African-Americans Disproportionately Endangered by HIV/AIDS African-Americans Disproportionately Endangered by HIV/AIDS

African-Americans are far more likely than other Americans to be infected with HIV but far less likely to get life-saving treatments that stop the virus ’ spread, a new U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report finds.Reuters Health Information
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Medscape Today News Source Type: news

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The objective is to prolong the pregnancy by at least 48 hours to complete foetal lung maturation and for the in-utero transfer of the pregnant woman to a perinatal centre. The indication for tocolysis is regular, premature contractions (≥ 4/20 min) and a dynamic shortening of the cervical length/cervical opening between 22 + 0 to 33 + 6 weeks of pregnancy. In this connection, the cervical length measured on ultrasound and the determination of biomarkers in the cervicovaginal secretions can be important decision-making aids. Beta sympathomimetics should no longer be used due to ...
Source: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde - Category: OBGYN Tags: Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd Source Type: research
[WHO] "The greatest support I ever received living with HIV for 10 years has come from my HIV-negative partner."
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
Authors: Hermawati S, Pieri K Abstract Assistive technologies (ATs) offer capabilities that were previously inaccessible to individuals with severe and profound hearing loss who have no or limited access to hearing aids and implants. This literature review aims to explore existing ATs and identify what still needs to be done. It is found that there is a lack of focus on the overall objectives of ATs. In addition, several other issues are identified, i.e. only a very small number of ATs developed within a research context have led to commercial devices, and there is a predisposition to use the latest expensive techn...
Source: Assistive Technology - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Assist Technol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Reflecting consensus among a broad group of experts, researchers, policy- and decision-makers, PLWH, and other stakeholders, the resulting research priorities highlight important evidence gaps that are relevant for ministries of health, funders, normative bodies and research networks. PMID: 30657644 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The most effective demand creation strategies for PrEP may be those that address the everyday life priorities of potential users in addition to HIV prevention. CLINICAL TRIAL NUMBER: NCT02775929. PMID: 30657642 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The majority of provider respondents cared for a WLHIV who desired to breastfeed, and a third had WLHIV who breastfed despite recommendations against it. Providers found that the status of U.S. guidelines and their incongruity with WHO guidelines left them without adequate resources to support WLHIV's infant feeding decisions. Our findings provide important insight to inform professional associations' discussions about public health policy as they consider future directions for infant feeding guidelines among WLHIV. PMID: 30657639 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
Authors: Sánchez-Manubens J, Iglesias E, Anton J Abstract INTRODUCTION: Mevalonate Kinase Deficiency (MKD) is a rare monogenic autoinflammatory disorder (AID) with autosomal recessive inheritance caused by mutations in the MVK gene. It includes hyperimmunoglobulinemia D syndrome (HIDS) and mevalonic aciduria (a severe form). Patients have recurrent inflammatory attacks with high fever, gastrointestinal symptoms, lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly, arthralgia, rash, pharyngitis, aphtosis and constitutional complaints. Heightened understanding of molecular mechanisms in monogenic autoinflammatory disorders has prov...
Source: Expert Review of Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Expert Rev Clin Immunol Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewMental health disorders, especially depression, are prevalent among people living with HIV (PLWH) and are associated with cognitive impairment (CI) among HIV-uninfected (HIV −) individuals. We conducted a comprehensive review of the link between depression and cognition among PLWH.Recent FindingsStudies examining depression and cognition in PLWH report high rates of current (median  = 24%) and lifetime depression (42%). There is reliable evidence that depression is associated with overall CI among PLWH, and in the cognitive domains of processing speed, executive function, learni...
Source: Current HIV/AIDS Reports - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
AbstractAnnual HIV testing is recommended for individuals at high risk of infection, specifically incarcerated populations. Incarcerated men carry a higher lifetime risk of acquiring HIV than the general population, yet little is known about their HIV testing behaviors. We collected Audio Computer Assisted Self Interview data for 819 men entering a state prison in North Carolina. We assessed correlates of previous HIV testing, including stigmatizing attitudes and beliefs, and explored two outcomes: (1) ever HIV tested before current incarceration, and (2) recency of last HIV test. Eighty percent had been HIV tested before;...
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Starkey hearing aids are some of the more advanced devices on the market, including ones with sensors and even artificial intelligence that work together to improve the quality of sound. Some of Starkey’s devices are essentially invisible, resi...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: ENT Rehab Source Type: blogs
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