Effects of different levels of dietary Citrus Limon essential oil on some blood parameters and antioxidant status in Afshari Ewes.

This study was conducted to investigate the effects of different levels of CLO on blood parameters and antioxidant status in Afshari ewes. Six adults Afshari ewes (3-4 years old and 51±5 kg) were randomly allocated to 3×3 Latin square design with three diets in 21 days period. Dietary treatments included:1) control diet, 2) control diet with 200 mg/day CLO, and 3) control diet with 400 mg/day CLO. To evaluate the antioxidant effect of the CLO, sustainable elimination of free radicals by DPPH and ABTS methods were used. The antioxidant activity of essential oils in DPPH method at doses of 32.5, 45, 130, 260 and 520 mg/ml were 9, 16, 31, 49 and 89%, respectively. Also, antioxidant activity of essential oils in ABTS method at doses of 32.5, 45, 130, 260 and 520 mg/ml were 49, 73, 81, 89 and 95%, respectively. CLO treatments did not affect glucose, blood urea nitrogen, albumin, total protein, low density lipoprotein, while improved the concentration of high-density lipoprotein (P>0.01). Results showed that supplementation with CLO significantly decreased (P<0.01) cholesterol, triglycerides and very low density lipoprotein concentrations compared with control. There was no significant difference in analyzed blood bio-chemicals and serum enzymes level between different antioxidant activity methods and groups, suggesting general well-being of ewes. These results suggest that, CLO supplementation had a positive impact on blood traits and antioxidant status of the A...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 21 February 2019Source: Meat ScienceAuthor(s): Berta Schnettler, Gastón Ares, Néstor Sepúlveda, Silvana Bravo, Blanca Villalobos, Clementina Hueche, Germán LobosAbstractThe aim of the present work was to assess consumers' willingness to pay for reformulated frankfurters in the context of the implementation of nutritional warnings. Images of frankfurter packages were designed using a fractional factorial design with 5 2-level variables: brand type, sodium reduction, saturated fat reduction, fibre claim and cholesterol claim. An online study with 548 consumers wa...
Source: Meat Science - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Authors: Wu X Abstract In the present study, candidate genes affected by rosiglitazone to exert glycemic control in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and associated with its adverse cardiovascular effects were identified using a bioinformatics analysis. The gene expression profiles of the dataset GSE36875 from the Gene Expression Omnibus database, including heart samples from 5 non-diabetic control mice (NC), 5 untreated diabetic mice (NH) and 5 rosiglitazone-treated diabetic mice (TH), were used to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the NC vs. NH, NC vs. TH and TH vs. NH groups. Subse...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Authors: Huang Q, Liu C, Li JR, Zhang L, Huang FC, Wang D, Luo YJ Abstract Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is characterized by chronic hyperglycemia, damaged insulin secretion and insulin resistance with high morbidity and mortality. Liraglutide (liragl) and insulin are effective hypoglycemic agents used in T2DM treatment. The potential effect of liragl in combination with insulin on T2DM remains unclear. The aim of the current study was to explore effects of liragl combined with insulin on glycolipid metabolism and cardiovascular function in rats with diabetes. A diabetes model was established in Sprague Dawley ra...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Authors: Liu W, Wang T, Sun P, Zhou Y Abstract Expression of homocysteine (Hcy) and blood lipid levels in serum of atherosclerotic coronary heart disease (CHD) patients was investigated and the related risk factors were analyzed. A total of 148 CHD patients were selected as study group and another 120 healthy people attending Weifang People's Hospital for physical examination in the same period as control group. Hcy and blood lipid levels in serum were measured in the two groups, including total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
I have previously blogged about the use of wearables to generate health data with feedback to health insurance companies (see:Apple Watch"Gifted" to Insurance Policy Holders; Any Gotcha's with the Deal?;Microsoft Publishes Guidelines for"Health Wearables"). As part of this trend,UnitedHealthcare is now offering a freeApple watch for customers who meet certain activity milestones. This was described in a recent article (see:UnitedHealthcare Offers Apple Watches to Wellness Program Participants Who Meet Fitness Goals) and some of the details are provided below....[L]everaging the popularity of mo...
Source: Lab Soft News - Category: Laboratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Cost of Healthcare Healthcare Innovations Healthcare Insurance Medical Consumerism Medical Ethics Point-of-Care Testing Preventive Medicine Test Kits and Home Testing Source Type: blogs
Diabetes mellitus (DM) increases cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. A statin is routinely prescribed to patients with DM. However, whether a statin therapy is equally effective in plaque stabilization in DM patients compared to non-DM patients is unknown. A total of 117 lipid rich plaques were imaged in 90 patients (54 plaques in 41 DM patients and 63 plaques in 49 non-DM patients) with coronary artery disease who were treated with a statin and underwent serial optical coherence tomography imaging were included in this study (mean follow up period, 362 ± 38 days).
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
Statins are widely used to lower cholesterol and to reduce cardiovascular events. Whether all statins have similar effects on plaque stabilization is unknown. We aimed to investigate coronary plaque response to treatment with different statins that result in similar lipid reduction using serial multimodality intracoronary imaging. Patients with de novo coronary artery disease requiring intervention were randomized to rosuvastatin 10mg (R10) or atorvastatin 20mg (A20) daily. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) were performed at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months.
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of statin use before cardiac arrest on outcomes in cardiac arrest patients. Medical records of 142,131 adult patients who experienced non-traumatic cardiac arrest and were resuscitated between 2004 and 2011 were analyzed.
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
Kim Factors related to metabolically healthy obesity (MHO) are not well characterized in adolescents. The study&rsquo;s aim was to investigate the impact of skeletal muscle mass (SMM) on MHO in adolescents. A secondary analysis was performed using the data of 221 Korean overweight and obese adolescents aged 12&ndash;18 years from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Appendicular skeletal muscle (ASM) mass and total body fat mass were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Being metabolically unhealthy was defined using three definitions: Having &ge;1, &ge;2, or &ge;3 c...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research
DiscussionFor patients with a low-to-moderate risk of CAD, we found a significant effect of rosuvastatin on retinal microvasculature, including AVR increase, venular constriction, and arteriolar dilation after 6 –12 months of treatment.Clinical Trial registrationChinese Clinical Trial Registry identifier number ChiCTR-IOR-15006664.
Source: American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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