Validation and reliability of the scale Self-efficacy and their child's level of asthma control.
Validation and reliability of the scale Self-efficacy and their child's level of asthma control. Rev Bras Enferm. 2018 Mar-Apr;71(2):406-412 Authors: Gomes ALA, Joventino ES, Lima KF, Dodt RCM, Almeida PC, Ximenes LB Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the psychometric properties in terms of validity and reliability of the scale Self-efficacy and their child's level of asthma control: Brazilian version. METHOD: Methodological study in which 216 parents/guardians of children with asthma participated. A construct validation (factor analysis and test of hypothesis by comparison of contrasted groups) and an analysis of reliability in terms of homogeneity (Cronbach's alpha) and stability (test-retest) were carried out. RESULTS: Exploratory factor analysis proved suitable for the Brazilian version of the scale (Kaiser-Meyer-Olkim index of 0.879 and Bartlett's sphericity with p
There appears to be a link between asthma and oral contraceptives, but the issue is complex and more research is needed, investigators report.Medscape Medical News
CONCLUSIONS: The most prevalent diagnosis in children with BD-resistant airflow limitation is asthma. Allergic rhinitis and premature birth are common co-morbidities. Children without a history of asthma, as well as those with asthma but no allergic rhinitis, had lower pulmonary function. Children with BD-resistant airflow limitation may represent a sub-group of children with persistent obstruction and high risk for life-long airway disease. PMID: 29771599 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: There was general agreement between asthma diagnoses reported in the NHIS when compared to medical claims. Discordance was greatest among children with co-occurring conditions. PMID: 29771597 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusion Poor-urban residence may be independently associated with asthma control and treatment even after controlling for individual characteristics like race and ethnicity. Future research is needed to understand the sources of these geographic health disparities in order to more successfully target public health interventions.
Several animal studies, and one inoculation study in adult asthmatics have shown that interleukin-33 (IL-33) is a major contributor to type-2 inflammation in acute asthma. However, the link between IL-33 and type-2 inflammation has not been shown in naturally occurring asthma exacerbations.
ConclusionsStudies featuring EMD technology alone or as part of a multimodal intervention demonstrate promise in improving controller medication adherence. SPA technology both alone and in combination with other digital interventions demonstrates improvements in asthma control and quality of life. Future studies are needed to isolate the most efficacious component(s) of these interventions.
We conducted a needs assessment to develop an evidence-based, locally tailored asthma care implementation plan for high-risk children with asthma in Chicago. Our team of health policy experts, clinicians, researchers, and designers included extensive stakeholder engagement (N = 162) in a mixed-methods community needs assessment. Results showed the lines of communication and collaboration across sectors were weak; caregivers were the only consistent force and could not always manage this burden. A series of recommendations for interventions and how to implement and measure them were generated. Cooperative, multidisciplinary...
CONCLUSIONS Our findings suggest that prior exposure to low doses of LPS may protect from OVA-induced airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) and histopathologic changes through regulation of the Th1/Th2 and Treg/Th17 balance. PMID: 29768397 [PubMed - in process]
Condition: Asthma Interventions: Drug: Zero-dose; Drug: 90 mcg of PROAIR® HFA; Drug: 180 mcg of 90 mcg of PROAIR® HFA; Drug: 90 mcg of albuterol sulfate inhalation aerosol Sponsor: Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Limited Not yet recruiting