Calf circumference: clinical validation for evaluation of muscle mass in the elderly.

CONCLUSION: CC can be used as a measure for early identification of muscle mass decrease in routine evaluations of the elderly in primary care. PMID: 29412289 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Rev Bras Enferm Source Type: research

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Conclusions In this population of young female athletes with suitable energy availability, sclerostin and inflammation markers responded to fluctuations in training load, whereas BMD and bone mineral content were stable during the season, suggesting that training load periodization is not harmful for the bone health in athletes.
Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Applied Sciences Source Type: research
Conclusion In conclusion, the results suggest that VAT was selectively and negatively related with cognition among children with obesity. Along with the dangerous metabolic nature of VAT, its detrimental relationship with obese children’s intellectual and cognitive functioning is concerning.
Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Applied Sciences Source Type: research
Conclusions There is a high prevalence of fat-soluble vitamin deficiencies, osteopathy, and malnutrition in CP patients, which is underestimated due to a lack of effective diagnosis and suboptimal therapies for EPI.
Source: Pancreas - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
The objective of this prospective, randomized study was to evaluate differences in periprosthetic bone mineral density changes in the proximal femur after implantation of a cementless bone preserving stem (Fitmore) compared to a cementless straight stem (CLS Spotorno). Methodology: Periprosthetic bone mineral density was measured in 140 patients (aged 33 –74 yr) before surgery, 7 d, 3, 12, and 60 mo postoperatively, using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. The 1-yr results have already been published.
Source: Journal of Clinical Densitometry - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Dexmedetomidine pretreatment inhibits cerebral ischemia/reperfusion‑induced neuroinflammation via activation of AMPK. Mol Med Rep. 2018 Aug 03;: Authors: Wang Z, Zhou W, Dong H, Ma X, He Z Abstract Focal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury induced cerebral inflammation, aggravates brain damage. The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective mechanisms of dexmedetomidine (DEX) on I/R brain injury in rats. Sprague‑Dawley rats were divided to seven experimental groups (18 rats/group): Sham surgery; middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) surgery (90 min); DEX10 [10 µg/kg ...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
Interference from metal hardware (piercings; buttons on clothing; and ingested material, e.g. barium) is well documented in bone health assessments by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). It is unknown if iron in hepatic tissue of highly iron-loaded patients could be mistakenly assessed by DXA as bone, and if this would lead to increased areal bone mineral density (aBMD) lumbar spine Z-scores derived by DXA. Our hypothesis is that iron in the liver of heavily loaded patients will artificially raise aBMD in the spine, and thereby lead to an error in the DXA scan.
Source: Journal of Clinical Densitometry - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Authors: Hendrickson NR, Pickhardt PJ, Del Rio AM, Rosas HG, Anderson PA Abstract Background: Clinical computed tomography (CT) studies performed for other indications can be used to opportunistically assess vertebral bone without additional radiation or cost. Reference values for young women are needed to evaluate diagnostic accuracy and track changes in CT bone mineral density values across the lifespan. The purpose of this study was to determine reference values for lumbar trabecular CT attenuation (Hounsfield units [HU]) and determine the diagnostic accuracy of HU T-scores (T-scoreHU) for identifying individual...
Source: Iowa orthopaedic journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Iowa Orthop J Source Type: research
Background: Obesity alters adipose tissue immunology, and these changes may be reflected in circulating soluble inflammatory biomarker and T-cell subset profiles measured in HIV research studies. Methods: We recruited 70 adults with HIV (50% obese) on efavirenz, tenofovir, and emtricitabine, virologic suppression for>2 years, and no rheumatologic or other known inflammatory conditions. We measured fasting plasma levels of several markers of innate immunity and major CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell subsets. We assessed relationships between measurements of total adiposity [body mass index (BMI), dual-energy X-ray absorptiometr...
Source: JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Translational Research Source Type: research
Introduction: The aims of this study were to (1) assess the bone mineral density (BMD) around the knee joint, (2) determine the correlation between central and knee BMDs, and (3) investigate the factors associated with BMD around the knee joint in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Methodology: This cross-sectional study included 122 patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty. Central and knee dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was performed preoperatively. BMD at 6 regions of interest (ROIs) around the knee joint were measured, and their correlations with central BMD were determined using Spearman's correlation analysis.
Source: Journal of Clinical Densitometry - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 August 2018Source: HOMOAuthor(s): Anna Kopiczko, Karol Gryko, Monika Łopuszańska-DawidAbstractThe human skeleton undergoes constant changes encompassing the phases of growth, consolidation and involution of the bone tissue. The aim of the research was to assess the relationship between bone mineral density (BMD) and such factors as hand grip strength, somatic structure or attitudes to tobacco smoking in men with different levels of physical activity.The study included 172 males aged 20-30 years. Mineral density and forearm bone mass were measured using the dual-energy X-ray absorptio...
Source: HOMO Journal of Comparative Human Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
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