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Correspondence Protecting Rohingya: lives, minds, and the future

The Lancet Editorial (Dec 23, 2017, p 2740)1 highlights the urgent need to protect the Rohingya from atrocities. The UN Security Council and member states have been called on to investigate these apparent crimes against humanity and impose appropriate sanctions against military forces, but the mental health status of the Rohinga also requires urgent attention. The outbreak of diseases such as diphtheria, cholera, and measles represents only a small part of the problem. The greater and more concerning challenge is protecting the mental health of individuals exposed to genocide and humanitarian crises.
Source: LANCET - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

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GIDEON what’s new summary: February 16 to February 18, 2018 Infectious Diseases – Outbreaks (6 updates) 6 DiseasesMap Infectious Diseases – Diseases (72 updates) 32 Diseases39 Country notes1 New Disease Synonym AddedMap Infectious Diseases – Drugs (314 updates) 314 Drugs Infectious Diseases – Vaccines (1 updates) 1 Vaccine Microbiology – Bacteria (3 updates) 1 New Bacteria Added2 Bacteria The post Update: February 18, 2018 appeared first on GIDEON - Global Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology Online Network.
Source: GIDEON blog - Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Tags: What's New Source Type: blogs
Authors: Cesinaro AM, Nosseir S, Mataca E, Mengoli MC, Cavatorta C, Gennari W Abstract Canine Leishmaniasis is a disease endemic in many parts of Europe, carried by insects of phlebotomous species. Humans are occasional hosts of the parasites. Cases of human leishmaniasis have been registered in Italy, particularly in the southern and coastal regions. In the period 1997-2016, we collected a series of 35 patients affected by cutaneous leishmaniasis, uncovered by skin biopsy and histological examination, 21 of them found in last 3 years. The patients, 28 males and 7 female, aged between 19 and 91, resided in a restri...
Source: Pathologica - Category: Pathology Tags: Pathologica Source Type: research
Publication date: May 2018 Source:Protein Expression and Purification, Volume 145 Author(s): Ruchi Gupta, Tatiana P. Soares da Costa, Pierre Faou, Con Dogovski, Matthew A. Perugini Given the emergence of multi drug resistant Vibrio cholerae strains, there is an urgent need to characterize new anti-cholera targets. One such target is the enzyme dihydrodipicolinate synthase (DHDPS; EC 4.3.3.7), which catalyzes the first committed step in the diaminopimelate pathway. This pathway is responsible for the production of two key metabolites in bacteria and plants, namely meso-2,6-diaminopimelate and L-lysine. Here, we report the ...
Source: Protein Expression and Purification - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
ulin Li Xinxin Ma The microbial communities associated with algal blooms play a pivotal role in organic carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus cycling in freshwater ecosystems. However, there have been few studies focused on unveiling the dynamics of bacterial and fungal communities during the outbreak and decline of algal blooms in drinking water reservoirs. To address this issue, the compositions of bacterial and fungal communities were assessed in the Zhoucun drinking water reservoir using 16S rRNA and internal transcribed spacer (ITS) gene Illumina MiSeq sequencing techniques. The results showed the algal bloom was domi...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Food Policy, Volume 75 Author(s): Mike Webb, John Gibson, Anna Strutt We quantify effects of disease outbreaks on agricultural trade with a gravity model of impacts of foot and mouth disease (FMD) and bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) on beef trade. We account for official FMD status and for the impact of recent disease outbreaks. During and after a FMD outbreak, exporting countries substitute away from markets recognized as FMD-free toward lower value markets not recognized as FMD-free. Similarly, a country that has experienced BSE will export less to markets that have not expe...
Source: Food Policy - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Public health officials west of Toronto say they've confirmed a case of the measles in a baby who returned home on a flight from Switzerland.
Source: CBC | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Canada/Toronto Source Type: news
Conclusions Access to EPI vaccination for children is a key example of preventative public health interventions that have been curtailed in Northern Syria since the start of the conflict. These findings demonstrate that collapse of the formal public health system has led to an increasingly large group of children who are susceptible to infectious diseases with serious consequences, with younger children most vulnerable. We call on all health actors and the international community to work towards re-establishment of EPI activities as a priority to ensure that children who have had no access to vaccination in the last five...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research
Much has been made of the Rohingya being stateless. But how they are being treated is utterly heartless. The almost 1 million Rohingya Muslims displaced from Myanmar's Rakhine State to Bangladesh are housed in squalid camps quickly becoming reservoirs of disease and despair. A new outbreak of diphtheria comes on the heels of cholera and measles outbreaks. Insufficient food, shelter, health care, and hope add to the almost unimaginable suffering of these most disenfranchised refugees.
Source: LANCET - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
Over the last 20 years, the increase in international travel, which has been intensified by the availability of low-cost flights, has facilitated the movement of an increased number of patients from areas with endemic diseases to distant regions. As a consequence, cities around flight hubs have been and are exposed to the rapid dissemination of imported infections, as was reported in the initial dissemination of HIV infection in North America, and more recently in the 2009 influenza pandemic. Similarly, outbreaks of cholera have been reported in travellers after long distance flights, and tourism has also been associated w...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
This week is World Immunization Week and what better way to commemorate it than by discussing the facts about vaccines and the importance of herd immunity. But first... What exactly IS a vaccine? A vaccine is a biological agent that stimulates a person's immune system to produce immunity to a specific pathogen, protecting the person from a disease. That's how vaccines work. You get an inactivated, attenuated, or a portion of the version of the pathogen you're hoping to avoid. According to the CDC, routine vaccines given to children in the last two decades will prevent hundreds of millions illnesses, tens of millions h...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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