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Supportive care in the era of immunotherapies for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer

Purpose of review The therapeutic armamentarium for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer has evolved considerably over the past years. Immune checkpoint inhibitors targeting programmed cell death-1 such as pembrolizumab and nivolumab or programmed cell death ligand 1 such as atezolizumab, durvalumab and avelumab have shown favorable efficacy results in this patient population in the first-line and second-line setting. These immunotherapies are associated with a distinct toxicity profile based on autoimmune organ toxicity which is a new challenge for supportive care during treatment with these drugs. Recent findings The differential diagnosis of events occurring during immune checkpoint inhibitor treatment is broad: they can be due to immune-related or nonimmune-related adverse events, atypical tumor responses (pseudoprogression or hyperprogression) or events related to comorbidities or other treatments. Summary The management of these patients includes a thorough baseline clinical, biological and radiologic evaluation, patient education, correct follow-up and management by a multidisciplinary team with a central role for the medical oncologist. Immune-related toxicities should be managed according to available guidelines.
Source: Current Opinion in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: LUNG AND MEDIASTINUM: Edited by Robert Pirker Source Type: research

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Authors: Re MD, Rofi E, Restante G, Crucitta S, Arrigoni E, Fogli S, Maio MD, Petrini I, Danesi R Abstract Rationale: KRAS is the most common and, simultaneously, the most ambiguous oncogene implicated in human cancer. Despite KRAS mutations were identified in Non Small Cell Lung Cancers (NSCLCs) more than 20 years ago, selective and specific inhibitors aimed at directly abrogating KRAS activity are not yet available. Nevertheless, many therapeutic approaches have been developed potentially useful to treat NSCLC patients mutated for KRAS and refractory to both standard chemotherapy and targeted therapies.The focus ...
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
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Source: Immunotherapy - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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Source: Current Treatment Options in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Hematology-Oncology News Alert Source Type: news
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Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Hematology-Oncology News Alert Source Type: news
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Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news
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Source: BMC Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Commentary Source Type: research
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Source: Current Surgery Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Condition:   Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung Intervention:   Biological: Autologous Tcm cells immunotherapy Sponsors:   Beijing Friendship Hospital;   Newish Technology (Beijing) Co.,Ltd. Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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