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Correspondence Health equity in Israel

In the first paper in The Lancet's Series on Health in Israel, A Mark Clarfield and colleagues1 praised the development of health-care services before the establishment of Israel, highlighting health-care needs among Jewish immigrants while ignoring the substantial health consequences2 of the 1948 Nakba (The Palestinian Catastrophe), when nearly 1 million Palestinians were expelled from their lands. Some were internally displaced; others became refugees who were denied basic rights. Israel missed the opportunity to create an egalitarian health-care system when the activities of Medical Services for Minorities —previously a division of the Ministry of Health— were done in collaboration with, and by the orders of, the military administration.
Source: LANCET - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

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Conclusions: From a research perspective, better agreement on both diagnoses and outcomes is urgently needed to improve the overall quality of the evidence. Clinically, despite the limitations in the literature, it is unacceptable for PD services to ignore AUD and for AUD services not to screen for PD. Both are likely to have an impact on health and functioning and should be considered in routine reviews. A better conceptualization of the putative mechanisms of this interaction, as well as an understanding of the neurobiology and reasons for the impact on treatment outcomes, will help to move the field forward.Psychopathology
Source: Psychopathology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Conclusions: BZD are a therapeutic option in anxious depression and there are no indications that AD are preferable. There is a pressing need for RCT of adequate methodological quality and follow-up comparing BZD to second-generation AD and placebo in anxious depression.Psychother Psychosom
Source: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
PMID: 29461110 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Adv Dent Res - Category: Dentistry Authors: Tags: Adv Dent Res Source Type: research
Conclusions. Adv Dent Res. 2018 Mar;29(2):183-185 Authors: Zohoori FV PMID: 29461109 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Adv Dent Res - Category: Dentistry Authors: Tags: Adv Dent Res Source Type: research
Abstract Policy on fluoride intake involves balancing caries against dental fluorosis in populations. The origin of this balance lies with Dean's research on fluoride concentration in water supplies, caries, and fluorosis. Dean identified cut points in the Index of Dental Fluorosis of 0.4 and 0.6 as critical. These equate to 1.3 and 1.6 mg fluoride (F)/L. However, 1.0 mg F/L, initially called a permissible level, was adopted for fluoridation programs. McClure, in 1943, derived an "optimum" fluoride intake based on this permissible concentration. It was not until 1944 that Dean referred to this concentrat...
Source: Adv Dent Res - Category: Dentistry Authors: Tags: Adv Dent Res Source Type: research
PMID: 29461107 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Adv Dent Res - Category: Dentistry Authors: Tags: Adv Dent Res Source Type: research
;re I Abstract The purpose of this report is to examine critically the appropriateness of the current guidance for fluoride intake in the population (0.05-0.07 mg F/kg bodyweight/d), consider whether changes to the current guidance are desirable, and suggest further research that will strengthen the evidence base for future decisions on guidance/advice in this area. The benefits and the risks of using fluoride particularly concern preschool children because it is at this age that excessive fluoride intake may result in dental fluorosis. Data from mostly cross-sectional studies show a wide variation in exposure and...
Source: Adv Dent Res - Category: Dentistry Authors: Tags: Adv Dent Res Source Type: research
PMID: 29461105 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Adv Dent Res - Category: Dentistry Authors: Tags: Adv Dent Res Source Type: research
Abstract Since the classical epidemiological studies by Dean, it has been known that there should be an optimum level of exposure to fluoride that would be able to provide the maximum protection against caries, with minimum dental fluorosis. The "optimal" daily intake of fluoride for children (0.05-0.07 mg per kilogram bodyweight) that is still accepted worldwide was empirically determined. In the present review, we discuss the appropriateness of the current guidance for fluoride intake, in light of the windows of susceptibility to caries and fluorosis, the modern trends of fluoride intake from multiple ...
Source: Adv Dent Res - Category: Dentistry Authors: Tags: Adv Dent Res Source Type: research
Authors: Heichel J, Luci E, Struck HG, Siebolts U, Wickenhauser C, Plontke S, Viestenz A, Götze G PMID: 29460016 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: HNO - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research
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