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Practice of use of diapers in hospitalized adults and elderly: cross-sectional study.

CONCLUSION: the use of diapers did not have specific criteria to be selected. For this, it was proposed an "Evaluation Scale of Diapers Use in Adults", as for indication as for its monitoring to help the study transposal for the nursing practice. PMID: 29412292 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Rev Bras Enferm Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: Half of the older adults with VHD developed HAD. The results indicate a potential association between HAD and care processes, which could be used as quality measures and intervention targets. Validation in larger cohort studies is recommended. PMID: 29301463 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Cardiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Acta Cardiol Source Type: research
The WHO reports that one of the major chronic conditions affecting the elderly worldwide is musculoskeletal disorders that are associated with long-term pain and disability. Considering the healthcare needs of the elderly (i.e. comprehensive, accessible, efficient) and the advantages of ultrasound (US) use (patient-friendly, convenient, cost-effective, and does not require exposure to radiation or magnetic fields), there seems to be a ‘gap’ in the actual clinical practice. In this paper, we aimed to highlight the potential value of US imaging in the management of the elderly with a wide spectrum of musculoskele...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Review articles Source Type: research
Does the presence of pressure ulcers entail "high risk of negative outcomes" in geriatric rehabilitation? Results from a retrospective cohort study. Nutr Hosp. 2017 Nov 16;34(5):1305-1310 Authors: Tarazona-Santabalbina FJ, Mas MÀ, Santaeugènia SJ, Alventosa AM, García M, Monterde A, Gutiérrez A, Cunill J Abstract AIM: A retrospective cohort study was performed in order to evaluate the prevalence of pressure ulcers (PrUs) in older patients admitted to a geriatric rehabilitation unit of a postacute care hospital and to investigate the impact of the presence of PrUs ...
Source: Nutricion Hospitalaria - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Nutr Hosp Source Type: research
The WHO reports that one of the major chronic conditions affecting the elderly worldwide is musculoskeletal disorders that are associated with long-term pain and disability. Considering the healthcare needs of the elderly (i.e. comprehensive, accessible, efficient) and the advantages of ultrasound (US) use (patient-friendly, convenient, cost-effective, and does not require exposure to radiation or magnetic fields), there seems to be a ‘gap’ in the actual clinical practice. In this paper, we aimed to highlight the potential value of US imaging in the management of the elderly with a wide spectrum of musculoskele...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Review articles Source Type: research
Pressure ulcers form where bone causes the greatest force on the skin and tissue and squeezes them against an outside surface. This may be where bony parts of the body press against other body parts, a mattress, or a chair [1]. Wheelchair users or some patients with disabilities are at a high risk of developing pressure ulcers because of their limited mobility. Long-term lying or sitting with high interfacial pressure can result in pressure ulcers. Thus, different types of mattresses or cushions are designed to prevent pressure ulcers by increasing the contact area or reducing the interfacial pressure.
Source: Medical Engineering and Physics - Category: Biomedical Engineering Authors: Tags: Technical note Source Type: research
Abstract Pressure ulcer remains as a common problem, especially developed in disabled patients and hence, subjected to continuous pressure for prolonged periods of time. Most of the studies investigating the preventive and therapeutic approaches have focused on wound cleansing, dressing and supportive strategies , as well as pharmacological therapy including zinc sulphate, vitamin A or phenytoin. Despite such efforts, pressure ulcer continues to impair the life quality and expectancy. Thus involving in the paradigm shift in biomedical studies, the recent ones focus on biological signaling pathways involving nitric...
Source: Current Drug Discovery Technologies - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Drug Discov Technol Source Type: research
A five-year Medicaid waiver program that infused billions of dollars into public hospitals prompted significant improvements in health care to California ’s neediest population — the poor and uninsured, according to an extensiveevaluation by the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research.Seventeen designated public hospitals participated in the $3.3 billion “pay-for-performance” experiment, including five University of California hospital systems and 12 county‐owned-and‐operated hospital systems. Collectively, these facilities serve more than 2 million patients every year, including most of the stat...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
In this study, we hypothesized that cyclic compressive stimulation could strengthen muscle cells against compressive damage and enhance the cell plasma membrane resealing capability.
Source: Journal of Biomechanics - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Short-term arm aerobic exercise performed by patients with SCI improves their exercise capacities. These patients require longer rehabilitation programs to receive more benefits from aerobic exercise training. CLINICAL REHABILITATION IMPACT: Adding arm cranking exercise training to the rehabilitation program of patients with spinal cord injury demonstrated improved exercise capacity; however, further studies are needed to assess the effects of exercise training on other health issues. PMID: 27824234 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Eur J Phys Rehabil Med Source Type: research
Spinal cord injuries (SCI) are a frequent cause of disability and may result in the total or partial obstruction in the flow of both sensory and motor information below the level of the lesion [40]. In other words, the central nervous system (CNS) does not receive sensory feedback from body areas below the lesion level, and is unable to control muscles in these areas. Beside limited independence, individuals with paraplegia due to SCI face numerous medical problems, such as the loss of bone calcium, reduced bone density, urinary tract infections, spasticity, poor control of blood pressure, pressure sores, and/or muscular atrophy.
Source: Medical Engineering and Physics - Category: Biomedical Engineering Authors: Source Type: research
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