Studying the effects of early childhood circumstances on long-term health

YSPH ’s Xi Chen wants to understand how factors like religious fasting during pregnancy can affect public health and human capital over time.
Source: Yale Science and Health News - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

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CONCLUSION: In the 14 years of our experience, we have shown that treatment of young women with specific indications for gestational surrogacy is beneficial, successful and relatively free of complications. However, it is imperative to follow the medical indications for this treatment and specialist recommendations. PMID: 30238935 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the Univ Palacky Olomouc Czech Repub - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Biomed Pap Med Fac Univ Palacky Olomouc Czech Repub Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: During COH for IVF treatment, DPA showed no changes in arterial stiffness during the follicular phase or in early pregnancy, but increased arterial stiffness in central and peripheral arteries in the early luteal phase. The result suggests a hormonal hemodynamic activation counteracting the effects of estrogen. PMID: 30238809 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Hypertension in Pregnancy - Category: OBGYN Tags: Hypertens Pregnancy Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 September 2018Source: Social Science &MedicineAuthor(s): B.C. De KokAbstractThis paper explores loss in childbearing in Malawi (miscarriages, perinatal deaths and maternal mortality) as a lens to understand accountability and health system functioning. In low-income countries, maternal and perinatal mortality reflects poor health system functioning, to be improved in part through accountability. Understanding how accountability plays out on the ground requires examination of the existing, ‘organic’ accountability relationships and mechanisms. Thematic and discourse anal...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
This report provides updated information and recommendations on testing, screening, and care for pregnant women and infants affected by ZIKV. METHODS: Current published recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the World Health Organization, and the American Academy of Pediatrics were reviewed and included in this report. RESULTS: Although largely a self-limiting disease usually without symptoms, pregnant women and their fetuses are at greatest risk. Maternal transmission of ZIKV to the fetus can lead to congenital Zika infection with potentially devastating sequelae to the infant. The ...
Source: Advances in Neonatal Care - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Adv Neonatal Care Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is caused by a cytopathic lentivirus. HIV without adequate treatment during pregnancy can result in maternal to child transmission (MCT) of the virus. Sequelae can include severe lifelong morbidities, shorter life expectancies, and high mortality rates without antiretroviral therapy. PURPOSE: To discuss epidemiological trends, pathophysiology, and clinical care guidelines including those for diagnosis, treatment, and management of MCT of HIV in the United States. To emphasize the importance of prompt identification, prophylaxis, and treatment of at-risk ...
Source: Advances in Neonatal Care - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Adv Neonatal Care Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2018Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology, Volume 34, Issue 10, Supplement 1Author(s): C. Wen, K. Nerenberg, J. Johnson, R. Sigal, T. Anderson, A. Metcalfe
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 September 2018Source: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty AcidsAuthor(s): E. Ogundipe, N. Tusor, Y. Wang, M.R. Johnson, A.D. Edwards, M.A. CrawfordAbstractDocosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (ArA) are essential brain specific fatty acids (BSFA) for mammalian central nervous system development. Human brains have accelerated growth with significant increase in cerebral content of ArA and DHA during the last trimester of pregnancy and first postnatal months. This randomized double blind placebo controlled single centre trial assessed the impact of BSFA supplementa...
Source: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids (PLEFA) - Category: Lipidology Source Type: research
Sometimes when you’re stuck in your own stuff, you forget that the world is changing outside you. You zoom into what’s going wrong and that narrow focus prevents you from seeing what’s going right. Like this week, I learned that we’re predisposed to forgive, which one of four personality types I might be, and the innovative ways colleges are trying to reach students grappling with mental illness. It reminded me things are always improving. We’re getting closer to understanding ourselves and each other a little better. Isn’t that exciting? I hope you enjoy this sample of psychology offeri...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Best of Our Blogs Source Type: blogs
How long do you think it will take for authoritarian governments, dictatorships or tyrannies until they realize the vast potential in digital health technologies and until they learn how to harness their powers? Twenty years? Ten years? We have to warn you, the era of 24/7 surveillance and intrusion into the innermost secrets of human life is even closer than that. Watch out! Dystopic worst case scenario-alert! Digital technologies are double-edged swords: they promised social change… On 17 December 2010, a Tunisian vegetable vendor set up his cart on the street in Sidi Bouzid to sell goods that he obtained the day ...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Bioethics Future of Medicine Security & Privacy AR artificial intelligence big data biotechnology black mirror dystopia genes genetics genomics Health health sensors Healthcare insurance MR Personalized medicine scifi Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 8 September 2018Source: Best Practice &Research Clinical Obstetrics &GynaecologyAuthor(s): Lynne Sykes, Phillip R. BennettAbstractPreterm birth (PTB) occurs in 5–18% of pregnancies and is the leading cause of neonatal morbidity, mortality and infant death. Up to 30% of PTBs are due to iatrogenic reasons, but the remainder are due to the spontaneous onset of labour or pre-labour premature rupture of membranes (P-PROM). During pregnancy, the uterus remains quiescent and the cervix remains long and closed. Although the exact mechanisms that lead to spontaneous PTB (sPTB) are no...
Source: Best Practice and Research Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
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