Regulators Say Herbal Supplement Kratom Contains Opioids

WASHINGTON (AP) — U.S. health authorities say an herbal supplement promoted as an alternative pain remedy contains the same chemicals found in opioids, the addictive family of drugs at the center of a national addiction crisis. The Food and Drug Administration analysis, published Tuesday, makes it more likely that the supplement, kratom, could be banned by the federal government. The FDA also said it has identified 44 reports of death involving kratom since 2011, up from 36 reported in November. Sold in various capsules and powders, kratom has gained popularity in the U.S. as a treatment for pain, anxiety and drug dependence. Proponents argue that the substance is safer than opioid painkillers like OxyContin and Vicodin, which have contributed to an epidemic of drug abuse. More than 63,000 Americans died in 2016 from drug overdoses, mostly from opioids. FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb reiterated that there are no FDA-approved medical uses for kratom, which is derived from a plant native to Southeast Asia. "Claiming that kratom is benign because it's 'just a plant' is shortsighted and dangerous," Gottlieb said in a statement. "It's an opioid. And it's an opioid that's associated with novel risks because of the variability in how it's being formulated, sold and used recreationally." FDA scientists analyzed the 25 most common chemical compounds in kratom and concluded that they behave like those found in opioids including morphine. Kratom remains legal ...
Source: JEMS Patient Care - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Patient Care News Source Type: news

Related Links:

Authors: Mumcuoglu KY, Leibovici V, Reuveni I, Bonne O Abstract BACKGROUND: Delusional parasitosis (DP) is a somatic type of delusional disorder, usually mono-symptomatic, in which the patients are convinced they are being infested with animal parasites while no objective evidence exists to support this belief. The complaints are usually about skin infestation, but involvement of the gastrointestinal tract has also been described. Numerous samples are brought for examination from skin, clothes, and environmental sources, while a detailed description of the "parasite" is given. In primary DP, the delusion ...
Source: The Israel Medical Association Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: Isr Med Assoc J Source Type: research
President Trump directed Attorney General Jeff Sessions to file a federal lawsuit, separate from state lawsuits, against opioid manufacturers in an effort to help stem an epidemic of addiction in the United States.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 16 August 2018Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Basis of DiseaseAuthor(s): Elisabeth Jeanclos, Monique Albersen, Rúben J.J. Ramos, Annette Raab, Christian Wilhelm, Leif Hommers, Klaus-Peter Lesch, Nanda M. Verhoeven-Duif, Antje GohlaAbstractPyridoxal 5′-phosphate (PLP) is an essential cofactor in the catalysis of ~140 different enzymatic reactions. A pharmacological elevation of cellular PLP concentrations is of interest in neuropsychiatric diseases, but whole-body consequences of higher intracellular PLP levels are unknown. To address this question, we ...
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Molecular Basis of Disease - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Trump administration also wants to cut production quotas of most-abused opioids, including oxycodone and fentanyl.
Source: CBC | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Health Source Type: news
For decades, Tim Lennon repressed memories of the childhood abuse he says he suffered at the hands of a priest. It wasn’t until 1995, when Lennon was in his late 40s and living in San Francisco, that he stumbled across information about clergy sexual abuse and felt decades-old memories come flooding back. “I said, ‘Oh my god, that happened to me,'” Lennon remembers. But even that moment, he says, didn’t prepare him for the memories that resurfaced in 2010 — an avalanche that he believes was triggered by his twin daughters turning 12, the age around which he says he was raped by a priest....
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized healthytime Mental Health/Psychology onetime Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 16 August 2018Source: NJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life SciencesAuthor(s): N. Longworth, R.A. Jongeneel, H.W. SaatkampAbstractTo analyze the market effects of HPAI control in the Dutch layer sector an integrated modelling approach was developed to simulate these effects. This approach included (1) an extensive epidemiological simulation, (2) farm level costs calculation and conversion, and (3) partial equilibrium (PE) modelling of the Dutch layer sector. Model structure and behavioural equations of the latter are described. The basis for the analysis of model behaviour were simulated HPAI...
Source: NJAS Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 August 2018Source: Journal of Theoretical BiologyAuthor(s): Marina Voinson, Alexandra Alvergne, Sylvain Billiard, Charline SmadiAbstractMost emerging human infectious diseases have an animal origin. While zoonotic diseases originate from a reservoir, most theoretical studies have principally focused on single-host processes, either exclusively humans or exclusively animals, without considering the importance of animal to human transmission (i.e. spillover transmission) for understanding the dynamics of emerging infectious diseases. Here we aim to investigate the importance of spillover...
Source: Journal of Theoretical Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 August 2018Source: Microvascular ResearchAuthor(s): Marie-Pierre Cyr, Alexandra Pinard, Olivia Dubois, Mélanie MorinAbstractBackgroundMicrovascular assessment has become increasingly used in gynecology to better understand the pathophysiology of various vulvar conditions and to study sexual function. Alteration in blood perfusion of the vulvar area has been observed using laser technologies in women with provoked vestibulodynia (PVD), the leading cause of vulvar pain. However, no studies have thus far investigated the reliability of an agreement between lasers for evaluating vul...
Source: Microvascular Research - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
(WASHINGTON) — U.S. health authorities say an herbal supplement promoted as an alternative pain remedy contains the same chemicals found in opioids, the addictive family of drugs at the center of a national addiction crisis. The Food and Drug Administration analysis, published Tuesday, makes it more likely that the supplement, kratom, could be banned by the federal government. The FDA also said it has identified 44 reports of death involving kratom since 2011, up from 36 reported in November. Sold in various capsules and powders, kratom has gained popularity in the U.S. as a treatment for pain, anxiety and drug depen...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Addiction APH healthytime onetime Source Type: news
More News: Addiction | Anxiety | Chemistry | Complementary Medicine | Emergency Medicine | Epidemics | Epidemiology | Food and Drug Administration (FDA) | Government | Herbs | Hydrocodone | Legislation | Lortab | Morphine | Myopia (short sighted) | Overdose | Oxycodone | OxyContin | Pain | Politics | Substance Abuse | Vicodin