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSION: A literature search found 22 cases through PubMed and Ovid, with key words "amyotrophic lateral sclerosis" and "pregnancy." Both slow progression and rapid progression of ALS during pregnancy have been reported. Worsening of symptoms seems to be common, but little is still known about the influence of pregnancy on ALS onset and progression. PMID: 30528837 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSION: Observational studies suggest some degree of association between serum hormones measured in pregnancy and a woman's future risk of breast and ovarian cancer. More data are needed to determine sufficiently whether certain blood hormone levels measured in pregnancy are predictive of future cancer risk. PMID: 30528445 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionDysfibrinogenemia patients without personal or family history of bleeding and thromboembolic events, do not need specific therapeutic intervention.
ConclusionThe results of this initiative should help clinicians in the difficult management of patients with congenital fibrinogen disorders.
Publication date: June–July 2016 Source:Medicina Intensiva (English Edition), Volume 40, Issue 5 Author(s): E. Guasch, F. Gilsanz Massive obstetric hemorrhage is a major cause of maternal mortality and morbidity worldwide. It is defined (among others) as the loss of >2500ml of blood, and is associated to a need for admission to critical care and/or hysterectomy. The relative hemodilution and high cardiac output found in normal pregnancy allows substantial bleeding before a drop in hemoglobin and/or hematocrit can be identified. Some comorbidities associated with pregnancy can contribute to the occurrence of ca...
We present a case of mild FXIII deficiency and concurrent hypofibrinogenemia manifested by recurrent postpartum hemorrhage, menorrhagia, and miscarriage. Mutational analysis identified a previously unreported heterozygous mutation of the FXIIIA subunit (p.Trp315Arg). No mutation was noted in the fibrinogen gene. FXIII levels decreased approximately 50% from nonpregnant levels to their nadir during labor, whereas fibrinogen levels rose approximately 1.5-fold from decreased nonpregnant levels to their peak at the time of labor. This case illustrates the course of mild FXIII and fibrinogen deficiencies during pregnancy, labor...
Semin Thromb HemostDOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1571339Congenital fibrinogen disorders are rare diseases affecting either the quantity (afibrinogenemia and hypofibrinogenemia) or the quality (dysfibrinogenemia) or both (hypodysfibrinogenemia) of plasmatic fibrinogen. Afibrinogenemia is often diagnosed at birth following prolonged umbilical cord bleeding and is characterized by spontaneous bleeding in all tissues, while hypofibrinogenemic patients are more often asymptomatic. Spontaneous spleen ruptures, painful bone cysts, cardiovascular events, and intrahepatic inclusions can complicate the clinical course of patients with quantit...
Conclusions Simultaneous determination of fibrinogen concentrations using the Clauss method, prothrombin time-derived method, and immunoturbidimetry as well as measurement of the thrombin time, reptilase time, prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time and so on can effectively distinguish dysfibrinogenemia from other diseases. Special treatment of asymptomatic dysfibrinogenemia is not needed during pregnancy or surgery in the absence of bleeding or thrombotic events in the patient's personal or family history.