Organ transplantation and donation from the point of view of medical students in Iran: Ethical aspects and knowledge.

Organ transplantation and donation from the point of view of medical students in Iran: Ethical aspects and knowledge. Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand). 2018 Jan 31;64(1):91-96 Authors: Abbasi M, Kiani M, Ahmadi M, Salehi B Abstract Organ transplantation is an effective process that prolongs the lives of individuals suffering from incapacitating conditions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the view point of medical students in Iran regarding ethical aspects and knowledge on organ transplantation and donation. The participants included 165 medical students from different faculties of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. They were assessed using a reliable questionnaire that examined their ethical aspects and knowledge regarding organ transplantation and donation. All data analyses were performed using Chi-square and analysis of variance tests with SPSS software. Results showed that main sources of respondents' knowledge on organ transplantation and donation were TV, 51.52 % (n = 85) and Internet, 19.39 % (n = 32). 91.51% (n = 151) of the respondents understand and 8.48% (n =14) do not understand the concept of brain death. 49.69% (n = 82) of the respondents were willing to donate their organs. A brain death (72.12%; n = 119) donor was selected by respondents as the best option for organs transplantation. The respondents selected young patients (69.69%; n = 115) as the preferred recipients of an organ. There was no correlation bet...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Related Links:

This study suggests that advantages and disadvantages vary by environment and diet, however, which might explain why evolution has selected for multiple haplogroups rather than one dominant haplogroup. This is all interesting, but none of it stops the research community from engineering a globally better-than-natural human mitochondrial genome, and then copying it into the cell nucleus as a backup to prevent the well-known contribution of mitochondrial DNA damage to aging. Further, nothing stops us from keeping the haplogroups we have and rendering the effects of variants small and irrelevant through the development...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Human body is intertwined collection of lives of Individual organs.We believe death occurs when brain dies , respiration stops and circulation ceases . Curiously ,when life ends , these organs  don’t die as a single unit . These three events can happen in any of the six possible permutations.Each organ takes different times to die after loss of life.It is like a crashed computer , where the mother board /RAM memory may be transferred to another and be functional . Out of these three , heart function appears to be supreme as it can function without the need of brain (Science of brain-death) and keep the body...
Source: Dr.S.Venkatesan MD - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Heart transplantation donor heart transport transmedics Source Type: blogs
Abstract Guidelines for donor selection have changed to expand the donor pool, considering potential donors affected by a neoplasm. Aim of this retrospective study is to look at the use of organs from donors with a current or history of neoplasm within the Italian Transplant Network. Data, collected and validated by Italian National Health Institute for the time interval 2006-2015, have been reviewed retrospectively by mean of multivariable pivot tables. Donors with neoplasia represented about 5% of all donors, resulting in about 4% of all transplants. Donors presented a benign neoplasm in 29.08% of cases, a malig...
Source: Journal of Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: J Nephrol Source Type: research
Discussion of Mitochondrial Hormesis as an Approach to Slow Aging Cornelis (Cees) Wortel, Ichor Therapeutics Chief Medical Officer, on Rejuvenation Research and Its Engagement with the Established Regulatory System An Interview with a Programmed Aging Theorist An Interview with Reason at the Life Extension Advocacy Foundation An Interview on Mitochondrial Damage and Dysfunction in Aging An Interview with Vadim Gladyshev on Research into the Causes of Aging An Interview with Jim Mellon, and Update on Juvenescence A Lengthy Interview with Aubrey de Grey of the SENS Research Foundation An Interview with Peter de Keize...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Healthy Life Extension Community Source Type: blogs
(ERA-EDTA) The EKHA project 'Improving Organ Donation and Transplantation in the EU' will be launched on the European Commission's Health Policy Platform in 2019, an interactive tool to boost discussions about public health concerns and to share knowledge and best practices. Thus, transplantation, especially kidney transplantation and the lack of organs in the EU, will be in the focus of European healthcare discussions in 2019.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Conclusion: The rate of successful organ donation may be increased by analyzing the major causes of failure in the brain-dead organ donation management process and engaging in various efforts to prevent such failures. PMID: 30534034 [PubMed - in process]
Source: J Korean Med Sci - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research
Abstract Background: Organ transplantation is considered the best treatment for end-stage organ failure. However, the lack of available organs for transplantation and the increasing number of patients waiting for transplants are primary issues facing the transplant community. Thus, developing strategies to increase the number of donors, especially for liver transplantation, has become a priority. The use of organs acquired from donors who suffered cardiac related deaths has increased the pool of potential liver donors. However, donation after cardiac death (DCD) livers increases the risk of primary graft dysfuncti...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
Abstract Heart transplantation remains the definitive management for end-stage heart failure refractory to medical therapy. While heart transplantation cases are increasing annually worldwide, there remains a deficiency in organ availability with significant patient mortality while on the waiting list. Attempts have therefore been made to expand the donor pool and improve access to available organs by recruiting donors who may not satisfy the standard criteria for organ donation because of donor pathology, anticipated organ ischemic time, or donation after circulatory death. "Ex vivo" heart perfusion (EV...
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Anesth Analg Source Type: research
l J Abstract Organ donation saves lives and healthcare professionals (HCPs) play a vital role in that process. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess the attitudes and level of knowledge of HCPs regarding organ donation. An online anonymous self-administered questionnaire containing 40 questions on organ donation using google forms was created. The survey was distributed to HCPs working in the Saolta University Health Care Group. A hundred and thirty-nine responses were received giving a response rate of 11.8%. HCPs willingness to donate their organs was at 93% compared to 97% willing to receive a tran...
Source: Ir Med J - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Ir Med J Source Type: research
Clinical trials of pig organs in humans could begin in as little as three years, say researchersThe transplantation of pig organs into humans is a step closer to becoming a reality after researchers showed the organs can function long-term in baboons.The transplanting of organs from one species to another, known as xenotransplantation, has been the subject of research for many years. Proponents say it could help get around a shortage of human organs.Continue reading...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Medical research Organ donation Health Society Science Germany World news Europe Source Type: news
More News: Biology | Brain | Education | Internet | Iran Health | Medical Ethics | Middle East Health | Molecular Biology | Neurology | Organ Donation | Students | Study | Transplants | Universities & Medical Training