Prehospital Analgesia for Pediatric Trauma Patients in Iraq and Afghanistan.

CONCLUSIONS: Overall, a low proportion of pediatric trauma subjects within this population received analgesia in the prehospital environment. The most common analgesic medication administered was morphine. Those receiving analgesic agents had more severe injuries and higher rates of concomitant interventions. These results highlight the potential need for Tactical Combat Casualty Care guidelines specifically providing recommendations for analgesia administration among pediatric patients. PMID: 29412051 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Prehospital Emergency Care - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Prehosp Emerg Care Source Type: research

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In this study, nanodiamond (ND) reinforced Al metal matrix composite coatings with enhanced mechanical properties were fabricated by flame spraying the mixture of micron-sized Al powder and ND suspension for the first time. Microstructural characterization and assessment of mechanical/corrosion properties of the Al-ND composite coatings were conducted. Results show that the coatings with perfectly retained ND exhibit reduced porosity and increased hardness, exhibiting remarkably enhanced anti-corrosion and anti-wear performances. The study presents a promising way to develop ND reinforced metal matrix composite coatings fo...
Source: Materials Today Communications - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
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Source: Materials Today Communications - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
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Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
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Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
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In this study, Fe-doped Bi2O2CO3 nanoplates were fabricated using a facile solvothermal approach. The successful substitution of Bi3+ by Fe3+ was identified by a shift in the (010) diffraction peak of Bi2O2CO3 at 2θ = 30.2°. A controllable amount of Fe doping in Bi2O2CO3 was utilized to gradually tailor the band gap energy from 3.39 eV to 2.68 eV, resulting in the absorption edge switched from ultraviolet light to visible-light region. Compared to the pure Bi2O2CO3, Fe-doped Bi2O2CO3 nanoplates exhibited an enhanced visible-light photocatalytic activity. With the gradual increase of Fe...
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Source: Materials Chemistry and Physics - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
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Source: Mechanics of Materials - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
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Source: Mechanics of Materials - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
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