Supporting nurse mentors to reduce the barriers to implementing alcohol Interventions and Brief Advice (IBA) in primary care
Conclusion This project indicates that by supporting nurse mentors in leading on the implementation of IBA there is potential for reducing alcohol-related harm within the existing resources of the surgery. This could support primary care in the practical implementation of an evidence based cost effective intervention which has experienced patchy uptake. References 1 Her Majesty’s Government (2012) The Government’s Alcohol Strategy -2012 2 House of Commons Health Committee, 29012, Government’s Alcohol Strategy 3 National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (2012) Alcohol-use disorders: prevention Guideline PH24 4 Thom B. et al (2014) Delivering alcohol IBA: broadening the base from health to non-health contexts Alcohol insight number 116 Alcohol Research UK 5 PHE Alcohol Learning Resources 6 Event hosted jointly by the Royal College of GPs Foundation, the Committee of General Practice Education Directors (COGPED) and Health 6 6Education Wessex (HEW) November 2013 Nursing in Primary Care – ‘a roadmap to excellence’
A HEALTHY lifestyle should be at the forefront of people ’s minds with the threat of alcohol related deaths and obesity in the UK on the rise. As part of a new survey to raise awareness of these problems, Britain’s unhealthiest city has been revealed.
Teens are known to have a penchant for impulsivity and instant gratification. Even scientists have studied these habits and come to the conclusion that teen brains are simply wired for risk. But just what kind of at-risk or high-risk behaviors should parents be on the lookout for? To start with, at-risk behaviors are defined as anything that puts adolescents on the path to future negative consequences such as injury, poor health, incarceration and even death. Since most teens rarely think ahead to the consequences of their actions, it’s up to parents to recognize some of these dangerous behaviors and caution the...
ConclusionsOur study indicated that B-HCC and NBNC-HCC patients showed differential abundance of bacteria involved in different functions or biological pathways. We suggested the modification of specific gut microbiota may provide the therapeutic benefit for B-HCC and NBNC-HCC.
CONCLUSIONS: Contemporary MHT does not seem to increase the risk of biliary tract cancer. The decreased risk of gallbladder cancer may be explained by the increased use of surgery for symptomatic gallstones in MHT users. PMID: 30656997 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionMetS and its components, especially decreased HDL-cholesterol levels and central obesity, were related to the increased prevalence of prostate cancer. Preventing MetS, maintaining high HDL-cholesterol level, and maintaining low waist circumference might be useful ways for decreasing the prevalence of prostate cancer.
In conclusion, application of immunohistochemical markers of hepatocyte injury may serve as a more objective tool for distinguishing NASH from NAFL, facilitating improved resolution of hepatic molecular changes associated with progression of NAFLD. PMID: 30653341 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
In conclusion, screening uptake is negatively associated with unfavourable behaviours and health conditions that are also risk factors for breast and colorectal cancer incidence. Socioeconomic characteristics do not fully explain these differences. Health promotion interventions targeting diet and physical activity nested in screening programmes might miss part of the at-risk population.
We examined the extent to which an increase in physical activity would reduce the excess risk of work disability among overweight and obese people (body mass index ≥ 25kg/m2). Methods We used counterfactual modelling approaches to analyze longitudinal data from two Finnish prospective cohort studies (total N=38 744). Weight, height and physical activity were obtained from surveys and assessed twice and linked to electronic records of two indicators of long-term work d isability (≥90-day sickness absence and disability pension) for a 7-year follow-up after the latter survey. The models were adjusted for age, sex, so...
AbstractAlcohol and high-fat diet are two major risk factors responsible for metabolic diseases, which are manifested as steatohepatitis and liver cancer in the liver, and chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC) in the pancreas. These metabolic diseases are becoming increasingly prevalent around the globe, and more importantly, their two major etiologies commonly coexist to precipitate the disease processes. To highlight the importance of these metabolic diseases, Japanese Society of Gastroenterology (JSGE) and National Institute on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse of National Institute of Health cosponsored ...
CONCLUSION: We successfully generated a useful model for predicting NASH in Japanese morbidly obese patients based on their biochemical profile using a rule extraction algorithm. PMID: 30631398 [PubMed]