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Herbal Drug Kratom Contains Opioids, FDA Says

Title: Herbal Drug Kratom Contains Opioids, FDA SaysCategory: Health NewsCreated: 2/7/2018 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 2/8/2018 12:00:00 AM
Source: MedicineNet Chronic Pain General - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: news

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Publication date: 21 February 2018 Source:The Lancet, Volume 391, Supplement 1 Author(s): Amira Shaheen, Yehia Abed Background The excessive use of pesticides has chronic and acute toxic effects on human health. The aim of this study was to assess knowledge, attitudes, practices, and toxicity symptoms in farmworkers applying pesticides in a cultivated area of the Jericho district. Methods In this cross-sectional study, we collected data through face-to-face interviews with farmworkers who applied pesticides in a cultivated area of the Jericho district. χ2 and t tests were used to identify and assess associations, whic...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusions This is the first report showing that HEEb presents antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects in the visceral and somatic inflammatory pain in mice, possibly involving the inhibition of histamine receptors and pro-inflammatory cytokines activated pathways. Our results are of interest because they support the use of Eugenia brasiliensis as a potential source of phytomedicine for inflammatory diseases and pain. Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Pain is a clinical hallmark of sickle cell disease (SCD), and is rarely optimally managed. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for pain has been effectively delivered through the Internet in other pediatric populations. We tested feasibility and acceptability of an Internet-delivered CBT intervention in 25 adolescents with SCD (64% female, mean age=14.8 y) and their parents randomized to Internet CBT (n=15) or Internet Pain Education (n=10). Participants completed pretreatment/posttreatment measures. Eight dyads completed semistructured interviews to evaluate treatment acceptability. Feasibility indicators included r...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Hematology Oncology - Category: Hematology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Authors: Alejandro S, Teasdall RD, Holden M, Smith BP, Russell GB, Scoff A Abstract The study evaluated the physical,mental, and functional outcomes following below-the-knee amputation (BKA) for management of chronic, debilitating lower extremity pain. The hypothesis was that patients who undergo a BKA to alleviate chronic pain achieve a greater level of function, experience decreased pain, and benefit from improved health-related quality of life. Patients who received a BKA attended an orthopaedic clinic and completed questionnaires examining their overall health, functional status, mental health, and pain. Thirty...
Source: Journal of surgical orthopaedic advances - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Surg Orthop Adv Source Type: research
Chronic pain affects at least 116 Million U.S. adults at an estimated cost of $650 billion annually in direct medical treatment and lost productivity. Approximately 25%-50% of community-dwelling older adults and 45%-80% of nursing home residents have substantial pain. Pain management is commonly medication-based and opioids are still widely used to treat pain. Although opioids may have some benefit for acute pain management, habitual use of these drugs for chronic pain carries many risks. In 2010, a Joint Task Force evaluated pain management in the military and veteran ’s health care and found that there is a paucity...
Source: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association - Category: Health Management Authors: Tags: Quality Improvement Source Type: research
Acute appendicitis is the most common surgical emergency and becomes serious when it perforates. The principal presenting complaint of patients with acute appendicitis is abdominal pain. The diagnosis may be missed in patients with neurological disorders- in this case multiple sclerosis (MS) and quadriplegia-who do not complain of pain. There are limited research and practice guidelines for patients with chronic neurodegenerative disorders with acute abdomen.
Source: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association - Category: Health Management Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Bullying involves repeated exposure to negative actions while also invoking a power asymmetry between the involved parties. From a stress perspective, being bullied can be seen as a severe and chronic stressor, and an everyday social-evaluative threat, ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Peripheral nervous system damage from hematologic malignancies is related to neoplastic cells infiltration of peripheral nerves or to monoclonal antibody production cross-reacting with peripheral nerves' antigens. Neurolymphomatosis (NL), a rare manifestation of hematologic malignancies, occurs when malignant cells invade the peripheral nerves leading to various manifestations. Here, we report a case of NL with 2 hematologic malignancies in a 79-year-old woman presenting with lower extremity pain/weakness. Investigation revealed anemia, IgM kappa monoclonal gammopathy, and elevated anti-MAG titer. Electrodiagnostic studies...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuromuscular Disease - Category: Neurology Tags: Case Review Source Type: research
Title: Some Pain Patients Can Cut Opioid Dose and Still Get ReliefCategory: Health NewsCreated: 2/21/2018 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 2/22/2018 12:00:00 AM
Source: MedicineNet Chronic Pain General - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: news
AbstractOsteoarthritis (OA) causes chronic pain, physical disability, and mental health deterioration and reduces the quality of life of patients. Sleep is an important factor in the recovery, and adequate sleep is important for quality of life. Several features of patients with OA can affect sleep time, and sleep also affects OA. We investigated the relationship between OA and sleep duration. Data for 2010 –2012 were collected from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. We included 11,540 participants (4915 men and 6625 women). Patients with OA were defined as participants with knee/hip joint pa...
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
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