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Calf circumference: clinical validation for evaluation of muscle mass in the elderly.

CONCLUSION: CC can be used as a measure for early identification of muscle mass decrease in routine evaluations of the elderly in primary care. PMID: 29412289 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Rev Bras Enferm Source Type: research

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Conclusion: More body fat and abdominal fat, more abdominal body fat distribution, more left ventricular mass, and increased left atrial size were all associated with higher levels of galectin-3. Increase in total body fat over 2  years was also associated with higher levels of galectin-3.What is Known:•Galectin-3 has been linked to obesity and been proposed to be a novel biomarker for cardiovascular disease in adults.•Information on this subject in children is very scarce.What is New:•The present study demonstrates a relationship between galectin-3 levels and total body fat, abdominal fat, body fat dis...
Source: European Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
ConclusionsWhen assessing TBLH-BMC for LBM in children and adults, the effects of age, gender, body fat, and body height should be addressed. These effects were analyzed for the first time in such a large cohort.
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Conclusion: Two years of rhIGF-1 improved growth, with a tendency to improve bone mass and bone microstructure and to modulate body composition.Horm Res Paediatr
Source: Hormone Research in Paediatrics - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Dermatologists need to be aware of the detrimental effects of high-dose intravenous pulsed glucocorticoids on bone mineral density and assessment of this parameter should be done before the initiation of therapy and also at regular intervals thereafter. During follow up, either the lumbar spine or the head of radius can be used to assess the osteopenic effect of intravenous pulse steroids, whereas the lumbar spine is a better site for this evaluation in patients on oral steroids.
Source: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsGreater adherence to a Prudent dietary pattern may attenuate total hip BMD loss (% ΔBMD) in older men.
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Abstract Osteoporosis and associated fractures are common in women after midlife and will increase as the population ages. Osteoporosis-related fractures cause a significant increase in morbidity and mortality. Osteoporosis decreases the quality of life and productivity of many older women, with an increasing burden on health-care resources. Future risk of fracture can be managed by evidence-based interventions. It is thus appropriate to estimate the future risk of fracture in all women at the age of 50 years or at menopause, whichever occurs first. This can be achieved in a non-invasive fashion by targeted...
Source: Climacteric - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Climacteric Source Type: research
ConclusionWhile men conceived by ICSI, but not women, had a higher peripheral fat deposition, body fat distribution as well as mean levels of adipocytokines were not affected by the mode of conception.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Clinical Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Conclusion bone loss and fragility fracture are frequent in RA and related to disease severity, function impairment and corticosteroids use.
Source: The Egyptian Rheumatologist - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
Conclusions: We report for the first time a negative association between the testicular hormone INSL3 and the osteocytic negative regulator of bone formation, sclerostin. We further explored this association in vitro, and showed that INSL3 was able to reduce sclerostin expression. These results add further knowledge on the emerging role of sclerostin as a therapeutic target for osteoporosis treatment. PMID: 29452406 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: J Clin Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research
This study investigated the relationship between muscle and bone status in elderly individuals. Our results suggested links between sarcopenia and osteoporosis; impairment in muscle status (i.e., muscle mass, muscle strength, and physical performance) is associated with deterioration in bone mass and texture subsequently leading to an increased risk of fracture.IntroductionAccumulating evidence has shown associations between sarcopenia and osteoporosis, but existing studies face inconsistencies in the clinical definition of both conditions. Thus, we sought to investigate bone health among older individuals with or without ...
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
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