Prognostic significance of expression of epithelial-mesenchymal transition driver brachyury in breast cancer and its association with subtype and characteristics.

Prognostic significance of expression of epithelial-mesenchymal transition driver brachyury in breast cancer and its association with subtype and characteristics. Oncol Lett. 2018 Jan;15(1):1037-1045 Authors: Lee KH, Kim EY, Yun JS, Park YL, Do SI, Chae SW, Park CH Abstract Brachyury is a T-box transcription factor characterized as a driver of the epithelial-to-mesenchymal process, which is associated with poor prognosis of patients with breast cancer. The present study investigated expression of brachyury in breast cancer including primary tumor, metastatic and recurred tumor tissues, and the clinical significance and value of brachyury as a prognostic biomarker. This retrospective study included a series of 102 consecutive patients surgically resected between January 2005 and December 2011. Brachyury expression in tumor cell was evaluated using immunohistochemistry and scored as the immunoactivity. Of 102 patients, 62 primary tumors were positive for brachyury expression and 40 were negative. Multivariate analysis of disease-free survival (DFS) revealed brachyury expression, HER2 and lymphovascular invasion as independent prognostic factors [brachyury negative vs. positive hazard ratio (HR), 3.0; P=0.024; HER2 negative vs. positive HR, 4.9; P=0.003; lymphovascular invasion absent vs. present HR, 3.5; P=0.020]. These results were particularly observed in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), no recurrence or mortality occurred in brachyury negative group...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research

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Conclusion: The results suggest that the aptamer-based probe is a powerful tool for fast and highly sensitive subtyping of breast cancer both in vitro and in vivo and is also very promising for the identification, diagnosis, and targeted therapy of breast cancer molecular subtypes.
Source: Theranostics - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe introduction of HER2-directed therapies has dramatically influenced the outcome of patients with HER2 positive breast and gastric/gastroesophageal cancers. The present study findings provided that HER-2/neu expression in patients with OC has an adverse impact on the PFS. Therefore, our results show that the decision algorithm usually used in breast cancer by HER2 may be appropriate in ovarian cancer.
Source: The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
We report the case of a 68-year-old Caucasian female with a family history of cancer. Core biopsy revealed that she had grade II oestrogen receptor-negative, Her2-positive invasive ductal carcinoma. She was offered neoadjuvant chemotherapy with Herceptin and subsequently underwent breast-conserving surgery. Microscopic examination of the post-treatment breast surgical specimen showed a partial pathological response with large areas of tumour regression. The sentinel lymph node showed frequent large single and multinucleate giant cells with hyperchromatic nuclei located predominantly within the subcapsular and medullary sin...
Source: Pathobiology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Abstract Breast cancer had been the first non-hematologic malignancy where sub-types based on molecular characterization had entered clinical practice. HER2 over-expression, due to either gene amplification or protein up-regulation, defines one of these sub-types and is clinically exploited by addition of HER2-targeted treatments to the regimens of treatment. Nevertheless, in many occasions HER2-positive cancers are resistant or become refractory to these therapies. Several mechanisms, such as activation of alternative pathways or loss of expression of the receptor in cancer cells, have been proposed as the cause ...
Source: Clinical Breast Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Clin Transl Oncol Source Type: research
AbstractBreast cancer had been the first non-hematologic malignancy where sub-types based on molecular characterization had entered clinical practice. HER2 over-expression, due to either gene amplification or protein up-regulation, defines one of these sub-types and is clinically exploited by addition of HER2-targeted treatments to the regimens of treatment. Nevertheless, in many occasions HER2-positive cancers are resistant or become refractory to these therapies. Several mechanisms, such as activation of alternative pathways or loss of expression of the receptor in cancer cells, have been proposed as the cause of these t...
Source: Clinical and Translational Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions: This is the first study to date that extensively describes the development and characterisation of three novel radioresistant breast cancer cell lines through both genetic and phenotypic analysis. More changes were identified between parental cells and their radioresistant derivatives in the ER+ (MCF-7 and ZR-751) compared with the ER- cell line (MDA-MB-231) model; however, multiple and likely interrelated mechanisms were identified that may contribute to the development of acquired resistance to radiotherapy.
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Homo sapiens Source Type: research
AbstractBreast cancers with amplification and overexpression of human epithelial growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) are associated with poor prognosis, and targeted for anti-HER2 therapy. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) are currently the recommended methods to asses HER2 overexpression/amplification. Droplet digital PCR (ddPCR), a highly accurate method to quantify DNA copy number, is potentially a robust alternative for HER2 diagnostics. In the FISH assay and most of previous ddPCR reports, chromosome 17 centromere (CEP17) has been used as the reference control to determine HER2/CEP17...
Source: Medical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
AbstractSalivary duct carcinomas (SDC) and Her2/Neu3-overexpressing invasive breast carcinomas (HNPIBC/IBC) are histologically indistinguishable. We investigated whether common histopathologic and immunophenotypic features of SDC and IBC are mirrored by a similar microRNA (miRNA) profile. MiRNA profiling of 5 SDCs, 6 IBCs Her2/Neu3+, and 5 high-grade ductal breast carcinoma in situ (DCIS) was performed by NanoString platform. Selected miRNAs andHOXA1 gene were validated by RT-PCR. We observed similar miRNA expression profiles between IBC and SDC with the exception of 2 miRNAs,miR-10a andmiR-142-3p, which were higher in IBC...
Source: Head and Neck Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Abstract In spite of rapid advances in understanding of signaling networks associated with the incidence and therapeutic-sensitivity, breast cancer (BC) still remains the most commonly diagnosed and prevalent cancer in women. Emergence of resistance to hormonal interventions in estrogen-receptor (ER) positive BC coupled to loss of ER expression and activation of ER-independent growth factor, heat-shock, MYC and WNT pathways along with distinct mechanisms of therapeutic-resistance in HER2 over-expressing and triple-negative subtypes of BC collectively necessitates deeper profiling of the mechanistic networks regula...
Source: Journal of Proteomics - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: J Proteomics Source Type: research
In conclusion, we show that both SRC-2 and SRC-3 are essential for the EMT in breast cancer cells, controlling different transcriptional niches.Graphical abstract
Source: The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
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