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Supporting nurse mentors to reduce the barriers to implementing alcohol Interventions and Brief Advice (IBA) in primary care

Conclusion This project indicates that by supporting nurse mentors in leading on the implementation of IBA there is potential for reducing alcohol-related harm within the existing resources of the surgery. This could support primary care in the practical implementation of an evidence based cost effective intervention which has experienced patchy uptake. References 1 Her Majesty’s Government (2012) The Government’s Alcohol Strategy -2012 2 House of Commons Health Committee, 29012, Government’s Alcohol Strategy 3 National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (2012) Alcohol-use disorders: prevention Guideline PH24 4 Thom B. et al (2014) Delivering alcohol IBA: broadening the base from health to non-health contexts Alcohol insight number 116 Alcohol Research UK 5 PHE Alcohol Learning Resources 6 Event hosted jointly by the Royal College of GPs Foundation, the Committee of General Practice Education Directors (COGPED) and Health 6 6Education Wessex (HEW) November 2013 Nursing in Primary Care – ‘a roadmap to excellence’
Source: Alcohol Research UK - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Insights Source Type: news

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AbstractPurposeIn obesity and diabetes the liver is highly susceptible to abnormal uptake and storage of fat. In certain individuals hepatic steatosis predisposes to the development of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), a disease marked by hepatic inflammation and fibrosis. Although the precise pathophysiology of NASH is unknown, it is believed that the gut microbiota-liver axis influences the development of this disease. With few treatment strategies available for NASH, exploration of gut microbiota-targeted interventions is warranted. We investigated the therapeutic potential of a prebiotic supplement to improve histo...
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
AbstractA high body mass index (BMI) and high waist circumference are important health risk factors predisposing for cardiovascular and metabolic diseases and certain cancers. Historically, underweight was a diagnostic criterion of HIV-infection. In a cross-sectional study the prevalence of BMI-categories and high waist circumference and its associated factors in patients visiting three outpatient HIV clinics in South Africa were measured with anthropometric measurements and structured questionnaires regarding socio-demographic information, quality of life (QoL), AIDS-related stigma, symptoms of depression, alcohol use, HI...
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
In conclusion, β-conglycinin effectively improved obesity and NAFLD in DIO mice, and it appears to be a promising dietary protein for the amelioration of NAFLD and obesity. PMID: 29770757 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research
Authors: Castro RQ, Soto Rodriguez I, Deschamps Lago RA, Pagola PG, Rodriguez Antolin J, Peres Quintal A, Rivera JR, Aguilera AA Abstract AIM: To evaluate the mRNA expression levels of Cd36 in adipose and hepatic tissues, in rats with NAFLD after the consumption of sucrose for 10 and 20 weeks. METHODS: Twenty Wistar rats, all nearly 21 days old were divided into two experimental groups (NAFLD-10 and NAFLD-20), that received a standard diet (2014 Teklad Global) plus 30% sucrose in their drinking water for 10 and 20 weeks and the control groups (C Groups). Variables such as body weight, food intakes, and serum pa...
Source: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the Univ Palacky Olomouc Czech Repub - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Biomed Pap Med Fac Univ Palacky Olomouc Czech Repub Source Type: research
Conclusion Gender differences were found in our BE patients, males were older in age, more obese, and suffered more serious signs from BE in terms of both endoscopic and pathologic presentations.
Source: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Excessive substance use and obesity are underpinned by a number of shared risk factors (e.g., reward dysfunction, impulsivity). Food and drugs of abuse engage similar reward-related neural circuitry and the food–drug competition hypothesis proposes that excess consumption of food may diminish desire for drugs of abuse by competing for neural receptors associated with reward and motivation. Adolescence is a high-risk period for both increased substance use and excessive weight gain. In the present study, the authors tested whether, consistent with the food–drug competition hypothesis, elevated body mass index (B...
Source: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
This study aimed to evaluate this relation between obesity and distress about appearance. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional study using data from the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey for 288,390 participants assessed from 2009 to 2012. The participants were categorized according to body mass index; obese, overweight, healthy weight, and underweight. The relation between obesity and distress was analyzed using simple and multiple logistic regression with complex sampling adjusted for age, sex, region of residence, economic level, parental education level, alcohol consumption, and smoking habits as confou...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research
This article originally appeared on Health.com
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized healthytime onetime sleep Source Type: news
h B Abstract Obesity and its associated comorbidities have become one of the largest challenges for health care in the near future. Conservative therapy for obesity and related comorbidities have a very high failure rate and poor long-term results. Similarly, the conservative and medical management of the majority of metabolic diseases such as type 2 diabetes mellitus are only able to slow down disease progression but have no causal effect on the disease process. Obesity surgery has evolved as a highly effect therapy for severe obesity achieving long-lasting weight loss. Furthermore, several studies have demonstra...
Source: European Journal of Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Eur J Endocrinol Source Type: research
Abstract The incidence of pancreatic cancer is on the rise. Risk factors for pancreatic cancer include alcohol toxicity and metabolic conditions such as obesity, hypertension, dyslipidaemia, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. However, the molecular mechanism by which chronic alcohol consumption contributes to pancreatic cancer is not well understood. The purpose of the study was to demonstrate the effects of long-term chronic ethanol exposure on the transformation of human pancreatic normal ductal epithelial (HPNE) cells. Our data showed that ethanol-transformed HPNE cells were more progressively transformed ...
Source: J Cell Mol Med - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: J Cell Mol Med Source Type: research
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