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Patient participation in hand hygiene among health professionals.

CONCLUSION: HPs showed limited knowledge about HH, opposing recommendations on the topic. The contradiction between the HPs acceptance and attitude when questioned by the patient regarding HH was revealed, reflecting a lack of knowledge about the WHO program and the need to implement educational practices in health. PMID: 29412281 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Rev Bras Enferm Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: Adiponectin but not resistin levels were associated with intensity of liver dysfunction and worse prognosis in patients with alcoholic liver disease, suggesting a potential as a prognostic biomarker. PMID: 29469045 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Annals of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Ann Hepatol Source Type: research
This study focuses on two outstanding psychiatrists: the Frenchman Valentin Magnan (1835-1916) and the Russian Sergey Korsakov (1854-1900). Their international renown is primarily associated with their investigations into health consequences of alcohol consumption; they were pioneers in this field, and happened to know each other well. The similarities and differences are shown in social and scientific approaches adopted by these two scientists. In his work, Magnan focused mainly on absinthe and epilepsy; he considered alcoholism to be a hereditary mental disorder. Korsakov, after a period of work in Paris under Magna...
Source: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences - Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Hist Neurosci Source Type: research
The objective of this investigation is to evaluate the association between hospital-level ICU admission practices and clinically important outcomes for patients with isolated traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage and mild clinical traumatic brain injury. Design: Multicenter observational cohort. Setting: Trauma centers participating in the American College of Surgeons Trauma Quality Improvement Program spanning January 2012 to March 2014. Patients: A total of 14,146 subjects, 16 years old and older, admitted to 215 trauma centers with isolated traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage and Glasgow Coma Scale score 13 or greate...
Source: Critical Care Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Neurologic Critical Care Source Type: research
The objective of this study is to determine whether concomitant benzodiazepine-opioid use increases the incidence of adverse outcomes above the baseline risk of nonacute opioid-only use. The dataset contained all veterans who filled at least 1 opioid prescription during the years 2008 to 2012. Nonacute opioid use was defined as having opioid prescriptions greater than or equal to 20 days within a 60-day period. Concomitant use was defined as having opioid and benzodiazepine prescriptions that overlapped for at least 7 days. Nonacute opioid-only users were matched to concomitant opioid-benzodiazepine users based on propensi...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
This study looked specifically at the effect of alcohol use disorders, and included people who had been diagnosed with mental and behavioural disorders or chronic diseases that were attributable to chronic harmful use of alcohol.Of the 57,000 cases of early-onset dementia (before the age of 65), the majority (57%) were related to chronic heavy drinking.What is the Difference Between Alzheimer ’s and DementiaSubscribe to the Alzheimer's Reading - This is a Free Service - Join NowLargest study of its kind finds alcohol use biggest risk factor for dementiaOf the 57,000 cases of early-onset dementia (before the age of 65...
Source: Alzheimer's Reading Room, The - Category: Neurology Tags: alcohol dementia alcohol disorder Alzheimers Dementia chocoholic abuse chronic alcohol abuse dementia care dementia risk early onset dementia Source Type: blogs
I have commented before on the falling life expectancy in the United States, following two decades during which gains lagged those in the other wealthy countries.I previously linked to this editorial in BMJ by two Americans, and I emphasized their discussion of the opioid epidemic, alcohol abuse and suicide as key factors in the recent decline. I put less emphasis on life expectancy in the U.S. falling behind in the longer term.While the U.S. is among the wealthiest countries, it has a higher poverty rate than most others, and provides far less in the way of basic family support, educational opportunity, and health care ac...
Source: Stayin' Alive - Category: American Health Source Type: blogs
This study adds to the growing body of evidence suggesting varenicline to be well tolerated in those with active substance use disorders,” wrote A. Eden Evans, M.D., Ph.D., and John F. Kelly, Ph.D., both of the Center for Addiction Medicine at Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School., in anaccompanying editorial inJAMA Psychiatry. “These findings highlight the importance of the National Institutes of Health’s emphasis on systematically evaluating sex or gender in treatment effects and add to the converging evidence of the need for more specific and targeted treatments for women and men.&...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: A. Eden Evans alcohol AUD heavy drinking JAMA Psychiatry John Kelly NIH sex differences smoking cessation Stephanie O'Malley varenicline Source Type: research
J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, Accepted Manuscript DOI: 10.1039/C7TA10575D, CommunicationGiuseppe Bagnato, Alberto Figoli, Claudia Ursino, Francesco Galiano, Aimaro Sanna A novel catalytic membrane has been synthesised, characterised and evaluated for the selective hydrogenation of furfural to furfuryl alcohol. Unlike conventional methods, involving high pressure and high H2:feed ratios, this... The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
Source: RSC - J. Mater. Chem. latest articles - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Substance use contributes to motor vehicle crashes, the leading cause of death among young adults. The current qualitative study examined perceptions of the acceptability and harms associated with driving after marijuana versus alcoh...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Background Reports indicate a geographic effect of socioeconomic inequalities on the occurrence of opioid-related fatal overdoses. We aim to (1) estimate the rates of opioid-related overdoses, (2) estimate the association of benzodiazepine co-ingestion wit...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
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