Organ transplantation and donation from the point of view of medical students in Iran: Ethical aspects and knowledge.

Organ transplantation and donation from the point of view of medical students in Iran: Ethical aspects and knowledge. Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand). 2018 Jan 31;64(1):91-96 Authors: Abbasi M, Kiani M, Ahmadi M, Salehi B Abstract Organ transplantation is an effective process that prolongs the lives of individuals suffering from incapacitating conditions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the view point of medical students in Iran regarding ethical aspects and knowledge on organ transplantation and donation. The participants included 165 medical students from different faculties of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. They were assessed using a reliable questionnaire that examined their ethical aspects and knowledge regarding organ transplantation and donation. All data analyses were performed using Chi-square and analysis of variance tests with SPSS software. Results showed that main sources of respondents' knowledge on organ transplantation and donation were TV, 51.52 % (n = 85) and Internet, 19.39 % (n = 32). 91.51% (n = 151) of the respondents understand and 8.48% (n =14) do not understand the concept of brain death. 49.69% (n = 82) of the respondents were willing to donate their organs. A brain death (72.12%; n = 119) donor was selected by respondents as the best option for organs transplantation. The respondents selected young patients (69.69%; n = 115) as the preferred recipients of an organ. There was no correlation bet...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

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Background: With passage of the HIV Organ Policy Equity (HOPE) Act, people living with HIV (PLWH) can donate organs to PLWH awaiting transplant. Understanding knowledge and attitudes regarding organ donation among PLWH in the United States is critical to implementing the HOPE Act. Methods: PLWH were surveyed regarding their knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about organ donation and transplantation at an urban academic HIV clinic in Baltimore, MD, between August 2016 and October 2016. Responses were compared using Fisher exact and χ2 tests. Results: Among 114 survey respondents, median age was 55 years, 47.8% we...
Source: JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Clinical Science Source Type: research
Conclusions: Rates of donation of organ donation may increase through understanding family decision-making. PMID: 30083243 [PubMed]
Source: Primary Care - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: London J Prim Care (Abingdon) Source Type: research
Conclusions: Reciprocal altruism appears useful for increasing intention towards joining the organ donation register. It does not, however, appear to increase organ donor behavior. PMID: 30107471 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annals of Behavioral Medicine - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Ann Behav Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: There is no doubt that all should be done to save native organ function, and all salvage procedures and psychological testing must be robust before considering this route. However, within the group that proceeds to nephrectomy, some cases may have the potential to generate a new pool of donor organs suitable for transplant, helping to tackle the organ deficit in renal transplantation. PMID: 30084762 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation : official journal of the Middle East Society for Organ Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Exp Clin Transplant Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The decline in post-mortem organ donation is due to a deficiency in the recognition and reporting of potential organ donors in hospital. If this process were better supported on the organizational and political level, far more organs could be transplanted. PMID: 30064626 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research
Erie County Medical Center has received a federal grant to help boost organ and tissue donation. The three-year, $1.2 million grant comes from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Health Resources and Services Administration to support ECMC’s Regional Center of Excellence for Transplantation and Kidney Care. The grant will fund social and behavioral interventions aimed at incre asing donations of both solid organs and tissue. Awareness about living donor programs are particularly vital,…
Source: Health Care:Physician Practices headlines - Category: American Health Authors: Source Type: news
Abstract Organ donation has reached a new low in Germany. The number of organ donations dropped from 1296 in 2010 to just 797 organ donations in 2017. This represents a decrease of 916 kidney transplants in the last six years. Thus, Germany occupies the penultimate position in the Eurotransplant association with the number of organ donors per million inhabitants. Only Luxembourg has fewer because of foreigners proportion of 47.5% and many of them lives in the neighboring european countries. However, Germany is not only far behind in the Eurotransplant association with the number of organ donors...
Source: Der Urologe. Ausg. A - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Urologe A Source Type: research
Publication date: July 2018Source: Medical Journal Armed Forces India, Volume 74, Issue 3Author(s): Vikas Srivastava, Monish Nakra, Anand Shankar K., Pawan Dhull, R. Ramprasad, N.S. LambaAbstractTransplantation of Human Organs is guided by laid down specific Laws in India. The organs which are targeted to be transplanted are liver, kidney and cornea. The waiting list is enormous but the donor pool is meagre. This document has been made with a view that the donor pool can be enlarged by identifying patients who are ‘Brain Dead’ while still not having ‘Cardiac Death’. The steps include the prerequisit...
Source: Medical Journal Armed Forces India - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
This study aimed to determine the outcome of kidneys initially declined for paediatric recipients and establish renal allograft survival in kidneys that were eventually transplanted.MethodsData were obtained from the UK Transplant Registry for all donation after brain death (DBD) kidneys offered and declined to paediatric recipients (
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Purpose of review Donor-derived transmission of infectious diseases is a well-recognized complication of solid organ transplantation (SOT). Most donor-derived disease transmissions are expected. Although uncommon, unexpected donor-derived infections can be associated with significant morbidity and mortality, and as the volume of patients undergoing SOT increases, the number of infections transmitted through organ donation can also be expected to rise. The growing gap between the number of patients waiting for transplantation and available organs continue in fact to be the number one issue facing the transplant community....
Source: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation - Category: Surgery Tags: INFECTIOUS COMPLICATIONS IN TRANSPLANTATION: Edited by Shimon Kusne Source Type: research
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