Organ transplantation and donation from the point of view of medical students in Iran: Ethical aspects and knowledge.

Organ transplantation and donation from the point of view of medical students in Iran: Ethical aspects and knowledge. Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand). 2018 Jan 31;64(1):91-96 Authors: Abbasi M, Kiani M, Ahmadi M, Salehi B Abstract Organ transplantation is an effective process that prolongs the lives of individuals suffering from incapacitating conditions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the view point of medical students in Iran regarding ethical aspects and knowledge on organ transplantation and donation. The participants included 165 medical students from different faculties of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. They were assessed using a reliable questionnaire that examined their ethical aspects and knowledge regarding organ transplantation and donation. All data analyses were performed using Chi-square and analysis of variance tests with SPSS software. Results showed that main sources of respondents' knowledge on organ transplantation and donation were TV, 51.52 % (n = 85) and Internet, 19.39 % (n = 32). 91.51% (n = 151) of the respondents understand and 8.48% (n =14) do not understand the concept of brain death. 49.69% (n = 82) of the respondents were willing to donate their organs. A brain death (72.12%; n = 119) donor was selected by respondents as the best option for organs transplantation. The respondents selected young patients (69.69%; n = 115) as the preferred recipients of an organ. There was no correlation bet...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

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Donation after circulatory death organs (DCD) are increasingly used for liver transplantation (LT), due to the persisting organ shortage and waiting list mortality[1]. Several reports, however, suggest inferior graft survival, increased risk for primary non-function (PNF), and biliary complications in DCD livers, with most concerns for an irreversible ischemic cholangiopathy (IC)[2]. Severe forms, requiring retransplantation, typically develop within the first 3 to 6 months after LT[3]. While the majority of transplant physicians agree, that prolonged periods of donor warm ischemia contribute significantly to this aggressi...
Source: Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: This case potentially opens up a new living liver donor pool which might have clinical relevance in countries where there is a high burden of HIV and a limited number of deceased donor organs or limited access to transplantation. However, our recipient's HIV status is equivocal at present and additional investigation regarding seroconversion events in this unique profile is ongoing.
Source: AIDS - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Fast Track Source Type: research
AbstractThe low rate of consent by relatives of potential donors especially in Muslim majority countries is one of the basic limiting factors of the success of organ transplantation. Therefore, this study aimed to explore opinions and expectations of relatives after donating their beloved ones ’ organs on a Muslim sample in Istanbul Region. Descriptive method was used. Data were collected from 82 of 95 Muslim donor relatives who agreed to participate in the study between the March and July 2014 via telephone calls. It was found that most of the relatives had donated the organs of their relatives for “keeping al...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research
ínez Daniel Fernández-García The number of donors and organs available has not increased at the same rate as the inclusion of new patients in the waiting lists. The aim of the present study was to analyze the quality of the detection process of potential brain-dead organ donors at the Hospital of León. For this, a cross-sectional prospective study was developed on a retrospective cohort of patients who were admitted or died by catastrophic brain damage with the potential for organs donation. Data were collected for six months using hospital records of admissions and exitus. For the sta...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
ConclusionThe Hamilton-DONATE pilot study supports the feasibility of a larger cohort study to describe the epidemiology and clinical practices related to deceased donor care in Canada.Trial registrationwwwclinicaltrials.gov (NCT02902783). Registered 16 September 2016.
Source: Canadian Journal of Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
This study aims to check the feasibility of the KDPI for a Spanish population and its predictive ability of graft and patient survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from 2,734 kidney transplants carried out in Andalusia between January 2006 and December 2015 were studied. Cases were grouped by recipient age, categorised by KDPI quartile and both graft and patient survival were compared among groups. RESULTS: The KDPI accurately discriminated optimal organs from suboptimal or marginal ones. For adult recipients (aged: 18-59years) it presents a hazard ratio of 1.013 (P
Source: Nefrologia : publicacion oficial de la Sociedad Espanola Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Nefrologia Source Type: research
People who receive a kidney ​ or part of a liver transplant from a living donor cut years off their time on the wait list and those organs tend to survive longer
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 8 September 2018Source: Anaesthesia &Intensive Care MedicineAuthor(s): Gilly Fleming, Euan M. ThomsonAbstractSolid organ transplant offers the potential of disease-free survival for hundreds of thousands of patients worldwide. Transplantation not only increases life expectancy and improves quality of life, but offers long-term financial savings to health care systems. The clinician's role in early identification and management of potential donors ensures that the maximum benefit can be gained from the gift of donation. A chronic shortfall in transplantable organs has led to broadened ...
Source: Anaesthesia and intensive care medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
This study compares urban trauma patients' (TPs) attitudes toward organ donation with attitudes from the 2012 National Survey of Organ Donation Attitudes (NSODA). TPs presenting to the trauma clinic between September 2014 and August 2015 were surveyed. Patient responses were compared with the 2012 NSODA. One hundred and thirty-three TPs (95.0%) responded to the survey. Compared with the 2012 NSODA, groups were similar with regard to a patient's desire for OD after death (Trauma: 62.4% [Confidence interval [CI]: 53.6-70.7] vs NSODA: 59.3% [CI: 56.6-61.8]) and the belief that doctors are less likely to save their life if the...
Source: The American Surgeon - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Am Surg Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 August 2018Source: Indian Heart JournalAuthor(s): Shayan Marsia, Ariba Khan, Maryam Khan, Saba Ahmed, Javeria Hayat, Abdul Mannan Khan Minhas, Samir Mirza, Nisar Asmi, Jonathon ConstantinAbstractDonors after brain dead (DBD) have been the major source of organ donation due to good perfusion of the organs. However, due to the mismatch in demand and supply of the organ donors and recipients, organ donation after circulatory death has increased recently all over the world. Kidneys, liver and lungs are being used for transplantation from Donors after circulatory death (DCDDs). Recently, he...
Source: Indian Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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